Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 62

herons, gulls, ducks, plovers, rails, terns,
and double-crested cormorants. They
even will nest in heron colonies and raid
their nests, and when they find a good
source of food, they may cache it to eat
later or feed to their nestlings.
If they migrate at all, it is only to food
sources such as in landfills, feed lots, and
sites with accessible dumpsters. They
usually join winter roosts of American
crows, but return to their breeding
grounds as early as February in Pennsylvania.
Fish
crows are monogamous and have
no courtship displays, although Kevin
McGowan, who studied them in Florida,
wrote in his Birds of the World account
that he observed " a nest-building
crow with a stick in its bill flying slowly
with stiff wings in exaggerated 'butterfly
fashion' circling (its) nest site completely
before going to nest, repeated several
times. " It wasn't determined whether the
behavior was a courtship display. However,
mated pairs do preen the back of
each other's heads.
Both sexes build their nest in tall
trees as high as 80 feet. It takes them
about nine days, although they start several
nests before lining and finishing one.
They may use the same tree sometimes
for years, but they always build a new
nest of deciduous tree sticks and line it
with soil, red cedar, or grapevine bark,
hair and/or pine needles. The finished
product is about 19 inches across and 5
inches deep.
Here in Pennsylvania, fish crows
might build nests as early as April 11
or as late as June 29. They have a small
territory around their nest tree, and occasionally
will breed semi-colonially
among several other fish crow pairs with
62
nests within 100 yards of each other. The
male fish crow defends the nest site from
American crows, but he will often allow
other fish crows to approach the nest.
The female fish crow lays two to six
pale bluish-green eggs, marked with
brown, that she incubates while the male
guards and feeds her, bringing food in
his throat, not his bill, for his mate and,
later, the nestlings.
Both mob possible nest predators,
most notably hawks, raccoons, owls, and
humans. After the eggs are incubated for
16 to 19 days, the naked, helpless young
emerge and take 32 to 40 days to mature
and fledge.
Fish crows have not been studied as
much as American crows, but are similarly
curious, intelligent and social birds
that will play with objects they find.
However, they can be aggressive toward
each other. For instance, a fish crow at a
garbage site was observed pulling the tail
of another fish crow to drive it off.
More serious fights begin with threatening
posturing, during which they arch
their necks, hold their heads forward and
point their bills downward. They spread
their tails, slightly spread their wings or
keep them close to their bodies with their
wing tips down, and walk sideways toward
their opponent. After fights, they
perform an appeasement display consisting
of open-mouthed begging calls,
lowering their bodies and quivering their
extended wings, and they're believed
to always give in to American crows in
fights.
Although I can easily see and hear
fish crows in State College and on the
Penn State campus, where they roost in
the winter and breed locally, I have yet to
see or hear them in Blair County, where
I reside. But other folks have. Fish crows
have come to the county by way of the

Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021

Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - Cover1
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 2
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 3
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 4
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 5
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 6
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 7
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 8
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 9
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 10
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 11
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 12
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 13
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 14
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 15
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 16
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 17
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 18
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 19
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 20
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 21
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 22
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 23
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 24
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 25
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 26
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 27
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 28
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 29
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 30
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 31
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 32
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 33
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 34
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 35
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 36
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 37
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 38
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 39
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 40
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 41
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 42
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 43
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 44
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 45
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 46
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 47
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 48
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 49
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 50
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 51
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 52
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 53
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 54
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 55
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 56
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 57
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 58
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 59
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 60
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 61
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 62
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 63
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - 64
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Game News - October 2021 - Cover4
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202112
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202111
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202110
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202109
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202108
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202107
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202106
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202105
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202104
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202103
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202102
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202101
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202009
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202008
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202007
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202006
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202005
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202004
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202003
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202002
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_202001
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201912
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201911
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201909
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201908
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201907
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201906
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201905
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201904
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201903
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201902
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201901
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201812
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201811
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201810
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201809
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201808
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201807
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201806
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201805
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201804
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201803
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201802
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201801
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201712
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201711
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201710
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201709
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201708
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201707
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201706
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201705
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201704
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201703
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201702
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201701
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201612
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201611
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201610
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201609
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201608
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201607
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201606
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201605
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201604
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201603
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201602
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201601
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201512
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201511
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201510
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201509
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201508
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201507
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201506
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201505
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201504
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201503
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201502
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201501
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201412
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201411
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201410
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201409
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201408
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201407
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201406
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201405
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201404
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201403
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201402
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201401
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201312
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201311
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201310
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201309
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201308
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201307
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201306
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201305
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201304
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201303
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201302
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201301
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201212
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201211
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201210
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201209
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201208
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201207
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201206
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201205
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201204
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201203
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201202
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201201
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201112
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201111
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201110
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201109
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201108
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201107
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201106
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201105
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201104
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201103
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201102
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201101
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201009
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201008
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201007
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201006
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201005
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201004
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201003
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201002
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201001
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200912
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200911
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200909
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200908
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200907
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200906
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200905
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200904
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200903
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200902
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/annualreport2008
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200901
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200812
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200811
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200810
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200809
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com