Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 417

TABLE 2. Attitudes of food truck managers/owners toward food safety training
Themes

Confidence

Training necessity

Minimum requirement
of city/county

Selected Quotes
FG1: "The training I have received from ServSafe is researched and proven so I am confident they
taught me what I need."
FG22: "I am confident in my chefs and handpicked them. They feel their culinary school experience has
trained them properly."
FG14: "I am confident in handling food safely due to my culinary school experience."
FG13: "I am not interested but the training is a necessary."
FG25: "The training is needed because everyone thinks running a food truck is the new money maker."
FG16: "(The training is) needed to keep guest's safe from people with no training."
FG18: "Training is necessary to keep consumers safe from non-educated cooks."
FI10: "...we have never been given a violation so I don't feel the need to spend money and time on
training when we have not had any violations."
FI1: "My truck follows the required regulations in the areas we operate and none of those areas stated
that we have to do extra training."

Notes: FG, focus groups; FI, face-to-face interviews.

participants, none of the participants would go above and
beyond the minimum training requirements set forth by
their city or county.
Challenges for providing food safety training
In the focus group sessions, time was discussed (23%)
and determined to be a major issue related to food safety
training provisions. One manager who utilized ServSafe as a
training method stated that "The training is time consuming
and it cost the loss of a whole day."
The need for monetary resources was discussed by four
food truck owners and managers (16%) during the faceto-face interviews as a barrier to training employees on a
monthly basis. The lack of adequate facilities is an additional
setback that was identified as a barrier to providing training
on a monthly schedule. For example, one participant stated,
"I have no location to have my staff all be in the same place."
It was mentioned by 15 (71.4%) food truck owners and
managers in the face-to-face interviews that the physical
layout of the truck also added to the problem of conducting
the training sessions (e.g., "The layout of a food truck makes
it a problem to train, it is way too tight for employees to be
cramped in there to train..."). Owners and managers that
prepared food in a commissary kitchen stated that they did
not want to pay extra out of their pockets to use or rent the
kitchen for training purposes.
Food safety training methods
In addition to ServSafe training either through traditional
classroom or online settings, other training methods used

by the participants in the focus groups to expose their
employees to food safety training included role-play and onthe-job-training. As seen in Table 3, the participants in the
focus groups felt that time-saving solutions for training were
needed so that they would be more motivated to implement
the training on a regular basis. It was mentioned by two
participants that having a smartphone or tablet application
would be something that they could incorporate into their
training for menu planning and cooking. Additionally, the
participants in the focus groups discussed the use of visual
aids on the food truck as a training method.
Food truck owners and managers in the face-to-face
interviews revealed similar opinions on the training
methods, with one of them specifically commenting on the
lack of food safety apps that facilitated the process of getting
certified. Another interviewee discussed the value of "mock
situations" so that employees are more exposed to various
scenarios related to food safety. A few participants further
discussed the importance of utilizing role-play techniques
before each shift or lineup. Role-playing prior to beginning
a shift brings greater awareness and reinforcement in the
execution of safety practices by the employees, according to
one participant.
Food truck food safety practices and concerns:
Equipment
The participants in the focus group sessions were
asked to discuss their views on the aspects of food safety
practices and concerns that are specific to the mobile food
environment. As Table 4 shows, equipment was discussed

November/December Food Protection Trends

417



Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020

Characterizing Microbial Cross-Contamination on Large Surfaces Using a Traditional “Cloth and Bucket” Disinfection Method
Sanitation Monitoring of Stainless Steel Surfaces with a Test for Total Adenylates
Variability in the Microbial Profile of Retail Cricket Powders in the U.S. Retail Market
Exploring Food Truck Food Safety Training and Practices in the United States: A Qualitative Study
Use of the Theory of Planned Behavior to Determine Food Safety Behavioral Intentions among Child Nutrition Employees
Produce Safety Alliance Train-the-Trainer Course: Developing Trainers to Support Fruit and Vegetable Growers
Beyond the Bio Manpreet Singh
PDG Highlight Food Packaging Professional Development Group
General Interest Paper Exploring Novel Technologies to Enhance Food Safety Training and Research Opportunities
General Interest Paper Food Safety and Quality Data Management Using Artificial Intelligence
Industry Products
Coming Events
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - Cover1
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - Cover2
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 385
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 386
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 387
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 388
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 389
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 390
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 391
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - Characterizing Microbial Cross-Contamination on Large Surfaces Using a Traditional “Cloth and Bucket” Disinfection Method
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 393
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 394
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 395
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 396
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 397
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 398
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 399
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 400
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 401
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - Sanitation Monitoring of Stainless Steel Surfaces with a Test for Total Adenylates
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 403
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 404
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 405
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 406
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - Variability in the Microbial Profile of Retail Cricket Powders in the U.S. Retail Market
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 408
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 409
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 410
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 411
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 412
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - Exploring Food Truck Food Safety Training and Practices in the United States: A Qualitative Study
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 414
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 415
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 416
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 417
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 418
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 419
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 420
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 421
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 422
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 423
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - Use of the Theory of Planned Behavior to Determine Food Safety Behavioral Intentions among Child Nutrition Employees
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 425
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 426
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 427
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 428
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 429
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 430
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 431
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 432
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 433
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 434
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - Produce Safety Alliance Train-the-Trainer Course: Developing Trainers to Support Fruit and Vegetable Growers
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 436
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 437
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 438
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 439
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 440
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 441
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 442
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 443
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 444
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 445
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 446
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 447
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 448
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 449
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 450
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 451
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - Beyond the Bio Manpreet Singh
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 453
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 454
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - PDG Highlight Food Packaging Professional Development Group
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - General Interest Paper Exploring Novel Technologies to Enhance Food Safety Training and Research Opportunities
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 457
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 458
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 459
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 460
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 461
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 462
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 463
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - General Interest Paper Food Safety and Quality Data Management Using Artificial Intelligence
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 465
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 466
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 467
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - Industry Products
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 469
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 470
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - 471
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - Coming Events
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - Cover3
Food Protection Trends - November/December 2020 - Cover4
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