Food Protection Trends - May/June 2013 - (Page 127)

PEER-REVIEWED ARTICLE Food Protection Trends, Vol 33, No. 3, p. 127–132 Copyright©2013, International Association for Food Protection 6200 Aurora Ave., Suite 200W, Des Moines, IA 50322-2864 Measuring Self-efficacy of Food Safety in Middle School Populations AMY S. BEAVERS,1* JENNIFER K. RICHARDS,1 R. STEVE McCALLUM,2 P. MICHAEL DAVIDSON,1 GARY SKOLITS2 AND MONICA CROSBY1** Dept. of Food Science and Technology, 2605 River Drive, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996-4591, USA 1 Dept. of Educational Psychology and Counseling, 1122 Volunteer Blvd., University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996-3452, USA 2 ABSTRACT Educational interventions seeking to improve food handling behaviors are more likely to be successful when they also increase participants’ self-efficacy. However, very little is known about the relationship between self-efficacy and food handling behaviors. For this reason, this study developed and validated an instrument to measure self-efficacy of food safety in adolescent populations for the purpose of further investigating the hypothesis that raising adolescents’ food safety self-efficacy can improve their food handling behaviors. A rigorous instrument development protocol, securely grounded in psychometric theory, was implemented, which included special consideration for conducting research in underage populations. The instrument development protocol consisted of four distinct phases: (1) item construction; (2) field testing; (3) instrument refinement; and (4) scale confirmation. The final instrument contained 12 items with coefficient alpha of .90, suggesting the Self-efficacy of Food Safety Scale (SEFSS) has strong internal consistency. The instrument also demonstrates strong test-retest reliability across test administrations (r = .78, P < .001) and is stable across gender, F (1, 68) = .977, P = .327, and race, F (5, 64) = .652, P = .661. The results of this study suggest that adolescent food safety self-efficacy can be accurately measured by the SEFSS instrument. *Author for correspondence: Phone: +1 865.974.7107; Fax: +1 865.974.7332; E-mail: MAY–JUNE 2013 FOOD PROTECTION TRENDS 127

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Food Protection Trends - May/June 2013

Food Protection Trends - May/june 2013
Measuring Self-Efficacy of Food Safety in Middle School Populations
Food Safety Knowledge Among Restaurant Food Handlers in NeuchâTel, Switzerland
Video Observation and Data Coding Methods
Fsma: Article 3
General Interest Paper: Food Safety Risks of Mycotoxins
General Interest Paper: Fao/who Project Report
Industry Products
Coming Events

Food Protection Trends - May/June 2013