Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 6

State Game Lands 314

A treasure along Lake Erie's southern shore

By LMO Shane Hoachlander

S

TATE Game Lands 314, locally
known as the "Steel Lands," the
USX property or the Roderick Wildlife Reserve, is located in the extreme
northwest corner of the state, bordering Ohio and Lake Erie. Industrialist
Andrew Carnegie purchased this
property around the turn of the 20th
century with the vision of developing
a modern steel mill on the site.
Heralded as one of the best woodcock areas in the northeast United
States, the area was purchased from
USX Corp. in 1991 with the help of the
Western Pennsylvania Conservancy
and the Richard King Mellon Foundation. This site constitutes the largest
undeveloped section of shoreline along
Lake Erie's southern boundary. The
entire 3,495-acre tract is in Springfield
Township, Erie County.
Historically, much of the area
was farmland with most of the farms
having been abandoned in the 1940s
and 1950s because of perpetual wet
field conditions. These fields reverted,
6

initially to shrubs, then to pole timber
dominated by red maple.
The area is traversed by two major
drainages. Turkey Creek and its many
small branches drain the western
portion, while Raccoon Creek flows
through the eastern section. Both
drainages support steelhead that enter
the streams from Lake Erie to breed.
The game lands and surrounding area
are generally flat, with the exception
of the area adjacent to Raccoon Creek
and the unique Lake Erie shoreline
bluffs that also serve as nesting sites for
colonies of bank swallows.
About 50 percent of the game lands
is wetlands. Much of the area has the
water table at or near the surface during wet periods of the year. This high
percentage of wetlands has a dramatic
effect on habitat management, because
it limits equipment accessibility.
Most of the game lands is forested
with a large percentage in pole-timber
stage. Pole timber generally provides
low value wildlife habitat, because it
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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014

Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - Intro
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - Cover1
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 2
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 3
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 4
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 5
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 6
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 7
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 8
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 9
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 10
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 11
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 12
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 13
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 14
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 15
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 16
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 17
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 18
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 19
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 20
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 21
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 22
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 23
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 24
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 25
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 26
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 27
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 28
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 29
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 30
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 31
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 32
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 33
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 34
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 35
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 36
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 37
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 38
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 39
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 40
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 41
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 42
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 43
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 44
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 45
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 46
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 47
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 48
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 49
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 50
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 51
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 52
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 53
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 54
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 55
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 56
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 57
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 58
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 59
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 60
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 61
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 62
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 63
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - 64
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - BB1
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - BB2
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Game News - May 2014 - Cover4
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