Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 23

JUNE 2020

needed the CCC's helping hand to reestablish trees on the landscape.
By 1936, there were 100 state game
lands in 52 counties and they covered
more than 500,000 acres. It was a huge
boon for Commonwealth conservation,
wildlife and hunters. Those game lands
provided the protections new forests
needed to grow and mature, that forest
denizens needed to flourish, that Pennsylvanians sought for hunting, hiking
and trapping.
But for as much forest security as the
Game Commission provided through
its land acquisitions, the Department of
Forests and Waters had accomplished
even more. Together, they had developed
a revolutionary one-two punch that was
securing and re-establishing Penn's
Woods, parcel by parcel.
In 1935, the federal government established the Howard Nursery in Centre
County for the production of seedlings,
which offered a great boost to an already
aggressive program to restore woodlands.
The nursery would become a Game Commission facility in 1953.
Two years later, the Pittman-Robertson
Federal Aid in Wildlife Restoration
Act became law; it charged an excise
tax on sporting arms and ammunition,
then distributed the money among state
wildlife-management agencies for use in
conservation projects. It would become
a godsend for acquiring - and ultimately
protecting - more than 185,000 acres of
Pennsylvania, much of it forested. Pittman-Robertson funds also soon became
important in financing cuttings to improve
wildlife habitat on game lands.
The interest in hunting that would
follow soldiers' return from World War
II would push license sales and Pittman-Robertson funds to heights never

23

Nicholas A. Tonelli, CC BY 2.0

on the concept initiated by Rothrock a
couple of decades earlier: buying cut-over
properties - as well as mined lands. The
Game Commission's focus leaned heavily on establishing or protecting wildlife
habitat, particularly areas that offered
hunting opportunities.
In 1923, as the Game Commission and
Department of Forests and Waters - an
outgrowth of the Department of Forestry
created in 1923 - actively sought private
land holdings to convert into public lands,
Penn's Woods got another break: the
Allegheny National Forest was purchased
by the U.S. Forest Service.
Much of this national forest's more
than 500,000 acres in Forest, Warren,
Elk and McKean counties was barren,
but there were forested pockets here and
there. One of the most prominent would
become Hearts Content National Scenic
Area in Warren County - one of those
few places that offers a glimpse of how
Pennsylvania's virgin forests looked.
Into the 1930s, fire was a constant
threat to Penn's toppled forests. So much
forest-fodder-fuel littered timbered sites,
all it took was a spark for catastrophe to
strike. Education, sparked by Smokey
Bear, in the 1940s helped the U.S. Forest
Service spread the word about careless
campfires and thrown cigarettes.
During the Great Depression, the
Civilian Conservation Corps, Works
Progress Administration and National
Youth Administration planted 3 billion trees, many in Penn's recuperating
woods. Nicknamed President Franklin
Roosevelt's "tree army," hundreds of thousands of young men in the CCC worked
in camps throughout the state from 1933
to the start of World War II.
Although new forests were started in
many areas, there were other places that



Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020

Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - Intro
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - Cover1
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 2
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 3
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 4
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 5
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 6
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 7
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 8
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 9
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 10
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 11
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 12
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 13
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 14
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 15
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 16
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 17
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 18
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 19
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 20
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 21
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 22
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 23
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 24
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 25
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 26
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 27
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 28
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 29
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 30
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 31
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 32
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 33
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 34
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 35
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 36
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 37
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 38
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 39
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 40
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 41
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 42
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 43
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 44
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 45
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 46
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 47
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 48
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 49
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 50
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 51
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 52
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 53
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 54
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 55
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 56
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 57
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 58
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 59
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 60
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 61
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 62
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 63
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - 64
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2020 - Cover4
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