District Administration - January 2007 - (Page 64)

Warning : session_start : The session id contains invalid characters, valid characters are only a-z, A-Z and 0-9 in /mnt/data/www.nxtbook.com/fx/config_1.3/global.php on line 9 Warning : session_start : Cannot send session cache limiter - headers already sent output started at /mnt/data/www.nxtbook.com/fx/config_1.3/global.php:9 in /mnt/data/www.nxtbook.com/fx/config_1.3/global.php on line 9 Warning : Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by output started at /mnt/data/www.nxtbook.com/fx/config_1.3/global.php:9 in /mnt/data/www.nxtbook.com/fx/config_1.3/global.php on line 10 ResearchCorner • hat kinds of school-family connections are more likely to produce higher levels of student achievement? K12 educators are asking this as they implement various school-family-community involvement programs to comply with the No Child Left Behind act NCLB . Fortunately, educational research offers insights and direct ion for school districts. For example, researchers Anne Henderson and Karen Mapp recently synthesized 51 high-quality studies on parent ESSENTIALS ON EDUCATION DATA AND RESEARCH ANALYSIS FROM EDVANTIA Schools, Families, and Student Achievement W NCLB’s Definition of “Parent” The term “parent” includes a legal guardian, grandparent or stepparent with whom the child lives, or a person who is legally responsible for the child’s welfare. National Standards In 1997, the National Parent Teacher Association set standards for parent and family involvement programs: Communicating : Communication between home and school is regular, two-way and meaningful. Parenting : Parenting skills are promoted and supported. S tudent learning: Parents play an integral role in assisting student learning. Volunteering: Parents are welcomed in school, and their support and assistance are sought. School decision-making and advocacy: Parents are full partners in decisions that affect their children and families. Collaborating with the community: Resources in the community are used to strengthen schools, families and student learning. Source: PTA, www.pta.org and community involvement, 31 of which address relationships between student achievement and parentcom mu n it y involvement activities. Key recommendations include: Link family involvement with learning. Henderson & Mapp found that parent involvement linked directly to student learning—for example, workshops that explain what students are doing in school and how parents can help—has a stronger association with achievement than general involvement. Support children’s learning at home. Henderson and Mapp also found that programs and intervent ions that engage families in supporti ng children’s learning at home are also linked to higher achievement. For example, in two experimental studies where math kits were loaned to African American and Latino families and mothers were taught how to use the kits, the children developed greater math knowledge and skills in four months than did those in the control group Starkey and Klein, 2000 . Help families influence student aspirations. According to the National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988—a national sample of eighth-graders fi rst surveyed in 1988—students whose parents commu n icated with them and supported their learning were more likely plann i ng to fi nish college Trusty, 1999 . Similarly, in a meta-analysis of 25 studies, Fan and Chen 1999 found that parent expectations for their children to continue their education were associated with higher grades, test scores and passing rates. Inv ite participation from diverse families. Cultural backg rou nd and socio-economic levels appear to influence parent involvement in schools, and families with more education and income are typically more involved than other families. Numerous studies have also documented that Latino parent s, while highly interested in their children’s education, defi ne the parent’s role as nurturer and instiller of values and view education as the teacher’s role. However, educational programs can mitigate such barriers. Most participating parents in a 2000 study reported realigning their parent i ng styles, discipline methods and communications with teachers. Increase educator awareness of home, school and societal factors. Paul Barton 2003 synthesized much research and identified 14 factors associated with elementary and secondary school achievement. Six factors pertained to school conditions, including rigor of curriculum, teacher preparation, availability of technology-related instruction and school safety. But eight factors were related to conditions outside school, including reading aloud to young children, amount of TV watching, parent availability, student birth weight, lead poisoning, and nutrition. For all 14 factors, Barton found gaps between minority and majority student populations. “There is fear that looking outside school will give excuses to the schools,” Barton writes, but “denying the role of these outside happenings . . . will not help teachers and schools reduce achievement gaps.” Greater awareness of home, school and societal factors within districts lead to responsive parent involvement practices and higher student achievement. DA For citation of the references used in this article, go to www.districtadministration.com www.edvantia.org, 800-624-9120 District Administration 64 January 2007 DA_107_AELJP.indd 64 12/13/06 3:45:55 PM Warning : Unknown : The session id contains invalid characters, valid characters are only a-z, A-Z and 0-9 in Unknown on line 0 Warning : Unknown : Failed to write session data files . Please verify that the current setting of session.save_path is correct /var/lib/php/session in Unknown on line 0 http://www.districtadministration.com http://www.edvantia.org http://www.pta.org

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of District Administration - January 2007

Contents
Editor's Letter
Update
Inside the Law
Curriculum Update
Administrator Profile
District Profile
Overheard on the Pulse...
Teaching Techniques for Supervisors
Why Buy New When Used Might Do?
Past Becomes Future
Financial Rescue
Speaking Out
The Online Edge
Research Corner
Problem/Solution
Computer Literature
New Products
Calendar of Events
Understanding the Times

District Administration - January 2007

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