Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 30

Denning for Data: Black bear cubs are born the second
week of January. During their first 8 weeks, cubs will
nearly double in size every other week and weigh 4 to
5 pounds by mid-March. In Pennsylvania, most adult
females have their first litter at age 3, and then every
other year thereafter. Average litter size is typically
three cubs, and sex ratios are close to even. However,
reproductive statistics can vary with habitat quality and
the sow's body condition. These data, particularly the
age when sows first reproduce, can influence greatly the
growth of a bear population, and consequently harvest limits in hunted populations. That's why most bear-management programs monitor reproductive statistics
by examining sows in their winter dens. Detecting a change in reproduction warns
managers that a population may be approaching the habitat's carrying capacity, that habitat or body condition is changing, or that harvest levels need to be
adjusted. Ear-tagging newborn cubs also provides a way to calculate survival
and dispersal as tags are recovered later - usually through harvest. To find winter
dens, a sample of sows are fitted with radio-collars; each collar emits its own
frequency that leads biologists to dens. During a visit, cubs are counted, weighed
and ear-tagged, the sow gets a general physical, and the radio-collar is readjusted
for fit or replaced. Most radio-collars last about four years. A visit takes about
45 minutes. Den visits are conducted in March; any sooner and the cubs are too
small to ear tag, and any later, the sow becomes increasingly prone to fleeing
when approached. Currently, about 35 sows with cubs are radio-collared across
three study areas in the state, representing three different physiographic regions.
In the past 45 years of den visits, agency biologists have tagged over 1,900 cubs.
- Mark Ternent, Black Bear Biologist
Seventeen years and 5,700 deer: This year marks the
17th consecutive year that agency deer biologists and
biologist aides have gone afield to capture whitetails across
Pennsylvania. This year, we expect to surpass the 5,700 deercaptured mark. For every captured deer, hours are spent carrying
equipment and bait, setting traps, waiting hours in blinds and
tree stands, and finally restraining and handling deer. This work
rarely occurs under ideal weather conditions. Rather, the typical
field season starts out cold, snowy and icy and ends with wet mud
in late March and April. Despite these challenges, this fieldwork
provides important information on deer survival and movements.
30



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016

Table of Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - Intro
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - Cover1
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - a
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - b
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - c
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - d
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - Table of Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 2
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 3
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 4
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 5
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 6
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 7
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 8
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 9
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 10
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 11
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 12
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 13
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 14
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 15
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 16
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 17
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 18
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 19
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 20
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 21
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 22
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 23
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 24
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 25
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 26
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 27
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 28
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 29
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 30
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 31
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 32
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 33
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 34
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 35
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 36
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 37
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 38
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 39
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 40
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 41
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 42
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 43
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 44
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 45
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 46
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 47
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 48
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 49
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 50
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 51
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 52
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 53
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 54
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 55
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 56
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 57
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 58
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 59
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 60
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 61
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 62
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 63
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 64
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 65
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2016 - 66
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202109
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202108
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202107
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202106
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202105
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202104
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202103
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202102
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202101
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202009
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202008
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202007
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202006
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202005
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202004
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202003
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202002
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202001
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201912
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201911
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201909
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201908
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201907
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201906
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201905
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201904
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201903
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201902
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201901
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201812
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201811
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201810
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201809
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201808
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201807
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201806
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201805
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201804
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201803
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201802
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201801
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201712
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201711
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201710
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201709
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201708
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201707
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201706
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201705
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201704
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201703
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201702
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201701
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201612
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201611
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201610
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201609
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201608
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201607
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201606
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201605
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201604
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201603
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201602
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201601
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201512
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201511
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201510
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201509
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201508
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201507
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201506
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201505
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201504
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201503
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201502
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201501
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201412
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201411
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201410
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201409
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201408
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201407
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201406
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201405
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201404
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201403
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201402
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201401
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201312
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201311
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201310
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201309
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201308
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201307
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201306
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201305
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201304
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201303
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201302
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201301
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201212
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201211
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201210
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201209
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201208
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201207
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201206
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201205
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201204
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201203
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201202
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201201
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201112
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201111
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201110
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201109
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201108
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201107
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201106
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201105
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201104
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201103
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201102
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201101
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201009
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201008
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201007
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201006
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201005
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201004
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201003
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201002
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201001
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200912
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200911
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200909
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200908
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200907
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200906
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200905
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200904
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200903
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200902
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/annualreport2008
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200901
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200812
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200811
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200810
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200809
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com