Pennsylvania Game News - November 2013 - 60

Lock, Stock & Barrel
By Jim Romanelli

Understanding the Shotgun

M

ANY times I run across someone
who is just beginning to learn
about shotgun shooting. You can always tell, by the uncomfortable stance,
the growing frustration as they miss
clay bird after clay bird. I just can't let
someone flounder and learn the hard
way, so I tend to walk over, introduce
myself and ask if I could show them
some simple basics, to make hitting
those clay birds a little easier.
There's nothing like watching
someone's ecstatic reaction when they
center that first clay bird. After dusting
a couple more, the frustration turns to
eagerness and the apprehension melts
to confidence. Initially I find that many
beginners are given too much, or too
little gun. By that I mean they are using
a shotgun that doesn't come close to
fitting them, or has too much recoil, or
one with very little recoil, but throws
too little shot.
Hunters need to balance the power
needed to bag the game, with the shot
60

size/density of the pattern needed to
ensure enough hits, at a certain distance. To do this we need to understand
the simple basics of how a shotgun is
built to perform. So let's take a look.
Gauge
I'm sure that everyone has heard the
word "gauge" and knows it is a measurement. In the shotgun world, gauge is
determined by how many round lead
balls, that are the diameter of the inside
of the barrel, it takes to make a pound.
For a 10-gauge it would be 10, 12-gauge
is 12, and so on, except for the .410
which is measured by caliber (as with
rifle and pistol bullets).
Today shotgun shells for 12-, 16-,
20- and 28-gauge measure 2¾ inches
long for standard field rounds. There
is a 3-inch magnum for the 20, and
3- and 3½-inch magnums for the
12-gauge. The .410 can be had in 2½or 3-inch shells. If you are thinking of
buying a box of the longer magnum
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Pennsylvania Game News - November 2013

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Game News - November 2013

Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2013 - Cover1
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2013 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2013 - Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2013 - 2
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2013 - 3
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2013 - 4
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2013 - 5
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2013 - 6
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2013 - 7
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2013 - 8
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2013 - 9
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Pennsylvania Game News - November 2013 - 11
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Pennsylvania Game News - November 2013 - 14
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2013 - 15
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2013 - 16
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Pennsylvania Game News - November 2013 - 19
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2013 - 20
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2013 - 21
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2013 - 22
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2013 - 23
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2013 - 24
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2013 - 25
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2013 - 26
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2013 - 27
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2013 - 28
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2013 - 29
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2013 - 30
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Pennsylvania Game News - November 2013 - 33
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Pennsylvania Game News - November 2013 - 36
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2013 - 37
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2013 - 38
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2013 - 39
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2013 - 40
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2013 - 41
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Pennsylvania Game News - November 2013 - 50
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Pennsylvania Game News - November 2013 - BB1
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2013 - BB2
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2013 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Game News - November 2013 - Cover4
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