District Administration November 2017 - 45

"In the past, the theory
was to not let the
students know they
were learning math
because that would
scare them away."
-Jeanette Capshaw, Moore Norman
Technology Center.

tion, criminal justice and health. "We've
blurred the lines so everyone is going from
kindergarten to a job," he says.
Cumberland's elementary teachers play
a key role in getting the students in that
mindset, King says. All students in third
through fifth grade rotate through agriculture, STEM and human services units.
Then, all seventh-graders are given an
occupational assessment to see where their
aptitude and interests lie. From there, they
can try out classes in their fields of interest.
Eighth-graders attend a career fair with
representatives from local businesses and
tour their high schools to get an idea of
career programs they can join.
"Of course, some change their minds,
others expand their horizons and some
students consider two or three different
careers," King says.

National average
high school graduation rates
for students concentrating in
CTE programs

93 percent,

compared to an average for
non-CTE students of

80 percent

- Association for Career
and Technical Education

www.DistrictAdministration.com

The idea is to have students thinking
not just about careers, but about the education needed to get there-and as early
as possible.
For example, King says, future scientists will need a higher level of English
skills so they can write funding proposals
for experiments. Aspiring construction
workers should understand geometry, but
may not need pre-calculus.
But only 22 to 23 percent of occupations call for a four-year degree, while 75
percent require something else, such as a
two-year degree or a post-high school apprenticeship, King says.
The local business community played
a big role in building Cumberland's CTE
program. Many members of the community participate in a business advisory
council that meets twice per year to give
its recommendations on what's needed in
the local workforce.
For example, the district implemented
EMT and pre-nursing classes after the
council indicated persistent shortages in
those fields.
"There are 6 million jobs in the skills
area that are not filled and have a starting
salary of $62,000 a year," King says. "You
can make a great living doing something
that doesn't require a college degree."
Pave a pathway
Students at Charlotte-Mecklenburg
School District in North Carolina also begin CTE journeys in middle school, where
they experience multiple career sectors.
As they move into high school, their
CTE choice becomes a four-year pathway that includes work-based programs,
job shadowing and internships. Core
academic classes are still required, but the
CTE program shapes students' class load.
Ultimately, students graduate with certifications that have value to employers,
says Akeshia Craven-Howell, associate superintendent for student assignment and
school choice.
"We want students to see a pathway
that goes directly to a two-year degree pro-

ACADEMIC CONNECTIONS-Moore
Norman Technology Center in
Oklahoma infuses tech into just
about every one of its CTE programs.

gram," she says. "There are a lot of 'middle
jobs' that don't require a college degree, but
do require some education beyond high
school." The district urges students to complete their chosen four-year CTE pathway,
even if they decide not to go into that field.
For employers, there is a lot of value
in employees who have been able to persist through a four-year program, CravenHowell says. "It shows teamwork, collaboration, communication," she says.
"The students have industry credentials that, even if they're not useful in the
area they go into, is résumé building. It's
something that you've earned in addition
to your diploma."
While a pathway offers authentic skills
needed in the workforce, each also contains transferable skills. If a student is on a
welding career track, but later decides they
prefer healthcare, their core education in
math, science and English will be sufficient for them to transfer.
The programs pay off in terms of
higher-than-average graduation rates,
Craven-Howell says. "People think of
CTE as vocational, but that's not where
it is anymore," she says. "Very few economically sustainable pathways don't require technology." DA
Shawna De La Rosa is a freelance writer in
California.

November 2017 45


http://www.DistrictAdministration.com

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of District Administration November 2017

District Administration November 2017 - Cover1
District Administration November 2017 - Cover2
District Administration November 2017 - 1
District Administration November 2017 - 2
District Administration November 2017 - 3
District Administration November 2017 - 4
District Administration November 2017 - 5
District Administration November 2017 - 6
District Administration November 2017 - 7
District Administration November 2017 - 8
District Administration November 2017 - 9
District Administration November 2017 - 10
District Administration November 2017 - 11
District Administration November 2017 - 12
District Administration November 2017 - 13
District Administration November 2017 - 14
District Administration November 2017 - 15
District Administration November 2017 - 16
District Administration November 2017 - 17
District Administration November 2017 - 18
District Administration November 2017 - 19
District Administration November 2017 - 20
District Administration November 2017 - 21
District Administration November 2017 - 22
District Administration November 2017 - 23
District Administration November 2017 - 24
District Administration November 2017 - 25
District Administration November 2017 - 26
District Administration November 2017 - 27
District Administration November 2017 - 28
District Administration November 2017 - 29
District Administration November 2017 - 30
District Administration November 2017 - 31
District Administration November 2017 - 32
District Administration November 2017 - 33
District Administration November 2017 - 34
District Administration November 2017 - 35
District Administration November 2017 - 36
District Administration November 2017 - 37
District Administration November 2017 - 38
District Administration November 2017 - 39
District Administration November 2017 - 40
District Administration November 2017 - 41
District Administration November 2017 - 42
District Administration November 2017 - 43
District Administration November 2017 - 44
District Administration November 2017 - 45
District Administration November 2017 - 46
District Administration November 2017 - 47
District Administration November 2017 - 48
District Administration November 2017 - 49
District Administration November 2017 - 50
District Administration November 2017 - 51
District Administration November 2017 - 52
District Administration November 2017 - 53
District Administration November 2017 - 54
District Administration November 2017 - 55
District Administration November 2017 - 56
District Administration November 2017 - 57
District Administration November 2017 - 58
District Administration November 2017 - 59
District Administration November 2017 - 60
District Administration November 2017 - 61
District Administration November 2017 - 62
District Administration November 2017 - 63
District Administration November 2017 - 64
District Administration November 2017 - 65
District Administration November 2017 - 66
District Administration November 2017 - 67
District Administration November 2017 - 68
District Administration November 2017 - Cover3
District Administration November 2017 - Cover4
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0320
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0220
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0120
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_1119
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_1019
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0919
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0719
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0619
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0519
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0419
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0319
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0219
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0119
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/TechX_1218
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_1218
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_1118
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_1018
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0918
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0818
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0718
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/TechX_0618
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0618v3
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0518
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0418
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0318
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0218
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0118
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_1217
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/TechX_1217
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_1117
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_1017
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0917
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0817
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0717
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0617
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/TechX_0617
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0517
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0417
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0317
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0217
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_SR0117Final
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0117
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_1216
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_1116
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_1016
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0916
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0816
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0716
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0616
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0516
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA0416
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0316
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA_0216
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/DA
http://www.nxtbook.com/pmg/DA/1215
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201511
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201510
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201509
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201508
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201507
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201506
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201505
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201505_AudioVisualSolutions
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201504
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201503
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201502
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201501
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201412
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201411
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201410
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201409
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201408
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201407
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201406
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201405
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201405_AudioVisualSolutions
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201404
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201403
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201402
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201401
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201312
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201311
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201310
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201309
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201308
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201307
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201306
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201305
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201304
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201303
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201302
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201301
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da201301_AudioVisualSolutions
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da1212
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da1112
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da1012
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0912
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0712
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0612
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0512
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0412
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0312
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0212
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da_avguide0112
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0112
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da1111
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da1011
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0911
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0711
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0611
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0511
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0411
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0311
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0211
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0111
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da1110
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da1010
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0910
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0710
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0610
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0510
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0410
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0310
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0210
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0110
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da1109
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da1009
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0909
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0809
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0609
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0509
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0409
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0309
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0209
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0109
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da1208
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da1108
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da1008
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0908
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0808
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0708
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0608
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0508
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0408
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0308
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0208
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0907
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0807
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0707
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0607
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0507
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0407
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0307
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0207
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0107
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da1206
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da1106
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da1006
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0906
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0806
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0706
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da-palm0606
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0606-av
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0606
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0506
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pmg/da0406
http://www.nxtbookMEDIA.com