Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 62

MANY NEW “October muzzleloading enthusiasts” who generally draw their ranks from bowhunters are now dealing with the most modern of muzzleloading locks — the 209 in-line ignition.

Consider that the steel used in the breech plug was created in a 2,000-plus degree cauldron. Cooled, machined and threaded, it is a thing of beauty when you buy the gun. Once you ignite that first sinoxid primer and release its 3,000-degree gases, changes occur in the stainless steel flash channel. The flash channel’s surface is exposed to a temperature that melts the steel as the fiery blast rushes through it, reverses with hotter temperatures and greater pressure from the main charge exploding, and then recrystalizes as it begins to cool. Unburned primer compounds glue themselves to the flash channel and blowback from propellant coats the face of the breech plug, as well as blowing back and coating the channel itself. That little stainless steel breech plug really takes a beating each time you shoot, and you need to understand how to maintain it. Normal loads of bulk black powder and Pyrodex work well with the 3,024-degree Fahrenheit flame generated by the #11 cap. After all, black powder ignites at 480 degrees, while the Pyrodex comes to life at 740 degrees. It is the increased powder charges of 150 grains, or three pellets, which don’t burn well in short barrels with light bullets. The solution by the manufacturers was to increase the volume of burning gas from the cap by going to the 209 shotgun primer, even though the flame temperature was the same. Just recently, CCI began producing a #11 magnum cap, with a flame temperature of 3,717 degrees, equal to that of the U.S. musket cap. This Fun Game answers: heart, lungs, head/neck; ANGLE, N, A, E, L, G, E.
62	

will allow the standard percussion cap rifle to have the same increased performance as the musket, but without the larger musket cap nipple. When a standard #11 percussion cap is struck, the pressure sensitive sinoxid primer material explodes and a 6.53 cubic centimeter volume of 3,024-degree Fahrenheit gas roars down to the nipple base. Because of the tremendous heat and pressure, nipples wear out, but not all at the same rate. Standard heat-treated tool-grade steel, hardened bronze-alloy Ampco and heat-treated stainless steel are the common compositions used for nipples. Of the three, the stainless is the strongest. Some nipples are ported at the top to reduce pressure; some caps have higher temperatures (the #11 magnum percussion cap is advertised at 3,717 degrees Fahrenheit with a volume of 7.59 cc). While higher temperatures and volumes assist with ignition, they have the opposite effect on longevity. You will need to replace them in time. In fact, I change nipples on my hunting guns on an annual basis. Don’t be cheap, it may cost you a couple of bucks, but they are not the kind of bucks that grow antlers. Because the heat of ignition can change the flash channel in an in-line breech plug, or the nipple on an external percussion system, the flash channel needs to be kept open. There is an in-line tool that is becoming popular that uses a small drill bit for a breech plug cleaner (www.plugcleaner. com). This coupled with a tool that opens up the easily-plugged flash hole can be a
GAME	 NEWS


http://www.plugcleaner.com http://www.plugcleaner.com

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012

Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012
Whitetail Predation
Contents
Bill Zee’s Boone & Crockett Club River Bull
75 Whitetails
2011-12 Small Game/Furbearer Harvests
A New Atlas of the Nesting Birds of PA
A Question of Proof
Fifty-Year Quest for a Triple Trophy
Field Notes
Conservation News
Off the Wire
Another View
Fun Game
The Naturalist’s Eye
Straight from the Bowstring
Lock, Stock & Barrel
Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - Whitetail Predation
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - Bill Zee’s Boone & Crockett Club River Bull
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 4
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 5
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 6
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 7
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 8
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 75 Whitetails
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 10
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 11
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 12
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 13
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 14
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 2011-12 Small Game/Furbearer Harvests
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 16
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 17
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - A New Atlas of the Nesting Birds of PA
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 19
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 20
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 21
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 22
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 23
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - A Question of Proof
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 25
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 26
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 27
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 28
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 29
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - Fifty-Year Quest for a Triple Trophy
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 31
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 32
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - Field Notes
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 34
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 35
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 36
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 37
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - Conservation News
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 39
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 40
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 41
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 42
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 43
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 44
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 45
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 46
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - Off the Wire
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - Another View
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 49
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - Fun Game
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - The Naturalist’s Eye
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 52
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 53
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 54
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - Straight from the Bowstring
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 56
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 57
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 58
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - Lock, Stock & Barrel
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 60
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 61
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 62
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - 63
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - BB1
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - BB2
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2012 - Cover4
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