ENT - September 2020 - 490

Ear, Nose & Throat Journal
Editor-in-Chief
Rick Chandra, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA
TX, USA

Clinic Editors: Dysphagia
Peter C. Belafsky, University of California Davis, Davis, CA, USA
Gregory N. Postma, Augusta University Center for Voice and
Swallowing Disorders, Augusta, GA, USA

Clinic Editor: Facial Plastic Surgery
Douglas M. Sidle, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA

Clinic Editors: Geriatric Otolaryngology
Karen M. Kost, Montreal General Hospital, Montreal, Canada
Kourosh Parham, University of Connecticut Health Center,
Farmington, CT, USA

Clinic Editors: Head and Neck
Paul J. Donald, University of California Davis, Davis, CA, USA
Mainak Dutta, Medical College and Hospital, West Bengal, India
Ryan F. Osborne, Osborne Head & Neck Institute, Los Angeles,
CA, USA

Clinic Editors: Imaging
Ramo´n E. Figueroa, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, GA, USA
Enrique Palacios, Tulane University Hospital and Clinic,
New Orleans, LA, USA

Clinic Editor: Laryngoscopic
Robert T. Sataloff, Drexel University College of Medicine,
Philadelphia, PA, USA

Clinic Editors: Otoscopic
Brian J. McKinnon, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston,

Clinic Editor: Pathology
Lester D.R. Thompson, Woodland Hills Medical Center, Los Angeles,
CA, USA

Clinic Editor: Pediatric Otolaryngology
Rande H. Lazar, OCM, Memphis, TN, USA

Clinic Editor: Rhinoscopic
Dewey A. Christmas, Coastal ENT, Ormond Beach, FL, USA
Joseph P. Mirante, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, USA
Eiji Yanagisawa, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven,
CT, USA
Ken Yanagisawa, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven,
CT, USA

Clinic Editor: Special Topics
Robert T. Sataloff, Drexel University College of Medicine,
Philadelphia, PA, USA

Clinic Editor: Thyroid and Parathyroid
David Goldenberg, Penn State University, State College,
PA, USA

Case Reports Editor
Jack B. Anon, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine,
Pittsburgh, PA, USA

-------------------------------------- Editorial Board -------------------------------------
Jean Abitbol, Drexel University School of Medicine,
Philadelphia, PA, USA

Daniel H. Coelho, Virginia Commonwealth University
Medical Center, Richmond, VA, USA

Frank Gannon, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston,
TX, USA

Jason L. Acevedo, USA National Capital Consortium,
Washington, DC, USA

David M. Cognetti, Thomas Jefferson University,
Philadelphia, PA, USA

Emilio Garcia-Ibanez, Garcia-Ibanez Otology Institute,
Barcelona, Spain

Jack B. Anon, University of Pittsburgh School of
Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, USA

James V. Crawford, Madigan Army Medical Center,
Join Base Lewis-McChord, WA, USA

Soha Ghossaini, Penn State Hershey Medical Center,
Hershey, PA, USA

Gregorio Babighian, Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria
Careggi, Florence, Italy

David H. Darrow, Eastern Virginia Medical School,
Norfolk, VA, USA

William P.R. Gibson, University of Sydney, Sydney,
Australia

Samba Bathula, DMC Medical Group, MI, USA

Rima J. DeFatta, DeFatta ENT & Facial Plastic
Surgery, Altoona, WI, USA

David Goldenberg, Penn State University, State
College, PA, USA

Robert DeFatta, DeFatta ENT & Facial Plastic Surgery,
Altoona, WI, USA

Neerav Goyal, Penn State University, PA, USA

Peter C. Belafsky, University of California Davis,
Davis, CA, USA
Gerald S. Berke, University of California Los Angeles,
Los Angeles, CA, USA
Michael J. Brenner, Southern Illinois University School
of Medicine, Springfield, IL, USA
Kenneth H. Brookler, Neurotologic Associates PC,
New York, NY, USA
Karen H. Calhoun, Ohio State University Wexner
Medical Center, OH, USA

Karuna Dewan, Stanford University Medical Center,
CA, USA

Samuel Gubbels, University of Colorado Hospital,
Aurora, CO, USA

Paul J. Donald, University of California Davis, Davis,
CA, USA

Reena Gupta, Osborne Head & Neck Institute,
Los Angeles, CA, USA

Dean Drezner, Capital Health Regional Medical
Center, NJ, USA

Joseph Haddad Jr., Columbia University, New York, NY,
USA

Steven B. Cannady, University of Pennsylvania,
Philadelphia, PA, USA

Russell A. Faust, Nationwide Children's Hospital,
Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA

Missak Haigentz, Morristown Medical Center,
Morristown, NJ

Jose Fayad, House Clinic, Los Angeles, CA, USA

Ricardo Carrau, University of Pennsylvania Medical
Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA

Ramo´n Figueroa, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta,
GA, USA

Abdul L. Hamdan, American University of Beirut
Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon

Swapna Chandran, Louisville Center for Voice Care,
KY, USA

Charles N. Ford, University of Wisconsin SMPH,
Madison, WI, USA

Chien Chen, University of Arkansas for Medical
Science, Little Rock, AR, USA

Marvin P. Fried, Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx,
NY, USA

Dewey A. Christmas, Coastal ENT, Ormond Beach, FL

Richard R. Gacek, UMASS Memorial Medical Center,
Worcester, MA, USA

Nicolle Clements, Saint Joseph's University,
Philadelphia, PA, USA

Andrea Gallo, University of Rome-Italy, Rome, Italy

Christopher J. Hartnick, Massachusetts Eye and Ear
Infirmary, Boston, MA, USA
Mary Hawkshaw, CORLN Drexel Univ College of
Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Garett D. Herzon, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center,
Los Angeles, CA, USA
Thomas S. Higgins, Kentuckiana Ear, Nose & Throat,
P.S.C., Louisville, KY, USA



ENT - September 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of ENT - September 2020

The Creation of a Sustainable Otolaryngology Department in Malawi Nathan Douglas Vandjelovic, Eric Masao Sugihara, Wakisa Mulwafu, and David Nathan Madgy
Hazardous Grilling Due to Wire Brushes Nima A. Vahidi, Brenna A. Keane, Paul J. Whalen, and Anita Jeyakumar
Guns n’ Noses: Endoscopic Removal of an Air-Gun Pellet Retained in the Frontal Sinus Dylan A. Levy, Andrew Y. Lee, Waleed M. Abuzeid, and Nadeem A. Akbar
Vitamin D Status in Egyptian Children With Allergic Rhinitis Khaled Saad, Abobakr Abdelmoghny, Mohamed Diab Aboul-Khair, Yasser Farouk Abdel-Raheem, Eman Fathalla Gad, Ahmed El-Sayed Hammour, Bahaa Hawary, Asmaa M. Zahran, Mohamd A. Alblihed, and Amira Elhoufey
Pediatric Epistaxis and Its Correlation Between Air Pollutants in Beijing From 2014 to 2017 Ying-Xia Lu, Jie-Qiong Liang, Qing-Long Gu, Chong Pang, and Chun-Lei Huang
Otomycosis With Tympanic Membrane Perforation: A Review of the Literature Petros Koltsidopoulos and Charalampos Skoulakis
Simultaneous Bilateral Same-Day Endoscopic Myringoplasty Using Tragal Cartilage From One Ear Baklaci Deniz, Kuzucu Ihsan, Guler Ismail, Kum Rauf Oguzhan, and Ozcan Muge
A Preliminary Report on the Investigation of Prestin as a Biomarker for Idiopathic Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss Changling Sun, Xiaolin Xuan, Zhi Zhou, Yuan Yuan, and Fei Xue
A Retrospective Study to Identify the Relationship Between the Dimension of Osseous External Auditory Canal and Chronic Otitis Media Yi-Fang Lee, Pei-Yin Wei, Chia-Huei Chu, Wen-Huei Liao, An-Suey Shiao, and Mao-Che Wang
Investigation of the Effectiveness of Surgical Treatment on Respiratory Functions in Patients With Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome Burak Kersin, Murat Karaman, Engin Aynacı, and Ahmet Keles
Changing Trends of Color of Different Laryngeal Regions in Laryngopharyngeal Reflux Disease Chen Du, Paige Thayer, Yan Yan, Qingsong Liu, Li Wang, and Jack Jiang
ENT - September 2020 - Intro
ENT - September 2020 - Cover1
ENT - September 2020 - Cover2
ENT - September 2020 - 489
ENT - September 2020 - 490
ENT - September 2020 - 491
ENT - September 2020 - 492
ENT - September 2020 - 493
ENT - September 2020 - 494
ENT - September 2020 - 495
ENT - September 2020 - 496
ENT - September 2020 - 497
ENT - September 2020 - 498
ENT - September 2020 - 499
ENT - September 2020 - 500
ENT - September 2020 - The Creation of a Sustainable Otolaryngology Department in Malawi Nathan Douglas Vandjelovic, Eric Masao Sugihara, Wakisa Mulwafu, and David Nathan Madgy
ENT - September 2020 - 502
ENT - September 2020 - Hazardous Grilling Due to Wire Brushes Nima A. Vahidi, Brenna A. Keane, Paul J. Whalen, and Anita Jeyakumar
ENT - September 2020 - 504
ENT - September 2020 - Guns n’ Noses: Endoscopic Removal of an Air-Gun Pellet Retained in the Frontal Sinus Dylan A. Levy, Andrew Y. Lee, Waleed M. Abuzeid, and Nadeem A. Akbar
ENT - September 2020 - 506
ENT - September 2020 - 507
ENT - September 2020 - Vitamin D Status in Egyptian Children With Allergic Rhinitis Khaled Saad, Abobakr Abdelmoghny, Mohamed Diab Aboul-Khair, Yasser Farouk Abdel-Raheem, Eman Fathalla Gad, Ahmed El-Sayed Hammour, Bahaa Hawary, Asmaa M. Zahran, Mohamd A. Alblihed, and Amira Elhoufey
ENT - September 2020 - 509
ENT - September 2020 - 510
ENT - September 2020 - 511
ENT - September 2020 - 512
ENT - September 2020 - Pediatric Epistaxis and Its Correlation Between Air Pollutants in Beijing From 2014 to 2017 Ying-Xia Lu, Jie-Qiong Liang, Qing-Long Gu, Chong Pang, and Chun-Lei Huang
ENT - September 2020 - 514
ENT - September 2020 - 515
ENT - September 2020 - 516
ENT - September 2020 - 517
ENT - September 2020 - Otomycosis With Tympanic Membrane Perforation: A Review of the Literature Petros Koltsidopoulos and Charalampos Skoulakis
ENT - September 2020 - 519
ENT - September 2020 - 520
ENT - September 2020 - 521
ENT - September 2020 - Simultaneous Bilateral Same-Day Endoscopic Myringoplasty Using Tragal Cartilage From One Ear Baklaci Deniz, Kuzucu Ihsan, Guler Ismail, Kum Rauf Oguzhan, and Ozcan Muge
ENT - September 2020 - 523
ENT - September 2020 - 524
ENT - September 2020 - 525
ENT - September 2020 - 526
ENT - September 2020 - 527
ENT - September 2020 - A Preliminary Report on the Investigation of Prestin as a Biomarker for Idiopathic Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss Changling Sun, Xiaolin Xuan, Zhi Zhou, Yuan Yuan, and Fei Xue
ENT - September 2020 - 529
ENT - September 2020 - 530
ENT - September 2020 - 531
ENT - September 2020 - A Retrospective Study to Identify the Relationship Between the Dimension of Osseous External Auditory Canal and Chronic Otitis Media Yi-Fang Lee, Pei-Yin Wei, Chia-Huei Chu, Wen-Huei Liao, An-Suey Shiao, and Mao-Che Wang
ENT - September 2020 - 533
ENT - September 2020 - 534
ENT - September 2020 - 535
ENT - September 2020 - 536
ENT - September 2020 - Investigation of the Effectiveness of Surgical Treatment on Respiratory Functions in Patients With Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome Burak Kersin, Murat Karaman, Engin Aynacı, and Ahmet Keles
ENT - September 2020 - 538
ENT - September 2020 - 539
ENT - September 2020 - 540
ENT - September 2020 - 541
ENT - September 2020 - 542
ENT - September 2020 - Changing Trends of Color of Different Laryngeal Regions in Laryngopharyngeal Reflux Disease Chen Du, Paige Thayer, Yan Yan, Qingsong Liu, Li Wang, and Jack Jiang
ENT - September 2020 - 544
ENT - September 2020 - 545
ENT - September 2020 - 546
ENT - September 2020 - 547
ENT - September 2020 - 548
ENT - September 2020 - 549
ENT - September 2020 - 550
ENT - September 2020 - 551
ENT - September 2020 - 552
ENT - September 2020 - Cover3
ENT - September 2020 - Cover4
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