Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 6

During outbreaks, deer with EHD
also might be drawn to water because
of fever. Some even drown, because
they haven't the strength to leave or
keep their heads up.
During Beaver County's 2007 and
2012 EHD outbreaks, deer frequently
were found in creek bottoms and farm
ponds, Yeck noted. But in 2017, they
were everywhere, from rural areas to
even in towns.
However, whitetail mortality to
EHD rapidly ends with the first hard
frost, which generally kills the diseasecarrying midges.

MIDGE MATTERS

Coy Hill

Fieldwork has the Culicoides midges
that carry EHD and similar blue tongue
(BT) viruses showing up in new places
more and more.
But there are over 1,000 midge species and there's a very limited knowledge on their ranges and population
dynamics, and about which midge
species carry the EHD virus.
There are no definitive answers to
Pennsylvania's sporadic - but cyclical
- outbreaks, because they've been so
isolated and uncommon.
EHD is contracted by female Culicoides midges when they ingest the
blood of an infected animal. It's spread
when those midges feed on another
susceptible host. The virus cannot be
spread by deer-to-deer contact.
The most recognized EHD vector
in North America is Culicoides sonorensis, according to the Southeastern
Cooperative Wildlife Disease Study at
the University of Georgia, which has
monitored the nation's wildlife health
and diseases since 1957.
However, this midge isn't believed to
6

be the principal carrier of the EHDV 6
strain, which turned up in Pennsylvania
for the first time in 2017.
That vector has yet to be identified,
but is suspected to be another species
of Culicoides.
Deer that contract EHD have weakness, reluctance to move, or a lack of
awareness of surroundings.
The virus eventually finds its way
into the bloodstream, damaging tissues
and blood vessels, which begin to leak,
causing internal bleeding.
The disease can kill quickly, progressing rapidly over a few days. But
in some cases, it can take one to two
weeks, even months. The disease, however, is not 100 percent fatal.
Kramer talked of an EHD-stricken
buck he handled in the 2012 outbreak
in Beaver County.
"It was a large buck in the middle of
U.S. Route 30," he recalled. "I had to
lead him off the road by the ear."
Yeck found a doe standing in a creek
with its head resting on the bank. The
deer never moved as he approached it.
"It was oblivious to what was going
on around it," Yeck recalled.
Localized outbreaks have limited
the impacts of hemorrhagic disease
on Pennsylvania whitetails, explained
Christopher Rosenberry, supervisor of
the Game Commission's Deer and Elk
Section.
Even in wildlife management units
that contain areas where outbreaks
occurred, the deer population at the
larger, WMU-level was not affected,
even though some locales experienced
losses.
"After last year's outbreak, we
detected no changes in regional deer
populations or antlerless deer harvest success," Rosenberry explained.



Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018

Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - Cover1
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 2
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 3
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 4
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 5
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Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 7
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Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 11
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Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 16
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Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 20
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 21
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 22
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Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 25
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 26
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 27
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Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 30
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Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - Cover4
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