Official Springfield Illinois Visitors Guide - 2017 - 18


Two Capitols

ONE CITY

me
side the do
Rotunda in
Capitol
e
at
St
s
oi
of the Illin

IN SPRINGFIELD, two beautiful domes pierce the sky, symbolizing the

heads up!

don't

Rotunda inside the
dome of the Illinois
State Capitol

miss

democratic ideals of the Prairie State. If you happen to ask for directions
to the "Capitol" during your next visit, you're likely to be answered with,
"Which one?" We use the shorthand "old" and "new" to describe them,
and each unique and impressive building is definitely worth a visit. Illinois became a state in 1818, and Springfield became its capital in 1837,
succeeding Kaskaskia and Vandalia, Illinois as the permanent location.
The first statehouse built here is a red-dome topped Greek Revival-style
building made of local Sugar Creek limestone. This statehouse is a
window to the legal and political career of Abraham Lincoln, who served
in the state legislature there, tried cases before the Supreme Court in
the building, and gave his famous "House Divided" speech in the Hall
of Representatives. Barack Obama used the Old State Capitol steps to
announce his own campaign in 2007, securing its place in the history
of two United States presidents. The Old State Capitol is located in the
center of the city's historic district and is open to the public for tours.
Ground was broken on the current Illinois statehouse in 1868, and the
building's first general assembly was held there in 1877.
The highest elevation in Springfield was chosen for this capitol building,
and to this day, no structure in Springfield is allowed to be taller than
its zinc-covered dome. It is a majestic example of French Renaissance

the

rotunda
While you're inside the
Illinois State Capitol, walk to
the center, under the dome.
Look up and enjoy
the view!

Inside the Illinois State Capitol

Illinois State Capitol

18

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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Official Springfield Illinois Visitors Guide - 2017

Inside
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Official Springfield Illinois Visitors Guide - 2017 - Inside
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