Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 8

EHD in Pennsylvania
In 1996, EHD was suspected to have killed
about 25 deer in Adams County, but test
results in that case were inconclusive.
EHD first was confirmed in Pennsylvania
in 2002, when an outbreak caused the death
of an estimated 70 deer in Greene and Washington counties.
A 2007 EHD outbreak was labeled Pennsylvania's and the nation's worst. It occurred in
15 southwestern and southcentral Pennsylvania counties. While no EHD mortality estimate
could be found for Pennsylvania, more than
65,000 deer were suspected or confirmed to
have died from EHD or blue tongue in southeastern, Mid-Atlantic and midwestern states,
according to the Southeastern Cooperative
Wildlife Disease Study (SCWDS).
After the 2007 EHD outbreak, SCWDS
reported that America could be dealing with
the introduction of new viruses, genetic
changes in existing viruses, the introduction
of new vectors, range expansion by existing
vectors, transmission by established, but currently unrecognized vectors, and changes in
all of the climatic and land-use factors that
can influence vector/host relationships.
A 2012 Pennsylvania EHD outbreak had
a reported deer mortality estimate of 1,500
to 2,000. In it, deer died from the virus in
Allegheny, Beaver, Crawford, Cumberland,
Montgomery and Westmoreland counties.
In North America, there are three subtypes of epizootic hemorrhagic disease (EHDV
1, 2 and 6), according to the SCWDS. EHD first
was identified in 1955; blue tongue in 1968.
But whitetail die-offs consistent with EHD or

hard on those folks."
Yeck reported that many Beaver
County hunters told him they planned
to hunt only bucks last fall. They
wanted to do their part to help the deer
herd.
But both officers reported deer numbers in Beaver County still were decent
after last summer's outbreak, even in
affected locales. And after hunting
seasons closed, deer over time seemed
to redistribute themselves into outbreak
areas, primarily because the areas had
8

TRACKING EHD

If you see deer acting unusual, that look
sick or are found dead, contact the nearest
Game Commission region office as soon as
possible. The agency will investigate reports
and can collect samples from deer to test
for EHD.
blue tongue were reported as early as 1886.
Historically, EHD outbreaks in Pennsylvania were associated with EHDV 2. During
2017, this trend continued with one exception: EHDV 6 was confirmed in deer that died
in Chester County. This is the first detection
of EHDV 6 in Pennsylvania.
However, neutralizing antibodies to EHDV
6 were detected as early as 2000 in whitetails
in southern states, suggesting that the virus
may have circulated undetected in the U.S.
prior to 2006, when it first was detected,
according to research by Aaron N. Hecht at
the University of Georgia.
An evolutionary historical analysis of
EHDV 6 strains from the United States, South
Africa, Guadeloupe, Australia and Bahrain
suggests the EHDV 6 from the United States
is most closely related to an EHD strain first
identified in Australia in 1981, according to
The First 10 Years (2006-15) of Epizootic
Hemorrhagic Disease Virus Serotype 6 in the
USA, authored by SCWDS's Mark G. Ruder and
co-authors for the Journal of Wildlife Diseases
in October 2017.
Since its discovery, EHDV 6 has turned up
annually in passive surveillance testing of
ruminants by the SCWDS and National Veterinary Services Laboratories (NVSL).

great habitat and there were vacancies,
Kramer said.
Thankfully, the outbreak would disappear as quickly as it surfaced.
But dealing with EHD deer last fall
profoundly influenced Kramer and
Yeck.
"They were like zombies; I'll never
forget it," Yeck said.
Kramer had put down so many deer,
he couldn't go deer hunting.
"I was seeing them in my sleep,"
he said.



Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018

Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - Cover1
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 2
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 3
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 4
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 5
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 6
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 7
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 8
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 9
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 10
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 11
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 12
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 13
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 14
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 15
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 16
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 17
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 18
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 19
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 20
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 21
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 22
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 23
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 24
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 25
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 26
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 27
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 28
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 29
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 30
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 31
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 32
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 33
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 34
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 35
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 36
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 37
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 38
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 39
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 40
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 41
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Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 60
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 61
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 62
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 63
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - 64
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Game News - August 2018 - Cover4
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