Pulse - March 2021 - 13
factors. And those are all attributable to how mankind has changed
the world we live in through increasing population, reliance on fossil
fuels, economic development, eliminating wetlands and other landuse issues and encroaching on wild lands. These issues " are all about
the planet's health, " she said.
Dr. Mazet has long been an advocate of the One Health
approach to solving these problems. " I became interested in One
Health because I felt that as a veterinarian and an epidemiologist
(she holds a Ph.D. in epidemiology), I could do something but I
couldn't really solve any major problems. I needed to work with
team members with different skill sets to be able to make a difference in the world.
The One Health Approach
" This working definition [of One Health] really captures what
those of us who have been using this approach for so many years
believe is critical. And that is the collaboration and then the bringing together and thinking about the intersection of human, animal,
environmental and plant health - really the planet itself. "
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention One Health
Office defines what it does as " a collaborative, multisectoral and
transdisciplinary approach - working at the local, regional, national
and global levels - with the goal of achieving optimal health outcomes recognizing the interconnection between people, animals,
plants and their shared environment. "
Dr. Mazet said that veterinarians have been a driving force
behind One Health. " It has been really championed by veterinarians, who work collaboratively with the medical profession and
experts from other fields, " she said.
Veterinarians have responded " very positively " to her calls
for their help. " Most of them who have talked to me have said:
'I want to use my voice and my knowledge. How can I do it?'
Being knowledgeable for the community is, I think, a great way to
go. Obviously, there are ways to do that through clinical practice
and being a resource in the community, being open to community
meetings. Doing op eds and engaging with the public is good for
the community. I think it is also good for veterinarians and our
role in society. "
She believes that many veterinary practices are changing, Dr.
Mazet said, to become more efficient, thus cutting costs, and also
" to better the earth. " She added: " Recognizing that the drivers [for all these issues] are the same, I think practitioners have
an opportunity with their clients right now, to have conversations, when they are asked about coronaviruses, to make linkages
with what's happening to our planet. They have so many natural
entrees to topics that their clients are interested in and that will
allow them to talk about our footprint on the earth and how that
affects things like our climate.
" I think they have a natural opening with clients, but I also recognize that it takes time - and time is money. And when you're in
a business you can't always jump in on a 45-minute conversation
with every client. Perhaps, they could write [essays] that could be
available to clients to take home or pick up in the waiting room.
" Veterinarians are such a valuable part of their communities.
There is community outreach and meetings, and I'm sure they are
constantly being asked to speak and I bet most of them are doing
that. Touching on these topics and providing the opportunity to
come back to them for more information would really be amazing. "
Dr. Mazet's work with the PREDICT Consortium has shed
new light on how the Covid-19 coronavirus and other viruses can
quickly spread from animal carriers such as bats to humans.
" We made the case about the emerging pathogens and what we
needed to do, " she said, " especially about coronaviruses that are
able to spill over to people. But we didn't make it strongly enough
to motivate change in human behavior. "
Avoiding 'More Horrible Crises "
The PREDICT Project, however, trained some 7,000 people in labs around the world to monitor dangerous pathogens as
they emerge or re-emerge. " This is an amazing group of scientists
who are working to control, halt, identify pathogens and potential
pathogens so we don't get ourselves into more horrible crises, " she
said. " We are experiencing on the order of three emerging or reemerging infectious diseases in people each year.
" We need to improve our systems for diagnostics, control and
our vaccine pipeline but we can do it, " Dr. Mazet said. " We can't
stop every spillover event [to humans] or every outbreak but we
can know about them ahead of time, reduce risk and be ready.
" We have the laboratory capacity and skills in every corner
of the world. It's not rocket science anymore. It isn't hard to do.
It's completely accessible. We can stop an outbreak at its source
before it becomes a pandemic. "
She said that a few years ago science knew of 240 zoonotic
viruses that sickened people. " Now we know - based on a lot of
modeling that I've been lucky enough to participate in - that there
are probably half a million viruses that have not been discovered or
characterized that can infect people. But we know that, if we keep
the planet healthier, we'll be experiencing fewer of those spillovers. "
PREDICT also identified risk factors for emerging diseases,
the most common of which are human population growth and
land-use change, such as deforestation and agricultural degradation
and changes. International travel and trade, climate variability and
medical industry changes also contribute significantly.
Now, scientists need to test nearly every animal and bird species
- at least water birds - in the world to discover the other viruses
with zoonotic potential and to inform strategies for better vaccine
pipelines, better diagnostic pipelines and to inform communities
of their risk and their risky behavior, she said.
A new iteration of the PREDICT project is now being organized. And the One Health Workforce: Next Generation, of which
she is co-director, will be working in Africa and Southeast Asia
with more than 100 faculties to train the next generation of sciencontinued g
tists in this important work.
Dr. Mazet said that veterinarians
have been a driving force behind
One Health. " It has been really
championed by veterinarians, who
work collaboratively with the medical
profession and experts from other
fields, " she said.
Pulse - March 2021
Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pulse - March 2021
Pulse - March 2021
Chapter Meetings & Calendar
Veterinarians Key to Planet’s Future, UC Davis Global Health Expert Believes
UC Davis Update
Tools for Success
Digital Photography for Veterinarians
From the SCVMA Office
Pulse - March 2021 - Pulse - March 2021
Pulse - March 2021 - Cover2
Pulse - March 2021 - 1
Pulse - March 2021 - 2
Pulse - March 2021 - Chapter Meetings & Calendar
Pulse - March 2021 - President’s Perspective
Pulse - March 2021 - SCVMA Profile
Pulse - March 2021 - SCVMA Profile
Pulse - March 2021 - Pulsepoints
Pulse - March 2021 - 8
Pulse - March 2021 - 9
Pulse - March 2021 - 10
Pulse - March 2021 - Practical Pathology
Pulse - March 2021 - Veterinarians Key to Planet’s Future, UC Davis Global Health Expert Believes
Pulse - March 2021 - 13
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Pulse - March 2021 - 16
Pulse - March 2021 - 17
Pulse - March 2021 - 18
Pulse - March 2021 - Medical Leeway
Pulse - March 2021 - UC Davis Update
Pulse - March 2021 - Tools for Success
Pulse - March 2021 - Angel Fund
Pulse - March 2021 - Dear Tabby
Pulse - March 2021 - 24
Pulse - March 2021 - The RVT
Pulse - March 2021 - Industry Insights
Pulse - March 2021 - Quick Reference
Pulse - March 2021 - AVMA Diplomates
Pulse - March 2021 - Digital Photography for Veterinarians
Pulse - March 2021 - Resources
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Pulse - March 2021 - Disease Table
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Pulse - March 2021 - Classifieds
Pulse - March 2021 - From the SCVMA Office
Pulse - March 2021 - Cover3
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