Rural Missouri - October 2013 - (Page 24)

Charge of the Iron Brigade Shelby’s Great Raid ~ October 1863 Confederates expose thin Union defenses in Missouri by Jim Denny info@ruralmissouri.coop Marmaduke’s lackluster spring raids, sensed that his time had come. He was able to gain the reluctant approval of Price and Marmaduke to launch a daring raid deep into enemy-occupied Missouri. ow a self-promoted colonel, William Clarke The opposite of the cautious and plodding MarQuantrill and the greater part of his guermaduke, Shelby had the dash and daring of a true rillas decided to head for Texas wintering cavalry leader. Shelby and his men crossed into Misgrounds a little earlier than usual. On souri on Oct. 2, 1863, and struck quickly. The next Oct. 1, 1863, some 400 guerrillas commenced their day, they surrounded the 180-man garrison at Neosouthward migration. sho and compelled its surrender. By Oct. 6, they had reached the vicinity of BaxWith confiscated fresh mounts and supplies, Shelter Springs, Kan. Here, Quantrill had a stroke of by’s Iron Brigade rode northward through Sarcoxie the grotesque luck that seemed to be a part of his and Bowers Mills. On Oct. 5, the small strange genius. He and his guerrillas garrisons at Greenfield and Stockton encountered the 100-man escort of were captured along with more supMaj. Gen. James Blunt, the hard-bitten plies. Shelby rested that evening near commander of the Army of the FronHumansville. tier. Quantrill’s men opened fire and The various Union militia units launched a headlong charge toward the that attempted to intercept Shelby had hapless Kansas and Wisconsin soldiers. been left in the dust by the wily and Blunt’s green troops panicked and swift-moving cavalryman. Shelby’s bolted for the rear. men were outdistancing the Union On their superior horses, the guercouriers, who galloped to inform superillas rode down and shot the panicriors where Shelby was last seen. stricken Federal cavalrymen from their Meanwhile, Shelby continued saddles as they fled. Within 15 minunmolested through Humansville and utes, 82 dead and dying Union soldiers Warsaw, where they captured another were strewn across the prairie. Gen. rich horde of supplies on Oct. Blunt and 15 of his men barely 6-7. His men captured Tipton on got away. Quantrill could rightly Jim Denny, a Co-Mo Electric member the Pacific Railroad on Oct. 10 boast: “By God, Shelby could not from Lupus, brings the state’s Civil War and spent a good part of the day whip Blunt. Neither could Marhistory to life in Rural Missouri as we destroying as much of the railmaduke. But I whipped him!” commemorate the sesquicentennial of road as possible. At that very moment, the this time in our nation’s history. Order To that time, none of the same Col. Joseph O. Shelby Jim’s book, “The Civil War’s First Blood,” Union forces in pursuit of Shelwas some 80 miles northeast of online at www.ruralmissouri.coop. by managed to shave his lead Baxter Springs scattering militia over them to less than 24 hours. But now that Shelforces at Humansville. As Quantrill left Missouri, by threatened vital railheads, the state capital and Shelby had moved in with his Iron Brigade — 1,200 important towns of the Missouri River heartland, handpicked Missouri veterans eager to strike at the thousands of Missouri troops took up the chase. heart of Federal Missouri. Finally, outside of Boonville, the 670 men of the first Two weeks earlier and more than 200 miles farstate militia cavalry began to skirmish with Shelby’s ther south, Shelby had been in Arkadelphia, Ark. rear guard. Following the abandonment of Little Rock, Gen. On Oct. 11, Shelby entered Boonville. After 19 Sterling Price and his army had fallen back to Arkadays of strenuous riding, 350 miles from Arkadeldelphia deep in southern Arkansas. Shelby, hardened phia, his men finally were beside the banks of the by dozens of battles and a participant in Gen. J. S. N Missouri River. Shelby turned west and headed in the direction of Marshall. Now the militia was nipping at his heels and had to be held at bay by repeated rear-guard stands at creek crossings. Shelby could keep this up indefinitely, as long as no Union force blocked his path. He was about to face his greatest challenge, and it would come from a former nemesis, Brig. Gen. Egbert B. Brown. Brown had beaten back repeated charges of Shelby’s Iron Brigade at the Battle of Springfield a little more than 10 months earlier. Now, he had an army of 1,800 men encamped within five miles of Shelby’s force. If he could march a detachment around Shelby’s sleeping army and reach Marshall before Shelby did, he could accomplish what no other Union officer had managed to do — trap Shelby between two armies and destroy or cripple his force. Brown’s plan worked to perfection. When Shelby’s army approached Marshall on the morning of Oct. 13, he found his way blocked by Union soldiers. A thousand Union defenders, commanded by Col. Benjamin Lazear, beat back several charges by Shelby. Finally, Brown arrived with 800 men — the supposed anvil to Lazear’s hammer. But, at the very moment he stood on the verge of military glory, Brown’s nerve failed him and he never gave the command to charge. Maneuvering and constant firing continued for an hour or so. The many steep, brushy ravines where the battle was fought made accurate fire impossible. Hardly anyone was killed or injured on either side. Finally, Shelby staged a “breakthrough” by scattering a few dozen defenders and riding with half his force toward Waverly, his home before the war. The other half of his men, three regiments in all, escaped by riding east then south. The remainder of the raid was rapid retreat back to Arkansas in two separate columns, both under constant Union pursuit. For Shelby, the raid was a triumph. He was promoted — at long last — to brigadier general. He had conducted the longest cavalry raid (1,500 miles, he claimed) that had yet been attempted. He was now acknowledged as the best cavalry officer in the western theater and one of the best in the whole Confederacy. The Union defenders of Missouri had less about which to brag. Shelby had clearly demonstrated how porous their thin defenses were to skilled Confederate invaders. Still, they had finally corralled Shelby and chased his raiders out of the state. Other than that, Shelby’s raid had changed little for either side. The militia was unable to protect Missourians from either guerrillas or raiders. The misery that plagued Missouri during 1863 would descend again in 1864. Missouri’s seemingly endless nightmare would drag on for another horrific year. Both guerrillas and Confederate raiders would be back. Shelby’s Iron Brigade — 1,200 men strong — was eager to strike at the heart of Federal Missouri. Artwork courtesy of Andy Thomas, Carthage, Mo., www.andythomas.com. http://www.ruralmissouri.coop http://www.andythomas.com

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Rural Missouri - October 2013

Rural Missouri - October 2013
Contents
Comments
Columns
Schooled on sailing
A deer dilemma
Outdoors
Therapy for the heart & soul
Out of the Way Eats
Gone RVing
Charge of the Iron Brigade
Hearth and Home
Underwater fun
Around Missouri
Marketplace
Neighbors
Just4Kids

Rural Missouri - October 2013

https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/202010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/202009
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/202008
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/202007
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/202006
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/202005
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/202004
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/202003
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/202002
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/202001
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201912
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201911
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201909
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201908
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201907
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201906
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201905
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201904
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201903
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201902
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201901
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201812
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201811
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201810
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201809
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201808
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201807
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201806
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201805
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201804
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201803
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201802
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201801
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201712
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201711
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201710
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201709
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201708
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201707
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201706
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201705
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201704
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201703
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201702
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201701
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201612
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201611
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201610
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201609
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201608
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201607
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201606
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201605
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201604
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201603
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201602
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201601
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201512
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201511
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201510
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201509
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201508
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201507
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201506
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201505
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201504
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201503
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201502
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201501
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201412
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201411
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201410
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201409
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201408
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201407
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201406
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201405
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201404
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201403
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201402
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201401
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201312
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201311
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201310
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201309
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201308
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201307
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201306
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201305
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201304
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201303
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201302
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201301
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201212
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201211
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201210
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201209
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201208
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201207
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201206
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201205
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201204
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201203
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201202
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201201
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201112
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201111
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201110
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201109
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201108
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201107
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201106
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201105
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201104
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/videotest
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201103
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201102
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201101
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ruralmissouri/201010
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com