Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 23

tions of their range. Populations across New England and most Mid-Atlantic states were extirpated, but southcentral Pennsylvania’s Ridge and Valley Province maintained about 10 percent of the nation’s estimated 30,000 remaining turkeys; this area proved essential for wild turkey restoration. Following farm abandonment and reforestation, wild turkey populations began to expand northward. By the early 1950s, the secondary growth of broadleaf forests in that area provided suitable habitat for turkeys to expand naturally. The Pennsylvania Game Commission (PGC) released almost 200,000 turkeys raised in game farms, without much success, between 1915 and 1981. But several trap and transfer programs initiated by the PGC beginning in the 1950s, restored and introduced wild Jake Dingel turkeys throughout Pennsylvania; similar programs occurred in nine other states. The significant increase in number of blocks occupied between the first and second atlases reflect the fact that populations were still expanding since the PGC relocated more than 2,000 wild turkey from 1958 through 1983. However, the range also expanded into western and southeastern Pennsylvania since the first Atlas, due to transfers of 719 turkeys, from 1984 through 2003, into suitable, but unoccupied habitats in western and southeastern Pennsylvania, as well as closing the fall turkey hunting season in that area. Because the wild turkey is a permanent resident of Pennsylvania, probable and possible breeding records most likely represent breeding birds. The densest turkey populations in Pennsylvania now occur where there is optimal turkey habitat of 60 percent wooded and 40 percent agricultural or reverting field/shrub habitat — in the extreme northwestern, southwestern and northeastern counties, as well as counties on the east side of the Susquehanna River basin. These areas contain a diversity of habitats within the normal annual range of about 5 km2 (~2 mi2). Spring wild turkey populations in Pennsylvania increased from an estimated 139,000 by the end of the first Atlas period to an estimated 410,000 by 2001, but they decreased considerably to an estimated 272,000 by 2005 due to the natural lower recruitment populations exhibited when nearing habitat carrying capacity, coupled with liberalized hunting seasons and several consecutive years of harsh winters and inclement spring weather. With hunting season restrictions beginning in 2004, and favorable spring weather, turkey populations quickly rose again to an estimated 360,000 in 2010. Recovery of wild turkeys from near extinction to present levels is a success story attributable to the efforts of wildlife agencies and private conservation organizations in applying sound habitat management, resulting in abundant populations for the enjoyment of all. — Mary Jo Casalena
NOVEMBER  2012  23



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012

Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012
Whitetail Predation
Contents
Bill Zee’s Boone & Crockett Club River Bull
75 Whitetails
2011-12 Small Game/Furbearer Harvests
A New Atlas of the Nesting Birds of PA
A Question of Proof
Fifty-Year Quest for a Triple Trophy
Field Notes
Conservation News
Off the Wire
Another View
Fun Game
The Naturalist’s Eye
Straight from the Bowstring
Lock, Stock & Barrel
Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - Whitetail Predation
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - Bill Zee’s Boone & Crockett Club River Bull
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 4
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 5
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 6
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 7
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 8
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 75 Whitetails
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 10
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 11
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 12
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 13
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 14
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 2011-12 Small Game/Furbearer Harvests
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 16
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 17
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - A New Atlas of the Nesting Birds of PA
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 19
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 20
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 21
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 22
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 23
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - A Question of Proof
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 25
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 26
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 27
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 28
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 29
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - Fifty-Year Quest for a Triple Trophy
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 31
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 32
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - Field Notes
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 34
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 35
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 36
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 37
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - Conservation News
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 39
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 40
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 41
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 42
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 43
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 44
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 45
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 46
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - Off the Wire
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - Another View
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 49
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - Fun Game
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - The Naturalist’s Eye
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 52
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 53
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 54
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - Straight from the Bowstring
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 56
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 57
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 58
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - Lock, Stock & Barrel
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 60
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 61
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 62
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 63
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - BB1
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - BB2
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - Cover4
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