Splash - May/June 2013 - (Page 16)
what to eat before,
DURiNg & AFTER
Christine Rosenbloom, PhD, RD, CSSD
HEIGHTENS ENERGY lEvElS!
he claims for special drinks, bars and chews for pre-, during-, and
after-workouts are spectacular, but do you really need them to
improve your performance? Ignore the hype and try real foods that
are proven to boost performance. They are also easy on the budget
and have no chance of being contaminated with banned substances.
by Alicia Kendig
ecovery nutrition is a staple of every heavy-training swimmer’s
Taking advantage of the time immediately following practice
(within 30 minutes of climbing out of the pool) will promote quicker
recovery and prepare you for the next training session.
Both protein and carbohydrates are crucial during this snack time
to encourage refueling and repair of tired, achy muscles.
To make this recovery snack even more powerful, the whey protein found in milk and greek yogurt (greek has twice as much protein
as regular kinds) is absorbed the best out of all other kinds of protein
and aggressively helps to repair and rebuild torn muscle for maximal
adaptation from training.
Recommended serving of protein immediately after training is
~10-20 grams, which is easily achieved in a serving of dairy foods
(milk, yogurt, cottage cheese, etc).
This quick, simple smoothie recipe is a well-deserved treat following a long training session. Packed full of carbohydrates and protein,
it packs a big punch of recovery-boosting energy and nutrients, which
are crucial when the next practice is only hours away. Enjoy, and
don’t forget, you deserve this treat!
1 Tbsp Natural Peanut Butter
2 cups 1% Chocolate Milk
6 oz. nonfat Greek yogurt, vanilla ½ cup crushed ice cubes
1 medium banana
Mix/blend all ingredients in blender. Serve immediately before ice
Saturated Fat: 2.3 g
Amount Per Serving:
Carbohydrates: 44.2 g
Calcium: 35.8% of DV
Protein: 17.2 g
Total Fat: 6.6g
SPLASH • May/June 2013
A pre-workout food should provide carbohydrate to top off your
stores of glycogen, sort of like topping off a tank of gas. A study from
University of California Davis compared plain water, commercial carbohydrate chews and raisins before and during exercise. The results?
Exercisers who ate raisins or the chews had faster times compared to
the plain water drinkers. What that means for swimmers is that eating
a carbohydrate-rich snack before a workout or competition is better
than plain water. The raisins were just as good as the expensive chews.
A small box of raisins (1.5 ounces or ¼ cup) contains 130 calories
and 31 grams of carbohydrate, and contains vitamins and minerals
with no artificial colors or flavors.
During a long, hard workout, consuming some carbohydrate helps
maintain blood sugar levels and wards off fatigue. Bananas were compared with commercial sports drinks to see if real food could maintain
blood sugar and reduce fatigue. There was no difference between the
two, so consider packing a banana or two for a poolside snack.
after workout Recovery
After exercise is the time to refuel and replenish your muscles. Two
nutrients are needed to do the job: protein and carbohydrate. Carbs
replace glycogen that was lost during a hard workout, and protein
supplies the building blocks to repair and rebuild muscle tissue. Carbs
also help the protein get into the muscles by elevating the production of the hormone insulin, a powerful anabolic hormone. Low-fat
chocolate milk provides both carbohydrate and protein and several
studies have shown it to be as good or better than commercial drinks.
For those with allergies to milk proteins, try chocolate soy milk.
A food-first approach is a great way to fuel a workout, before, during
and after exercise, so give it a try!
Christine Rosenbloom is a nutrition professor emerita at Georgia State
University and is editor-in-chief of Sports Nutrition: A Practice Manual
for Professionals, 5th Ed (2012). She welcomes questions from swimmers,
parents and coach at email@example.com.
Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Splash - May/June 2013
Splash - May/June 2013
Table of Contents
Swim Briefs/Justin Case
Top Ten Tweets/Point-Counterpoint
Strength and Conditioning: You don’t know Squat!
Nutrition: What to Eat Before, During and After a Workout
Mental Training: Quick Tips for Addressing Your Mental Concerns
Lessons from the Masters
Best Race Ever
Swim Nut Zeke
Getting To Know
America’s Swim Team Athletes
Splash - May/June 2013