Rural Missouri - February 2020 - 49

Above left: Dawn Felger examines a bottle of pills for poultry on display at the museum. Above right: An Army X-ray machine purchased by a
veterinarian at the end of World War II is part of the military display section. It is thought to be one of the first X-ray machines used for animals.
to 40 % alcohol. Of interest is the Dr. L.D. LeGear trunk,
The book display highlights veterinary science books
owned by a horse doctor who started his own patent mediand reference guides from the 1500s - a horse treatise
cines company in Texas and later St. Louis.
handwritten in German by an unknown author - to the
LeGear medicine bottles can be easily acquired in
modern day.
today's antique market because of the large quantities pro"Veterinary medicine has a rich history in Missouri,"
duced. Veterinarians often concocted their own medicines
says Richard. "We are at the crossroads of the country,
until the 1950s - when the Federal Drug Act prohibited
and animal agriculture, where veterinary medicine started,
the practice.
was a dominant force here. Animal diseases were serious
Other inventions and subsequent patents by veterinaribusiness, and companies that made treatments and the
ans are on display. Missouri had its share of famous vets,
veterinarians that delivered them were an important part
including the Shikles brothers, J.R. and E. A., from Dearof the economy and everyday life."
born, who invented a vaccinating kit in 1924 that veteriIncluded with the books are some of the first state vet's
narians used for hog cholera until the 1950s. During this
documents in the form of Paul Paquin's
journal and ledger from his travels in the
time period, Missouri veterinarians vaccinated 30,000
1800s. Paul was the first Missouri State
pigs annually.
Veterinarian and founded the pathology
"These are the things that the kids love to see,"
and hygiene labs at Missouri State UniverRichard says, pointing to skeletal remains in a case.
sity in the late 1800s. The museum highThe collection also includes Siamese piglets in a
lights achievements and daily toils of other
jar, hairballs, a whalebone and X-rays that show
Jefferson
veterinarians, including Dr. Earl Sloan of St.
broken bones. Other X-rays show more unusual
City
items, such as a fishing rod that a dog swalLouis, a veterinarian who treated trolley car
lowed and a fish hook ingested by a cat.
horses in the late 1800s and went into the
Curators are always adding items to the
business of making patent medicines.
displays, thanks to the generous donations of
After the book section, prepare to see the
legacies from veterinarians throughout the state
tools of the trade. Any fan of English author
and country. "We focus on items we currently do not have,
James Herriot will appreciate seeing antique instruments
on items that are rare and on items that help illustrate the
including a hog catcher, balling guns - devices used to
various aspects of veterinary life and pracdeliver food or boluses (pills) to animals - or a Swiss
tices throughout history," adds Richard. "I
trocar, used as a portal for placement of other veterinary
can't say we are on the hunt for a particinstruments or to allow the escape of gases and fluids from
ular item, but we know it when we see it."
organs.
The museum also displays a U.S. Army X-ray machine
The Missouri Veterinary Medical Founthat a veterinarian purchased after World War II, believed
dation Museum is located at 2500 Counto be the advent of X-ray use for animals. This machine is
try Club Drive in Jefferson City. Hours
located next to the military display, honoring veterinarians
are 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. Monday through
from the Civil War to the present day for their service to
Friday and Saturday by appointment.
the U.S. Another interesting item includes a homemade
Admission is free. For more information
exam table from the 1920s. It makes clever use of the
call 573-636-8737 or visit movma.org.
bottom part of a barber's chair and tabletop so that the
surgical table could be angled.
Other exhibits include a wide array of patent medicines,
This book on dog care is one item in the
featuring potions for "man and beast." Some contain up
extensive Dr. LeGear collection.
FEBRUARY 2020 | RURALMISSOURI.COOP

49


http://www.movma.org http://www.RURALMISSOURI.COOP

Rural Missouri - February 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Rural Missouri - February 2020

Contents
Rural Missouri - February 2020 - Cover1
Rural Missouri - February 2020 - Cover2
Rural Missouri - February 2020 - Contents
Rural Missouri - February 2020 - 4
Rural Missouri - February 2020 - 5
Rural Missouri - February 2020 - 6
Rural Missouri - February 2020 - 7
Rural Missouri - February 2020 - 8
Rural Missouri - February 2020 - 9
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Rural Missouri - February 2020 - Cover3
Rural Missouri - February 2020 - Cover4
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