Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - 48

Approach:
We helped program leaders answer the
second question. Almost no data existed
on diagnostic factors shown by research
to impact learning. We decided on two
strategies - analyzing archival learning
outcome data and collecting survey data
focused on diagnostic factors from future
learners and instructors.
We had information about the training's
objectives,
structure,
stakeholders
and context as well as learners' class
assignments and end-of-course (EOC)
proficiency scores. This allowed us to
determine how much individual and
class-level characteristics impacted
proficiency scores.
The nested structure of learning events
provides the opportunity to explore
sources of influence on outcomes, even in
the absence of direct data on diagnostic
factors associated with a level of analysis
(e.g., class). For our client, each learner
was nested within a class and each class
within an event. Learners and classes were
also nested within instructors, as each
instructor taught multiple classes. 

Results:
Our analyses provided evidence that
instructors contributed strongly to
learners' success in developing proficiency.
For example, instructors accounted for
42% of differences (i.e., variance) in learner
reading proficiency scores.

SO, INSTRUCTORS IMPACT
LEARNING. NOW WHAT?
Identifying instructors as a lever to
improve learning outcomes gave us a
diagnostic factor to focus on ... but now
what? No specific instructor data existed
to guide the creation of diagnostic survey
items or of interventions to improve
instruction. We determined what factor
needed improving, but we still had to
determine how to improve it.

How Do Instructors
Impact Learning?
Instructors impact learning directly
through their decisions and actions

| 48

in preparing and delivering training
content and by interacting with learners.
We defined and measured instructor
performance - the decisions, actions
or behaviors under instructors' control
related to their roles and objectives
in the learning enterprise - not
instructor characteristics.

Will Instructors Differ
on Performance?
Since instructors were content subject
matter experts (SMEs) with varying
degrees of instructional experience, it
was reasonable to assume there would
be performance variability. Without
instructor variability, this approach does
not work.

INSTRUCTORS ARE IMPACT
MULTIPLIERS THROUGH THEIR
INFLUENCE ON LEARNERS
AND NEED INSIGHTS,
TOOLS AND SUPPORT TO
MAXIMIZE THEIR IMPACT.
Defining Instructor Performance:
We reviewed research to identify
instructional behaviors empirically linked
to learner outcomes that could be rated
by learners, instructors and/or supervisors.
We identified behaviors that fit into four
performance domains:

Measuring Instructor
Performance:
We also developed and validated instructor
performance metrics, which assessed
key behaviors in the four domains. Then,
we collected data multiple times during
and at the end of the training for two
complete cycles. The metrics performed as
designed with excellent construct validity
and reliability.

Does Instructor Performance
Impact Learning?
Performance ratings collected throughout
the course, starting at the 25%
course completion mark, significantly
correlated with EOC outcomes. When we
retrospectively compared the performance
ratings of instructors who had high and
low-proficiency classes, instructors who
taught high-proficiency classes had higher
ratings on all items, across all time points;
higher performing instructors had higher
performing learners.
With such robust findings, we developed
and piloted a feedback intervention. We
distributed a feedback report to instructors
with results from the 25% collection,
offered guidance on interpreting its results
and suggested improvement resources.
When we had data from four training
cohorts (two with feedback, two
without), we compared instructors who
received feedback to those who did
not. Instructors who received feedback
improved their subsequent performance
ratings, and their learners had higher
EOC assessment scores.

* Learner Engagement
* Classroom Management
* Responsiveness to Learners
* Adapting to Learner Needs
Over the years, we identified additional
performance domains, but these four
remained relevant for instructor-led
training (ILT). Training context and content,
instructor
effectiveness
measure(s),
instructional philosophy, and learner and
instructor populations all impact what
performance domains are relevant.

Intervention:
We implemented a formative evaluation
and feedback program to deliver results
and provide tools for reflection and
improvement/development planning.
The reports provided comparisons
to help instructors determine if they
needed to improve. Instructors used
the report to guide conversations
about development with supervisors.
Supervisors used the reports to
identify instructors for observation and
coaching. The reports later transitioned
to web-based dashboards.



Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019

Learning Analytics: Table Stakes for Business Success
Table of Contents
Let's Build a Measurement Practice for L&D
Brain-Based Learning Analytics and Evaluation Practices
Who [Else] Cares About Learning Impact Data
Justifying the Investment in Leadership Training
Is Training Analytics Smoke and Mirrors?
Leveraging Analytical Tools to Transform L&D
Levearging Learning Analytics to Improve Business Outcomes: Where to Start
Was It Worth It? Measuring the Impact and ROI of Leadership Training
How to Make the Transition to a Data-Driven Learning Culture
How Personal Skills AI Assistants Might Disrupt Corporate Training
Machines Are the Future of Training: How Data-Driven Feedback Is Fostering Improvement and Enhancing Human Relationships
Improving Instructor Impact on Learning with Analytics
A Year in the Life: Evolving L&D Metrics From a Reporting Managed Service to Business Insight Partner
Localizing E-Learning Programs for an International Audience
Learning Analytics Is More Than Data Collection
Using Business Data to Drive Training Objectives
Quality versus Quantity: How Analytics Can Improve Training Effectiveness
Coursera Reaches Unicorn Status and Accelerates Enterprise Product Innovation
Company News
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - Cover1
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - 2
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - 3
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - 4
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - Learning Analytics: Table Stakes for Business Success
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - Table of Contents
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - 7
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - 8
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - 9
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - 10
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - Let's Build a Measurement Practice for L&D
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - 12
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - Brain-Based Learning Analytics and Evaluation Practices
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - 14
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - Who [Else] Cares About Learning Impact Data
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - 16
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - Justifying the Investment in Leadership Training
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - Is Training Analytics Smoke and Mirrors?
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - 19
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - 20
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - 21
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - Leveraging Analytical Tools to Transform L&D
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - 23
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - 24
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - 25
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - Levearging Learning Analytics to Improve Business Outcomes: Where to Start
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - 27
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - 28
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - 29
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - 30
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - 31
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - 32
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - Was It Worth It? Measuring the Impact and ROI of Leadership Training
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - 34
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - 35
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - How to Make the Transition to a Data-Driven Learning Culture
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - 37
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - How Personal Skills AI Assistants Might Disrupt Corporate Training
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - 39
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - 40
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - 41
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - Machines Are the Future of Training: How Data-Driven Feedback Is Fostering Improvement and Enhancing Human Relationships
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - 43
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - 44
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - 45
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - 46
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - Improving Instructor Impact on Learning with Analytics
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - 48
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - 49
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - A Year in the Life: Evolving L&D Metrics From a Reporting Managed Service to Business Insight Partner
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - 51
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - Localizing E-Learning Programs for an International Audience
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - 53
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - 54
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - Learning Analytics Is More Than Data Collection
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - 56
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - Using Business Data to Drive Training Objectives
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - 58
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - Quality versus Quantity: How Analytics Can Improve Training Effectiveness
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - Coursera Reaches Unicorn Status and Accelerates Enterprise Product Innovation
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - Company News
Training Industry Magazine - July/August 2019 - Cover4
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_20201112
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_20200910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_20200708
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_20200506
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_20200304
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_20200102
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_20191112
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_20190910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_20190708
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_20190506
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_20190304
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_20190102
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_20181112
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_20180910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_20180708
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_20180506
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_20180304
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_20180102
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_20171112
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_20170910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_20170708
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_20170506
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_20170304
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_20171112_se
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_20161112
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_2016fall
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_2016summer
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_2016sales
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_2016spring
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_2016winter
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_2015outsourcing
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_2015fall
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_2015summer
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_2015leadership
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_2015spring
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_2015winter
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_2014fall
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_2014summer
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_2014spring
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_2014winter
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_2013fall
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_2013summer
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_2013spring
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_2013winter
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_2012fall
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_2012summer
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_2012spring
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_2012winter
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_2011fall
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_2011summer
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_2011spring
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_2011winter
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_2010fall
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_2010summer
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_2010spring
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_2010winter
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_2009fall
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_2009summer
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_2009spring
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_2009winter
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_2008fall
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_2008summer
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trainingindustry/tiq_2008spring
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com