Food Protection Trends - August 2011 - (Page 544)

Celebrating 100 Years of IAFP Journals: 2000s Prepared by the FPT Subcommittee of the 100−Year Planning Committee* T he decade starting with the year 2000 began with a bang, as the world waited to see if all the precautions that had been taken would prevent the dreaded Y2K meltdown. It was a fitting start to the 2000s, as fear of a technology failure ushered in a decade in which technology impacted almost every aspect of protecting the food supply. The way we communicated about food protection issues changed significantly, from paper reports, to online newsletters, to e-mail messages and blogs, and even through online social media; the time it takes to learn about an outbreak has shortened from months to weeks to days to an instant. The terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001, and the other attacks that followed led to a realization of the vulnerability of our food supply to attack. Following this, a large shift occurred in the paradigm of food protection so that it also encompassed biosecurity hazards. Greater consideration of such hazards has led to strengthening of facility security and development of risk assessments to prevent intentional harm caused through agro-terrorism. A systematic risk-based approach has become a reliable and economical means to identify and prioritize these vulnerabilities (3), and the adoption of this approach is evident in manuscripts published in the Journal of Food Protection (JFP). A quick check on the web of science shows 3,976 publications in JFP from 2000 to 2010, over 1,000 more than in the 1990s. The focus of JFP on bacterial pathogens is evident from the number of publications related to Escherichia coli serovars (1,468 manuscripts, including 991 specific to Escherichia coli O157), Salmonella (1,335 manuscripts), Listeria (1,126 manuscripts), Campylobacter (338 manuscripts), and even Enterobacter sakazakii (Cronobacter spp., 53 manuscripts). Manuscripts addressing other microbial pathogens were lower in numbers: viruses (88 manuscripts) and parasites (22 manuscripts). Allergens (18 manuscripts) and chemical contaminants such as melamine (3 manuscripts) were hardly mentioned at all. Top cited publications in JFP from the 2000s are indicative of trends seen in the food industry. Public demand for specific trends — organic, natural, minimally processed, local and sustainable — had the food industry looking for alternative processing and preservative technologies. A plethora of published manuscripts were related to the activity of naturally occurring antimicrobials, including essential oils, against foodborne pathogens in a wide variety of food matrices. Two of the top 10 cited manuscripts in this decade (4, 6) addressed natural antimicrobials. Alternate processing technologies, such as ultraviolet light (79 manuscripts), electrolyzed water (39 manuscripts), ozone (41 manuscripts), and chlorine dioxide (38 manuscripts) treatments, along with different aqueous chemical treatments and washes, also left their mark on JFP publications in the 2000s. A 2003 review of consumer handling in the home (12) determined that 75% of the reviewed studies used surveys (i.e., self reporting) of consumer behavior. However, knowledge, intentions, attitudes, and self-reported practices did not correspond to observed behaviors, suggesting that observational studies provide a more realistic indication of the food hygiene actions actually used in domestic food preparation. This change in the way microbiologists look at food safety actions is one of the cornerstones of the late 2000’s movement toward behavior based on food safety management, specifically a change from a “food safety management system” to a “food safety culture” in both large scale and domestic food production environments. Coupled with this change in approach has been a progression of riskbased evaluations beyond the historical Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points (HACCP) programs of the 1990s to the integration and coordination of these activities through all facets of the farm to fork continuum. Papers in JFP adopting a risk-based approach included the development of standards for enteric pathogens in produce irrigation water (13); Clostridium perfringens in ready-to-eat and partially cooked meat and poultry products (2); and Staphylococcus aureus in raw milk (10). Public demand for convenience foods has increased steadily over the past 20 years (9). This has been coupled with growing concerns for Listeria monocytogenes associated with ready-to-eat (RTE) foods. Between 1998 and 2000, FSIS reported 71 L. monocytogenes recalls, involving over 92 million pounds of RTE meat products (5). A large-scale survey reported a L. monocytogenes prevalence of 1.82% in ready-to-eat foods purchased from various retail locations (8). In response to this threat, in 2003, FSIS released legislation (68 FR 34207) declaring L. monocytogenes an adulterant in meat and poultry RTE foods. The multitude of JFP articles Continued on page 539 544 FOOD PROTECTION TRENDS | AUGUST 2011

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Food Protection Trends - August 2011

Food Protection Trends - August 2011
Contents
Sustaining Members
Reflections of Your President
Commentary from the Executive Director
Assessment of the Potential for Cross-contamination of Food Products by Reusable Shopping Bags
Verification of Hygiene in Australian Manufacturing Beef Processing — Focus on Escherichia coli O157
IAFP’s European Symposium Hightlights
New Members
What’s Happening in Food Safety
Industry Products
Coming Events
Advertising Index
Journal of Food Protection Table of Contents
Membership Application
Celebrating 100 Years of IAFP: 2000s

Food Protection Trends - August 2011

https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20210708
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20210506
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20210304
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20210102
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20201112
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20200910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20200708
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20200506
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20200304
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20200102
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20191112
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20190910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20190708
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20190506
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20190304
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20190102
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20181112
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20180910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20180708
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20180506
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20180304
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20180102
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20171112
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20170910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20170708
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20170506
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20170304
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20170102
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20161112
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20160910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20160708
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20160506
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20160304
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20160102
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20151112
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20150910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20150708
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20150506
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20150304
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20150102
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20141112
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20140910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20140708
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20140506
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20140304
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20140102
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20131112
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20130910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20130708
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20130506
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20130304
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_20130102
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_201212
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_201211
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_201210
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_201209
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_201208
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_201207
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_201206
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_201205
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_201204
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_201203
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_201202
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_201201
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_201112
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_201111
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_201110
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_201109
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_201108
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_201107
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_201106
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_201105
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_201104
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_201103
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_201102
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_201101
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_201012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_201011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_201010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_201009
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_201008
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_201007
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_201006
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_201005
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_201004
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_201003
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_201002
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_201001
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_200912
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_200911
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_200910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_200909
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_200908
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_200907
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_200906
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_200905
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_200904
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_200903
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_200902
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_200901
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_200812
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_200811
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_200810
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_200809
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_200808
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/trilix/fpt_200807
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com