Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 7

quicksand-like mud claimed them. So
fences were important to mark and
maintain one’s possessions. When
weather cooperated — no flooding,
the farmers grew bumper crops in the
fertile swampland. When their farms
were flooded, the losses were often
insufferable.
The fascination with Pymatuning
stemmed from its vastness, impenetrability and legendary richness in natural
resources. Whether it was fish, furbearers, big game or passenger pigeons,
salt or medicinal plants, blueberries,
cranberries or other soft mast, Native
Americans and frontiersmen were
drawn to it. But its shores were the edge
of civilization. And for every person
willing to wade into it, there were
probably another 20 who wouldn’t.
But the lure of money pulled some in
grudgingly.
Passenger pigeons used the swamp
region to support their transient
lifestyle. It provided the birds — now
extinct — everything from food and
overnight shelter to nursery grounds in
wooded areas. Harold D. Lowing, wrote
in his 1917 The Pymatuning Swamp,
“…blue pigeons with their long tails
were once so thick here that flying
in large flocks, they darkened the sky.
In the night, they kept the woods resounding with their unceasing activity.
They would roost so thickly upon the
hemlock bows that these bows would
break as continuously as the firing of a
regiment.”
What would become impossible
for passenger pigeons as well as other
denizens of Pymatuning’s wooded areas,
would be the loss of habitat — namely
trees. When the ax took the great
swamp’s trees, it took its long-lived boreal character, too. As George Sutton
APRIL  2013 

noted in his 1928 Birds  of  Pymatuning Swamp and Conneaut Lake, 
Crawford  County,  Pennsylvania,
“When the northern forms recede,
it seems they do not reappear.”
A point reaffirmed in the The 
Future  of  the  Ecology  of  Pymatuning Swamp, written in 1934 by M.
Graham Netting and William R.
Van Dersal. “The most continuous
influence affecting the biota of Pymatuning has been the more or less
constant deforestation which has
taken place. It should be noted that
deforestation in a boreal region not
only affects animals and plants directly by destroying their habitats,
but that it also tends to produce
drier and warmer ground…”
Pymatuning and Conneaut
Marsh have always been natural
relief valves for flooding waters. For
centuries, these sprawling wetlands
have soaked up — to the point of
inundation — the flooding waters
that spilled out of the banks of the
Shenango River. Their service has
kept other low-lying places high
and dry during periods of excessive
rain or spring thaw. This intrinsic
value sometimes had been lost
when discussions about draining
and developing these swamps has
came up. Today, they are protected,
because they are owned by the
Pennsylvania Game Commission,
and state and federal laws protect
most wetlands and wet areas. And
it’s good they do. Since, colonial times, Pennsylvania — and
America — has lost more than 50
percent of its wetlands.
As Erie grew and became a port
for the region, it became important
to develop transportation routes to
7



Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013

Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013
Contents
Another Doorstep
Whitetail Predation
Pymatuning and Conneaut
Grinnin’ a Gobbler
Want to Be a Successful Turkey Hunter?
One for Officer Grove
Pennsylvania Otters — A Success Story
Kestrel Numbers Climb at SGL 205
From the Field
Field Notes
Conservation News
Making a Difference
What Should I Be Doing This Month?
Off the Wire
Another View
The Naturalist’s Eye
Straight from the Bowstring
Lock, Stock & Barrel
Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Another Doorstep
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Whitetail Predation
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Pymatuning and Conneaut
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 5
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 6
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 7
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 8
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 9
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 10
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Grinnin’ a Gobbler
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 12
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Want to Be a Successful Turkey Hunter?
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 14
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 15
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - One for Officer Grove
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 17
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 18
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Pennsylvania Otters — A Success Story
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 20
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 21
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 22
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 23
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Kestrel Numbers Climb at SGL 205
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 25
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - From the Field
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 27
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Field Notes
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 29
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 30
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 31
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 32
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 33
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 34
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Conservation News
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 36
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 37
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 38
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 39
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 40
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 41
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 42
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 43
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Making a Difference
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - What Should I Be Doing This Month?
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Off the Wire
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Another View
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 48
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 49
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - The Naturalist’s Eye
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 51
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 52
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 53
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Straight from the Bowstring
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 55
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 56
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 57
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Lock, Stock & Barrel
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 59
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 60
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 61
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 62
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 63
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - BB1
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - BB2
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Cover4
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