Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 63

I let it get ahead of me before quietly
following again. It circled a few trees,
sniffed and reared up on its hind legs
like a woodchuck.
Again, it started toward me, then
turned and disappeared into horse balm
and spotted touch-me-nots. I assumed it
either hid there until I left or continued
out through the fence.
Even though it knew something -
possibly a threat - was nearby, it didn't
climb a tree to escape as porcupines
often do. And, unlike the porcupine I'd
watched in summer, carefully picking
smartweed from a large patch of stiltgrass, it showed no interest in food.
I decided it might have been tracking
a pre-estrous female.
According to Uldis Roze, in his book
The North American Porcupine, midSeptember to mid-October is mating
season for porcupines, and males begin
by following odor plumes sent out by
pre-estrous females.
Since females are only in heat eight
to 12 hours a year, males like to be on
site several days in advance, guarding
a female by climbing into her tree and
waiting on a lower branch. The males
often wait several days, and sometimes
compete with rivals for her acceptance.
The porcupine I followed rubbed its
head at the base of several trees, apparently leaving scent.
Once I lost sight of the porcupine, I
walked to First Field, which was covered
with goldenrod and asters.
Dozens of monarch butterflies, along
with pearl crescents - a smaller orangeand-brown butterfly - fed on wildflower
nectar.
There are 55 aster species, and 50
SEPTEMBER 2020	

goldenrod species in the Northeast.
They are true native wildflowers. The
Chippewa Native Americans called
tall goldenrod "squirrel tail" because
it grows so tall. It's the last of the five
species to bloom in our field.
Our field of gold draws other migrating butterflies, most notably red admirals, which are black with orange-andwhite markings and similarly colored
American ladies.
September is the last month to find
blooming wildflowers. At the base of
First Field is a wet area that is excellent
for turtleheads, bearing pink-and-white
flowers that look like the heads of turtles.
Their genus name Chelone is Greek for
"tortoise."
I usually find orange-and-black Baltimore checkerspot butterflies, which
lay their eggs on only turtlehead leaves,
within 10 yards of a turtlehead patch.
The spotted jewelweeds, also known
as touch-me-nots, in the wetland section
of our exclosure have orange-spotted,
cornucopia-shaped flowers designed to
be pollinated solely by hummingbirds.
Their long bills pick up pollen grains
from inside one flower and drop them
into the next flower as they probe for the
nectar. I spend hours there watching as
ruby-throated hummingbirds zip from
one jewelweed to another.
Near the end of September, most
of the wildflowers are fading, but by
then the witch hazel and black birch
understory have turned golden and the
black gum trees are red, gold, orange
or pink, giving those of us who hike
or hunt in the September woods a
special early showing of autumn color
that almost makes up for the loss of
wildflowers and migrating songbirds
and butterflies.
63



Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020

Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - Intro
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - Cover1
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 2
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 3
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 4
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 5
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 6
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 7
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 8
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 9
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 10
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 11
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 12
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 13
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 14
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 15
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 16
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 17
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 18
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 19
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 20
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 21
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 22
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 23
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 24
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 25
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 26
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 27
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 28
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 29
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 30
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 31
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 32
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 33
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 34
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 35
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 36
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 37
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 38
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 39
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 40
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 41
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 42
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 43
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 44
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 45
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 46
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 47
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 48
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 49
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 50
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 51
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 52
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 53
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 54
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 55
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 56
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 57
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 58
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 59
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 60
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 61
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 62
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 63
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - 64
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Game News - September 2020 - Cover4
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