Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 49

this heavily forested region, which areas are most important to these and other
forest birds? What specific habitat features do these areas possess? Penn State
researchers are investigating these questions with support from a Game Commission State Wildlife Grant. Data obtained during the Second Atlas of Breeding
Birds in Pennsylvania provide a good foundation for answering these questions at
a broad scale. By supplementing atlas data with thousands of additional bird and
vegetation surveys across central Pennsylvania, the researchers aim to describe
the habitat characteristics associated with high bird abundance and diversity. For
example, forest stands vary in their tree and shrub composition, amount of canopy
and understory cover, number of snags, amount of downed woody debris and
numerous other characteristics. Study results will inform habitat management,
including practices that help maintain areas of high-quality habitat or enhance
lower-quality areas. - Nate Zalik, Wildlife Diversity Grants Coordinator
Chestnut Connection: The Allegheny woodrat is a habitat specialist that inhabits rock outcrops, talus slopes, boulder fields, caves, and abandoned mines in
Pennsylvania's mountainous regions. Its historic range once covered 14 eastern
states. Habitat loss and fragmentation have contributed to its extirpation from
three states and being listed as threatened or endangered in at least five others.
A threatened species in Pennsylvania, this dietary generalist eats an incredible
variety of leaves, flowers, nuts, fruits, seeds and fungi. Nuts of American chestnut
were a staple - perhaps the most-important food item - in the diet of woodrats.
But chestnut blight, a disease unwittingly introduced from Asia, by 1940 eliminated millions of acres of chestnut forest in the eastern United States. Loss of
chestnuts likely led to a massive collapse of woodrat populations, which now
are hanging on in scattered pockets of just a few individuals. Preventing woodrats from becoming endangered requires us to intervene by improving habitat.
Game Commission staff have been using chainsaws and herbicides to promote
important food plants for woodrats, including blackberry, elderberry, blueberry,
wild currant, grape, cherry, oak, and various herbaceous plants. In addition,
we have been planting American chestnut seedlings, which can produce seed
in as few as 10 years. Since 2014, over 450 American chestnut seedlings have
been planted statewide at woodrat sites on state game lands
and state parks. Conservation partners at Indiana
University of Pennsylvania (IUP) acquired these
seedlings, which have been bred to attempt to create
a blight-resistant strain of chestnut. Over the
next three years, IUP researchers will measure
and monitor the planted seedlings for survival and
height growth. The eastern United States likely
will never have the vast chestnut-dominated forests
it once did, but these small planting efforts might help
restore a small piece of that former glory, and literally might help prevent
a species from being extirpated.
- Justin Vreeland, Wildlife Management Supervisor, Southcentral Region
SEPTEMBER 2016	

49



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016

Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - Intro
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - Cover1
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 2
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 3
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 4
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 5
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 6
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 7
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 8
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 9
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 10
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 11
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 12
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 13
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 14
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 15
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 16
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 17
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 18
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 19
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 20
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 21
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 22
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 23
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 24
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 25
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 26
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 27
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 28
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 29
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 30
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 31
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 32
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 33
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 34
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 35
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 36
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 37
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 38
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 39
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 40
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 41
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 42
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 43
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 44
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 45
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 46
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 47
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 48
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 49
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 50
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 51
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 52
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 53
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 54
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 55
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 56
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 57
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 58
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 59
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 60
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 61
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 62
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 63
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - 64
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2016 - Cover4
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