Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 18

squirrel season in mid-September will
result in hunter participation and squirrel
harvests like in the 1980s, it will provide
young hunters plenty of chances to get
out there, before deer season, including
during daylight hours after school.
Many surrounding states offer similarly timed seasons, and the Game Commission will be closely examining the
impacts the changes have on squirrel
populations and participation by hunters.

SUMMER BREEDING
With a mid-October start, squirrel
season opened well after breeding ended
and when young were on their own. An
earlier start could overlap the end of the
breeding season, when some females
still might be lactating or have dependent
young - a concern for hunters and nonhunters alike.
But research has indicated minimal
effects of an earlier season on squirrel
populations.
Gray, red and fox squirrels all are diestrus, meaning they can breed up to two
times per year. Peaks in summer breeding
activity are thought to occur from May to
July, whereas peaks in winter breeding
might occur during January and February,
although these timeframes vary somewhat
by squirrel species.
The gestation period for squirrels is
45 days, and newborn gray squirrels
are dependent on maternal care for 8 to
10 weeks. For fox squirrels, it's 8 to 12
weeks.
But research suggests fewer female
squirrels are taken in the fall season, and
one study estimated the percent of lactating females in the early-season harvest
was low - accounting for 0.5 percent to
2.8 percent of overall harvest.
Given the high annual mortality for
squirrels - 50 percent - the harvest of
18

lactating squirrels is unlikely to have any
meaningful biological impact on squirrel
populations, the study concluded.
Other studies have shown more male
than female gray squirrels are harvested
in fall, which is attributed to lactating
females remaining closer to nests, limiting
the chance they'll be shot.
While the likelihood of a hunter harvesting a lactating female this September
might be low, the Game Commission will
be examining the prevalence of lactating females in the season's harvest, and
otherwise monitoring the effects an earlier
start has on squirrel populations.

WARBLES
With an earlier season, there's also a
greater chance that hunters will harvest
squirrels with warbles, which show up as
visible bumps beneath the hide. They're
not harmful to hunters or squirrels, but
they can be unsightly, and there's a concern squirrels with warbles will be left to
waste even though they're safe to handle
and eat.
A warble is the larva of the botfly, or
warblefly. It burrows under a squirrel's
skin after hatching and grows into a typically dark-colored grub about an inch long
and one-half to three-quarters of an inch
wide. As each warble develops, it cuts an
air hole through the skin from which it
will exit and drop to the ground, where
it will pupate and eventually emerge as
an adult fly.
Warbles usually appear as bald lumps
or swollen areas on or under a squirrel's
hide. Squirrels can have as many as five
warbles at one time, usually on their front
half: on the back, around the neck or on
the front legs.
Gray squirrels are more prone than fox
squirrels to get warbles, primarily because
the dense woods in which they thrive also



Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020

Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - Intro
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - Cover1
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 2
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 3
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 4
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 5
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 6
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 7
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 8
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 9
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 10
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 11
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 12
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 13
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 14
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 15
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 16
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 17
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 18
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 19
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 20
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 21
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 22
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 23
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 24
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 25
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 26
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 27
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 28
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 29
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 30
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 31
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 32
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 33
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 34
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 35
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 36
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 37
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 38
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 39
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 40
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 41
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 42
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 43
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 44
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 45
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 46
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 47
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 48
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 49
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 50
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 51
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 52
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 53
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 54
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 55
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 56
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 57
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 58
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 59
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 60
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 61
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 62
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 63
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 64
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - Cover4
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202106
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202105
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202104
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202103
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202102
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202101
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202009
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202008
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202007
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202006
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202005
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202004
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202003
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202002
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202001
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201912
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201911
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201909
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201908
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201907
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201906
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201905
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201904
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201903
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201902
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201901
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201812
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201811
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201810
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201809
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201808
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201807
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201806
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201805
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201804
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201803
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201802
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201801
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201712
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201711
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201710
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201709
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201708
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201707
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201706
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201705
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201704
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201703
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201702
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201701
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201612
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201611
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201610
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201609
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201608
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201607
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201606
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201605
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201604
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201603
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201602
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201601
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201512
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201511
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201510
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201509
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201508
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201507
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201506
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201505
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201504
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201503
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201502
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201501
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201412
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201411
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201410
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201409
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201408
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201407
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201406
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201405
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201404
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201403
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201402
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201401
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201312
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201311
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201310
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201309
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201308
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201307
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201306
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201305
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201304
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201303
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201302
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201301
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201212
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201211
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201210
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201209
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201208
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201207
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201206
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201205
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201204
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201203
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201202
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201201
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201112
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201111
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201110
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201109
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201108
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201107
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201106
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201105
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201104
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201103
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201102
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201101
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201009
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201008
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201007
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201006
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201005
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201004
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201003
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201002
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201001
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200912
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200911
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200909
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200908
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200907
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200906
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200905
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200904
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200903
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200902
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/annualreport2008
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200901
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200812
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200811
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200810
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200809
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com