Pizza Today - May 2020 - 37

T

he perfect pizza crust
results from flour,
water, yeast and time.
There is a science to it.
The key to why
pizza tastes so good also lies in science. Topping a pizza, more science.
It's the melding of the five basic
tastes - sweet, sour, salty, bitter and
savory (or umami).
In layman's terms, the taste
receptors in one's mouth are able
to distinguish between the tastes
and perceive them in different ways.
They send alerts and stimulate brain
neurons.
If you want to see the balance of
the five tastes on pizza in action,
look no further than the International Pizza Challenge. Pizza makers spend several months perfecting
the pizza topping combinations.
We've seen such interesting combinations as:
* spicy garlic sauce, red onions,
white cheddar crown, Portobello
mushrooms, prime aged fillet mignon, red peppers, scallions and
finished with a balsamic glaze
* apple, bacon crumbles, peanut
butter and jalapeño
* figs, bacon, caramelized onion,
arugula, goat cheese, shredded mozzarella and balsamic glaze
* mozzarella/provolone blend,
Italian sausage, cup and char
pepperoni, creamy ricotta, shaved
Manchego and oregano.
In Tony Gemignani's Trending "The Missing Ingredient", he
narrowed the tastes down to four:
sweet, salty, savory and acidic. He
wants every pizza to have at least
three of the four profiles.
He's not alone in the various
interpretations. A few years ago,
some scientists from Purdue University even introduced a sixth taste:
fat (also called oleogustus). There

036_PIZ_0520_IKtaste.indd 37

has also been a contingency that
wants spicy added to the list. Capsaicin in spicy ingredients causes a
burning sensation. While many love
the "flavor", spicy does fit the criteria to be a basic taste. However, the
five other tastes are well defined and
point to why pizza tastes so good.
Think of the five tastes as the
pillars for flavors in recipe development. Each has a role to play to create the ultimate pizza combination.
They are there to stand out from,
complement or counterbalancing
each other. Let's break down each
taste:
* Sweet. Sweetness plays a powerful role on pizza. Red sauced pies
automatically have an element of
sweet from the tomatoes, which also
happen to fit into salty and Umami,
as well. Sweetness can be used to
bring out the flavor in ingredients
or calm spicy toppings. Usual
suspects include sweets like fruit,
sugar, honey, maple syrup and agave
nectar. There are other ingredients
you may not classify as sweet. But
they are, like caramelized onions,
sweet potatoes, squash, basil and
balsamic vinegar.
* Sour. Looking for that punch
of flavor. That's where sour comes in.
It can counterbalance sweetness or
heat. When it comes to sour, think
most vinegars, citrus and tart fruits,
pickled vegetables and cultured
dairy products.
* Salty. Saltiness is very important to pizza perfection. It enhances
everything else. It also counterbalances bitterness. Cured meats,
anchovies, olives and most cheeses
fall into the salty category.
* Bitter. This is one that may not
resonate at first glance. Although
it is used to send a warning that
something has surpassed its expiration or is toxic, a "good" bitterness

can cut the sweetness or richness.
Some common bitter ingredients
include parsley, kale, arugula, escarole, radicchio and Brussels sprouts,
* Savory (Umami). This is the
taste that completes the profile with
that perfect savory component. This
is the newest of the tastes. Umami
was identified by scientists in 1908.
Mushrooms, tomato sauce and most
cheeses, especially Parmesan, hit the
umami notes.
Mix and Match
Creating the perfect pizza topping combination is a game of
mixing and matching flavors. You
take the component of each taste to
find the right balance. Toppings are
endless. Many pizzerias offer 40 or
more options. You know you have a
perfect pizza from taste. Instead of
listing ingredients, balance that next
specialty pie using the five tastes.
What if a combination is...
* Too bland? Explore ingredients
that are sweet, salty or savory.
* Too salty? Hit it with a sweet
topping.
* Too sweet? Finish it with a bitter green or a sour ingredient.
* Too tangy? Sweeten it up or add
an umami element.
* Overpoweringly savory? Add
sweet, sour or bitter ingredients.
Mushroom Umami Pizza
Mushrooms hit high marks on umami.
Label this pizza a savory, comfort food.
1 9- to 12-ounce dough ball
3 ounces of béchamel sauce
5 ounces sliced fresh mushroom,
sautéed in garlic oil
3 ounces bacon sliced in thin strips
3 ounces leeks
6 ounces shredded mozzarella
Balsamic reduction
Stretch and shape dough into a

4/6/20 9:20 AM



Pizza Today - May 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pizza Today - May 2020

Pizza Today - May 2020
Commentary
Contributors
Expo Spotlight
Meet The Makers
Conversation
Man On The Street
Tony’s Trending Recipe
Knead To Know
Destinations
workplace violence
Mozz: slice, shred or dice
Build a pizza using the five tastes
The neapolitan way on any style
Ada online
New horizons
Product showcase
Reader’s Resource
Pizza Today Yellow Pages
The Marketplace
Mike’s Monthly Tip
Pizza Today - May 2020 - CT1
Pizza Today - May 2020 - CT2
Pizza Today - May 2020 - Pizza Today - May 2020
Pizza Today - May 2020 - Cover2
Pizza Today - May 2020 - Commentary
Pizza Today - May 2020 - 4
Pizza Today - May 2020 - 5
Pizza Today - May 2020 - 6
Pizza Today - May 2020 - 7
Pizza Today - May 2020 - Contributors
Pizza Today - May 2020 - 9
Pizza Today - May 2020 - Expo Spotlight
Pizza Today - May 2020 - 11
Pizza Today - May 2020 - Meet The Makers
Pizza Today - May 2020 - 13
Pizza Today - May 2020 - Conversation
Pizza Today - May 2020 - 15
Pizza Today - May 2020 - Man On The Street
Pizza Today - May 2020 - 17
Pizza Today - May 2020 - Tony’s Trending Recipe
Pizza Today - May 2020 - 19
Pizza Today - May 2020 - Knead To Know
Pizza Today - May 2020 - 21
Pizza Today - May 2020 - 22
Pizza Today - May 2020 - 23
Pizza Today - May 2020 - Destinations
Pizza Today - May 2020 - 25
Pizza Today - May 2020 - workplace violence
Pizza Today - May 2020 - 27
Pizza Today - May 2020 - 28
Pizza Today - May 2020 - 29
Pizza Today - May 2020 - 30
Pizza Today - May 2020 - 31
Pizza Today - May 2020 - Mozz: slice, shred or dice
Pizza Today - May 2020 - 33
Pizza Today - May 2020 - 34
Pizza Today - May 2020 - 35
Pizza Today - May 2020 - Build a pizza using the five tastes
Pizza Today - May 2020 - 37
Pizza Today - May 2020 - 38
Pizza Today - May 2020 - 39
Pizza Today - May 2020 - The neapolitan way on any style
Pizza Today - May 2020 - 41
Pizza Today - May 2020 - 42
Pizza Today - May 2020 - 43
Pizza Today - May 2020 - Ada online
Pizza Today - May 2020 - 45
Pizza Today - May 2020 - New horizons
Pizza Today - May 2020 - 47
Pizza Today - May 2020 - 48
Pizza Today - May 2020 - 49
Pizza Today - May 2020 - Product showcase
Pizza Today - May 2020 - 51
Pizza Today - May 2020 - Pizza Today Yellow Pages
Pizza Today - May 2020 - 53
Pizza Today - May 2020 - 54
Pizza Today - May 2020 - 55
Pizza Today - May 2020 - 56
Pizza Today - May 2020 - 57
Pizza Today - May 2020 - The Marketplace
Pizza Today - May 2020 - 59
Pizza Today - May 2020 - 60
Pizza Today - May 2020 - 61
Pizza Today - May 2020 - 62
Pizza Today - May 2020 - 63
Pizza Today - May 2020 - 64
Pizza Today - May 2020 - 65
Pizza Today - May 2020 - 66
Pizza Today - May 2020 - Mike’s Monthly Tip
Pizza Today - May 2020 - Cover4
https://www.nxtbook.com/emerald/pizzatoday/202111
https://www.nxtbook.com/emerald/pizzatoday/202110
https://www.nxtbook.com/emerald/pizzatoday/202109
https://www.nxtbook.com/emerald/pizzatoday/202108
https://www.nxtbook.com/emerald/pizzatoday/202107
https://www.nxtbook.com/emerald/pizzatoday/202106
https://www.nxtbook.com/emerald/pizzatoday/202105
https://www.nxtbook.com/emerald/pizzatoday/202104
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/202103
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/202102
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/202101
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/202012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/202011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/202010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/202009
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/202008
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/202007
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/202006
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/expo_2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/202005
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/202004
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/202003
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/202002
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/202001
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201912
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201911
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201909
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201908
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201907
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201906
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201905
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201904
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201903
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201902
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201901
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201812
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201811
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201810
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201809
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201808
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201807
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201806
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201805
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201804
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201803
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201802
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201801
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201712
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201711
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201710
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201709
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201708
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201707
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201706
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201705
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201704
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201703
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201702
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201701
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201612
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201611
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201610
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201609
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201608
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201607
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201606
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201605
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201604
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201603
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201602
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201601
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201512
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201511
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201510
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201509
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201508
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pizzatoday/201507
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com