District Administration June 2018 - 72

ProfessionalOpinion
Create positive climate
in not-quite 20 steps
An easy, objective way to assess beneficial behaviors and interactions in your schools
By Tom Hierck and Kent Peterson

D

ecades of research have established a clear link between a
positive school culture and
improved student outcomes. Many
K12 leaders try to foster a more positive
culture in their schools, using strategies
such as positive behavioral interventions
and supports (PBIS) to teach and reinforce good behavior among students.
But this raises some important questions. Is there an easy (and objective)
way to tell when a school has successfully achieved a positive climate? And,
with all the possible behaviors that
administrators could try to cultivate,
are some more conducive to achieving a
positive school culture than others?
Positivity ratio
To answer the first question, we turned
to research from Barbara Fredrickson,
professor of psychology at The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Fredrickson suggests that people are
more likely to flourish than to languish
when they experience a ratio of three
positive emotions for every negative one.
This would mean that about 75 per-

With all the possible
behaviors that
administrators could
try to cultivate, are
some more conducive
to achieving a positive
school culture than
others?
cent of the behaviors and interactions
occurring in a school would have to be
positive for that school's environment to
be considered healthy.
The nice thing about using the positivity ratio is that it's both straightforward and objective.
If a school has a behavior management platform in which teachers and
administrators can record both positive
and negative behaviors as they occur,
then it's a simple matter of looking at
the data: If at least three-fourths of the
behaviors logged in the system are char-

Our analysis revealed 19 student and staff behaviors that are most likely to
contribute to a positive school culture. They are, in no particular order:
* Showing pride in school
* Collaboration
* Kindness
* Taking pride in one's work
* Leadership
* Helping others
* Using time wisely
* Being prepared
* Love of learning
* Making good choices

72 June 2018

* Active listening
* Cooperation
* Using appropriate
communication
* Caring
* Self-reliance
* Perseverance/resilience
* Making an insightful comment
* Organization
* Going above and beyond

acterized as positive, then the school is
meeting its goal.
Identifying positive behaviors
Using the positivity ratio as our measuring stick, we then set out to answer
the second question: Are some student
behaviors more conducive to achieving
a positive school culture than others?
We analyzed data from 645 schools
that had logged student behaviors
using a behavior management system.
We examined more than 152 million
instances of behavior-both good and
bad-that were collected in the system
over a seven-year period.
Through cluster analysis, we identified a core set of positive behaviors that
were common in these schools. We call
these behaviors the "positive school culture inventory," or PSCI (see sidebar).
Successful schools logged almost 40 percent more of these behaviors than did
schools with lower positivity ratios. Our
white paper (DAmag.me/psci) describes
our study and methodology.
K12 leaders can use this knowledge
to decide which behaviors they want to
emphasize in their schools. We believe
that a focus on the behaviors that make
up the PSCI will enable them to foster a
positive school culture. DA
Tom Hierck is the author of Seven Keys
to a Positive Learning Environment in
Your Classroom. Kent Peterson is professor
emeritus in the Department of Educational
Leadership and Policy Analysis at the
University of Wisconsin-Madison.

DAmag.me/positive

District Administration


http://www.DAmag.me/psci http://www.DAmag.me/positive

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of District Administration June 2018

District Administration June 2018 - 1
District Administration June 2018 - Cover1
District Administration June 2018 - Cover2
District Administration June 2018 - 1
District Administration June 2018 - 2
District Administration June 2018 - 3
District Administration June 2018 - 4
District Administration June 2018 - 5
District Administration June 2018 - 6
District Administration June 2018 - 7
District Administration June 2018 - 8
District Administration June 2018 - 9
District Administration June 2018 - 10
District Administration June 2018 - 11
District Administration June 2018 - 12
District Administration June 2018 - 13
District Administration June 2018 - 14
District Administration June 2018 - 15
District Administration June 2018 - 16
District Administration June 2018 - 17
District Administration June 2018 - 18
District Administration June 2018 - 19
District Administration June 2018 - 20
District Administration June 2018 - 21
District Administration June 2018 - 22
District Administration June 2018 - 23
District Administration June 2018 - 24
District Administration June 2018 - 25
District Administration June 2018 - 26
District Administration June 2018 - 27
District Administration June 2018 - 28
District Administration June 2018 - 29
District Administration June 2018 - 30
District Administration June 2018 - 31
District Administration June 2018 - 32
District Administration June 2018 - 33
District Administration June 2018 - 34
District Administration June 2018 - 35
District Administration June 2018 - 36
District Administration June 2018 - 37
District Administration June 2018 - 38
District Administration June 2018 - 39
District Administration June 2018 - 40
District Administration June 2018 - 41
District Administration June 2018 - 42
District Administration June 2018 - 43
District Administration June 2018 - 44
District Administration June 2018 - 45
District Administration June 2018 - 46
District Administration June 2018 - 47
District Administration June 2018 - 48
District Administration June 2018 - 49
District Administration June 2018 - 50
District Administration June 2018 - 51
District Administration June 2018 - 52
District Administration June 2018 - 53
District Administration June 2018 - 54
District Administration June 2018 - 55
District Administration June 2018 - 56
District Administration June 2018 - 57
District Administration June 2018 - 58
District Administration June 2018 - 59
District Administration June 2018 - 60
District Administration June 2018 - 61
District Administration June 2018 - 62
District Administration June 2018 - 63
District Administration June 2018 - 64
District Administration June 2018 - 65
District Administration June 2018 - 66
District Administration June 2018 - 67
District Administration June 2018 - 68
District Administration June 2018 - 69
District Administration June 2018 - 70
District Administration June 2018 - 71
District Administration June 2018 - 72
District Administration June 2018 - Cover3
District Administration June 2018 - Cover4
District Administration June 2018 - 78
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0420
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0320
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0220
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0120
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_1119
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_1019
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0919
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0719
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0619
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0519
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0419
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0319
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0219
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0119
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/TechX_1218
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_1218
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_1118
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_1018
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0918
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0818
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0718
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/TechX_0618
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0618v3
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0518
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0418
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0318
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0218
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0118
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_1217
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/TechX_1217
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_1117
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_1017
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0917
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0817
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0717
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0617
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/TechX_0617
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0517
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0417
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0317
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0217
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_SR0117Final
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0117
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_1216
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_1116
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_1016
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0916
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0816
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0716
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0616
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0516
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA0416
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0316
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0216
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/1215
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201511
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201510
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201509
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201508
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201507
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201506
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201505
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201505_AudioVisualSolutions
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201504
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201503
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201502
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201501
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201412
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201411
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201410
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201409
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201408
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201407
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201406
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201405
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201405_AudioVisualSolutions
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201404
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201403
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201402
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201401
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201312
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201311
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201310
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201309
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201308
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201307
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201306
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201305
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201304
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201303
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201302
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201301
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201301_AudioVisualSolutions
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da1212
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da1112
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da1012
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0912
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0712
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0612
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0512
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0412
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0312
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0212
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da_avguide0112
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0112
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da1111
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da1011
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0911
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0711
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0611
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0511
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0411
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0311
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0211
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0111
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da1110
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da1010
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0910
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0710
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0610
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0510
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0410
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0310
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0210
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0110
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da1109
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da1009
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0909
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0809
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0609
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0509
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0409
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0309
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0209
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0109
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da1208
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da1108
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da1008
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0908
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0808
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0708
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0608
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0508
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0408
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0308
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0208
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0907
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0807
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0707
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0607
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0507
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0407
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0307
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0207
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0107
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da1206
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da1106
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da1006
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0906
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0806
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0706
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da-palm0606
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0606-av
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0606
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0506
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0406
http://www.nxtbookMEDIA.com