Pennsylvania Game News - January 2012 - 54

melsheimeri called Melsheimer’s sack-bearer moth — and four beetles. One, an antlike leaf beetle — Emelinus melsheimeri — has a clear “M” on its back. And, yes, one is a click beetle Zorochros melsheimeri. Perhaps that isn’t such a surprise, because there are at least 9,300 known click beetle species worldwide and more to be named. And we all know the famous quote about beetles by British geneticist and evolutionary biologist J. B. S. Haldane that “God has an inordinate fondness for beetles,” because there are more beetle species than any other form of insects and comprise one fifth of all living species on earth. Click beetles in the family Elateridae are able to click and jump when they are on their backs by bending their heads and prothoraxes backward and then their body is suddenly straightened, producing an au-

dible click and propelling the beetle into the air and turning it right side up again. Their larvae are wireworms, a few of which are injurious to the roots of crops. The eyed elater click beetles, which I am most acquainted with, are found in the northeast and southeast United States and Ontario. The Semiotus genus occurs principally in tropical America from Mexico to Chile. Dr. Wells began studying click beetles while in pursuit of his doctorate and says that despite their abundance little is known about them and much more taxonomic work needs to be done. He received the specimen he named for me from a colleague, Sergio Riese, in Italy, and it resides in the Bonta/Sam Wells personal insect collection in Fresno, California. “Now,” Wells says, “All I have to do is go collect Semiotus marciae for myself. 

Fun Game — By Connie Mertz

Peck and Pick
Match the letter of the correct description on the right with the woodpecker on the left, and then see what it spells to finish the statement below.
red-bellied pileated downy red-headed flicker hairy C Only one with red head E Recognized by white rump patch in flight K Meowing call; does not drum L Largest woodpecker with 27-inch wingspan R Resembles the downy but larger I Common woodpecker seen at birdfeeders

yellow bellied sapsucker F “Ladder back” bands of black and white

The ________________ is also called a “yellowhammer.”
answer on page 62
54 GAME NEWS



Pennsylvania Game News - January 2012

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