Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 62

When bullets other than roundballs
are cast, you may find it desirable to
alloy the lead with metals such as tin
and antimony. This requires a precision
tool, such as a hardness tester, which
range in price from $36 to almost
$100. A lead thermometer would also
be critical for measuring optimum
casting temperatures for production.
Casting thermometers measure from
200 to 1,000 degrees, and they range
in price from about $30 to $50. Another important addition to your lead
alloy mix is the fluxing agent. Beeswax
and paraffin are two old standbys, but
other more high-tech products, such as
Brownell’s Marvelux Casting Flux, help
keep the tin and antimony in the correct proportion to lead. Flux products
generally run under $10 but are well
worth the price.
While lead is generally available
from inexpensive sources, it is sometimes desirable to purchase the ingots
that are already mixed to the correct
proportion. Alloy ingots that weigh
about seven pounds, usually command
about $10.
Cast Bullet Production
The first step in the casting proce-

dure is to bring the lead up to the production temperature of the lead or lead/
alloy melting point. Pure lead needs a
production temperature of about 750
degrees, the alloys between 750 and
850 degrees. It may take 20 minutes to
bring the lead up to temperature before
you are ready to cast.
The second step is to degrease and
smoke the molds. The mold always
needs to be cleaned of grease and oil or
wrinkles will occur in the cast bullets.
This is easily accomplished with denatured alcohol or a can of ether starting
fluid. At this point, the cleaned and
dry mold needs to be “smoked.” This
means that a layer of carbon needs to
be applied to the inside of the cavity
to facilitate the lead dropping from
the mold.
Smoking the surface of the aluminum or iron mold provides an insulating surface that slows down the freezing
of the molten lead. You can accomplish
this smoking process with soot from
a butane lighter, or applying a mold
spray like Mold Prep or Action Magic
II. It is important that the sprue cutter hinge and sprue cutter surface are
also lubed or smoked so that they can
function with the least lead sticking.

DON THOMAN, center, got this elk
in Clearfield County last year. The
9x8 bull’s estimated live weight was
840 pounds. LARRY THOMAN, left
accompanied Don, as did LARRY
GUENOT on the right. GEORGE NICE,
JR., Sweet Valley, got his gobbler last
spring at Ricketts Glen State Park in
Luzerne County.

62	

GAME	 NEWS



Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013

Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013
Contents
Another Doorstep
Whitetail Predation
Pymatuning and Conneaut
Grinnin’ a Gobbler
Want to Be a Successful Turkey Hunter?
One for Officer Grove
Pennsylvania Otters — A Success Story
Kestrel Numbers Climb at SGL 205
From the Field
Field Notes
Conservation News
Making a Difference
What Should I Be Doing This Month?
Off the Wire
Another View
The Naturalist’s Eye
Straight from the Bowstring
Lock, Stock & Barrel
Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Another Doorstep
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Whitetail Predation
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Pymatuning and Conneaut
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 5
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 6
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 7
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 8
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 9
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 10
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Grinnin’ a Gobbler
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 12
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Want to Be a Successful Turkey Hunter?
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 14
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 15
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - One for Officer Grove
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 17
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 18
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Pennsylvania Otters — A Success Story
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 20
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 21
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 22
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 23
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Kestrel Numbers Climb at SGL 205
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 25
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - From the Field
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 27
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Field Notes
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 29
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 30
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 31
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 32
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 33
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 34
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Conservation News
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 36
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 37
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 38
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 39
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 40
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 41
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 42
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 43
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Making a Difference
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - What Should I Be Doing This Month?
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Off the Wire
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Another View
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 48
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 49
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - The Naturalist’s Eye
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 51
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 52
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 53
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Straight from the Bowstring
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 55
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 56
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 57
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Lock, Stock & Barrel
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 59
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 60
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 61
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 62
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 63
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - BB1
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - BB2
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Cover4
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