Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - 54

Kalm, traveled to North America in 1748 and stayed until 1751, living mostly in southern New Jersey’s Swedish colony or in eastern Pennsylvania. During a visit to Chester, Pennsylvania, and its environs in 1748, Kalm wrote about red maples. They were plentiful trees that grew mostly in swampy, wet places. From their wood the colonists made plates, spinning wheels, spools, and feet for chairs and beds. They used the bark to concoct a blue dye and a “good, black ink.” Today, red maples grow from sea level to 3,000 feet, and from swamps and bogs to dry mountaintops. They average 50 feet in height but can reach 60 to 90 feet under good conditions, with a trunk diameter of between 18 and 30 inches. They are found from Manitoba to southern Newfoundland in Canada, south to central Florida and west to east Texas — the widest ranging tree species in North America. Their leaves, like all maples, grow opposite one another on their branches. They have three to five lobes and are coarsely toothed along their edges. Dark green and shiny above, “its leaves are white or silvery on the under sides, and, when agitated by the wind, they make the tree appear as if it were full of flowers,” Kalm wrote. That has led to two of their alternate names-- “silver maple” and “white maple.” Their leaf stems are usually red and their branchlets green at first, but then they become smooth and red. They have V-shaped leaf scars (where the previous year’s leaves had fallen off) that do not encircle their stems, and each scar contains three bundle scars (tiny, raised spots inside a leaf scar where the leaf broke off). Their pith, which occupies the central portion of their twigs, branchlets and roots, is pinkish and rarely increases in size after a tree’s first year. We have four good-sized red maples growing along our driveway. On the streamside below our house, one red maple is 19 inches diameter at breast height (dbh) and the other is 20 dbh. Both are hoary with whitish crustose lichens and
54	

patches of green moss. The 19-inch tree was the favorite climbing tree of our three sons because it has a short trunk and wide limbs within easy reach of the ground. Both trees have shed branches and gained woodpecker holes. The third tree, outside the guesthouse, is 18 inches dbh and is almost dead. Branches and long pieces of bark lie on the ground, and it is riddled with woodpecker holes including a large, vertical, pileated woodpecker food excavation hole. Still, one large branch bears the buds for next season’s flowers and leaves. The largest and healthiest yard red maple grows down next to an old corral area below the guesthouse. It is 23 inches dbh, and our son Dave claims it may be the largest red maple on our 648 acres. Red maples are relatively short-lived, reaching maturity at 70 to 80 years. Their branches are easily injured by wind storms, ice storms and heavy snows, and their thin bark doesn’t heal quickly when it is drilled by woodpeckers in search of insects or by yellow-bellied sapsuckers and squirrels after the sweet sap of red maple trees. These wounds allow fungi to invade, most notably Inonotus	 glomeratus, which infects branch stubs and stem wounds, Oxyporus	populinus,	which forms small, white fruit bodies often beneath patches of moss, and Phellinus	igniaris, which causes heart rot that, in turn, leads to a wind-snapped tree trunk or whole tree. No doubt that is what has invaded our guesthouse tree. In addition, the gallmaking maple borer, maple callus borer and scale insects can damage red maples, and the elm spanworm can defoliate it. Still, red maples are incredibly successful trees. They are prolific and early seed producers. Trees as young as four years bear samaras, and a tree one foot in diameter has as many as one million seeds. Almost every year they produce seeds, and every two years they have a bumper crop. Before Europeans arrived in eastern North America, red maples represented
GAME	 NEWS



Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012

Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012
History of the Whitetail
Contents
Slow Down
Unconventional Calling Bags Bedford County Longbeard
Cabling with Grandsons
Dumpster Bears
Two for a Turkey
Operation Talon
Passing It On
Hunting Small Woods Turkeys
Gene Nelson — Man Who Didn’t Quit
How Young is that Forest?
Field Notes
Conservation News
Off the Wire
Another View
The Naturalist’s Eye
Straight from the Bowstring
Fun Game
Lock, Stock & Barrel
Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - History of the Whitetail
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - Slow Down
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - 4
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - 5
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - 6
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - Unconventional Calling Bags Bedford County Longbeard
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - 8
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - Cabling with Grandsons
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - 10
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - 11
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - Dumpster Bears
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - 13
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - 14
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - 15
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - 16
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - Two for a Turkey
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - 18
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - 19
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - Operation Talon
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - 21
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - Passing It On
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - 23
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - 24
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - Hunting Small Woods Turkeys
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - 26
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - 27
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - 28
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - Gene Nelson — Man Who Didn’t Quit
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - 30
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - 31
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - How Young is that Forest?
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - 33
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - 34
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - Field Notes
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - 36
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - 37
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - 38
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - 39
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - Conservation News
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - 41
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - 42
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - 43
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - 44
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - 45
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - 46
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - 47
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - 48
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - Off the Wire
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - Another View
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - 51
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - 52
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - The Naturalist’s Eye
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - 54
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - 55
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - 56
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - Straight from the Bowstring
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - 58
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - 59
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - Fun Game
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - Lock, Stock & Barrel
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - 62
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - 63
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - 64a
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - 64b
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2012 - Cover4
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