Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 4

U.S. Depatment of Agriculture

The most recognized EHD vector in North America is the Culicoides sonorensis midge,
pictured here. However, this midge isn't believed to be the principal carrier of the EHDV
6 strain, which turned up in Pennsylvania for the first time in 2017. There are plenty of
questions about which of the more than 1,000 midge species contribute to the spread
of EHD. And it's difficult to estimate EHD deer losses because confirmation that the
virus caused a deer's death requires testing within about 24 hours. But symptoms, like
pink eyes and gums, and the presence of lesions, provide clues of EHD's presence.

and rapidly become unsuitable for testing in the summer heat.
Deer that have recently died from
EHD might exhibit noticeable signs,
in particular, pink eyes and pink gums.
They also might have lesions.
But sometimes signs are subtle.
Agency game wardens attributed deer
with these symptoms and others to
EHD. Many deer, however, had decomposed beyond the point where these
indicators couldn't be seen.
Consequently, there's always some
degree of estimation in any deer mortality assessment of a Pennsylvania EHD
outbreak.

EHD OUTBREAKS
EHD infections and mortality occur
every year within the southeastern
United States, where midges and hem4

orrhagic viruses are well established.
The farther south, the more frequent
the outbreaks. But mortality tends to
be lower than in Pennsylvania, because
deer in the South are more resistant to
the virus, likely because of their lengthy
coexistence with the Culicoides midges
that carry it.
There is a complex interaction
among the EHD virus, its vector, host
and the environment.
In some areas of the South, viruses
circulate all the time and there's little
or no mortality. In other areas farther
north, there might be outbreaks every
couple years, but when they occur,
mortality is often relatively low.
In the North, there might be outbreaks every five or so years, but mortality is high.
Yeck, who has dealt with outbreaks
in Beaver County three times since



Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018

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Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - Cover1
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - Contents
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Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - Cover4
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