Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 20

wasn't done bleeding.

CHESTNUT BLIGHT
The chestnut blight - caused by an Asiatic fungus that surfaced in the Bronx Zoo
in 1904 - struck Pennsylvania through
its southeastern counties around 1908.
Within four years, it had spread through
Ridge and Valley counties, as well as deep
into the Poconos.
The blight hit at a time when the value
of chestnut was high, particularly to utilities and industries that needed hardwood.
It was preferred for making telephone and
telegraph poles and railroad ties, and was
used regularly in tanneries.
The American chestnut provided a
great fall mast crop and its susceptibility
to tree cavities aided in creating dens for
everything from gray squirrels to black
bears. Just as important to wildlife was
the tree's ability to outcompete other
trees in re-establishing forest on clearcuts,
immediately helping to provide cover and,
within five years, mast.
"The value of the standing chestnut
stock today in America is enormous,"
Gov. John K. Tener said in his opening
remarks at the Feb. 12, 1912 Conference
for Preventing the Spread of the Chestnut
Tree Bark Disease. "In Pennsylvania
alone, the wild chestnut tree is found
native throughout the state, and in its
southern counties is the principal remaining forest tree."
But by 1922, the "curse," as some officials called it, had reached every corner of
Penn's Woods.
Almost every chestnut with a wound or
growth crack in its bark succumbed to the

disease. The time of towering chestnuts
was over.

MORE THAN TREES

What happened in Pennsylvania, also
happened in most other eastern and midwestern states. Then lumber companies
went south and cleaned out mature pine
stands wherever they appeared and landowners were willing. The West followed,
right up to the spotted owl controversy
in 1990.
Wherever the wood industry went, it
quickly changed habitat and had a profound impact on animal communities,
particularly species dependent on mature,
unbroken expanses of forestland.
Early in the 20th century, Pennsylvania's largely barren, stump-studded landscape left few hiding places for whitetails
and black bears, wolves and mountain
lions. Big-woods species such as gray and
fox squirrels, wild turkeys, raccoons and
fishers also suffered, many often existing
on islands of habitat in farm country, in the
few deep hollows loggers passed up, or
on properties where landowners refused
to sell their trees.
"At the lumber museum, we assume
that market hunting and the state's
expanding population had at least as big
an impact - if not bigger - on the health of
wildlife as the lumber industry," emphasized Roth.
The assumption seems a sound one.
Deforestation, population expansion and
market hunting - even unregulated hunting - all played a role in the decline of
Penn's Woods' wild resources.
Pennsylvania in its entirety was never

While the felling of forests in the mid-to-late 1800s often was a function of demand, the rampant
destruction and recognition a stripped landscape offered little protection against fire, floods and
drought didn't go unnoticed, as shown in this 1888 political cartoon by Joseph Ferdinand Keppler.

20



Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020

Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - Intro
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - Cover1
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 2
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 3
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 4
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 5
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 6
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 7
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 8
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Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 10
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Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 14
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 15
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 16
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Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 18
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 19
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 20
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 21
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 22
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 23
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 24
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 25
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 26
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 27
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 28
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 29
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 30
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 31
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 32
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 33
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 34
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 35
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 36
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 37
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 38
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 39
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 40
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 41
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 42
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 43
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Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 49
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Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 53
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 54
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 55
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Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 57
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 58
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Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 60
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 61
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 62
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 63
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 64
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - Cover4
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