Truck & Off-Highway Engineering - December 2021 - 14

STEEL SECTOR aids sustainability efforts
Volvo recently revealed the first vehicle made of
fossil-free steel from SSAB, a load carrier for use in
mining and quarrying. More vehicles will follow in 2022.
Volvo Group partners with SSAB on 'green steel' for off-highway machines and
with Ovako for access to fossil-free hydrogen.
by Ryan Gehm
A
lternative propulsion technologies such as batteries and hydrogen
fuel cells garner much of the attention for how the
commercial-vehicle and off-highway sectors can reduce their
climate impact. Volvo Group is no exception, expending significant
development resources on such solutions. But the company
prides itself on identifying new ways to achieve " net zero " - thus, its
collaboration with steel makers SSAB and Ovako targeting cleaner
vehicle and hydrogen production.
Volvo's " green steel " collaboration with SSAB is centered on creating
fossil-free vehicles. In 2020, 1.87 million tonnes of crude steel
were produced worldwide, 16% of which was destined for the transport
sector, according to the World Steel Association. Around 70% of
a truck's weight comes from steel and cast iron, Volvo said, and the
figure for its construction machines is even higher.
In October, Volvo revealed the world's-first vehicle made of fossilfree
steel from SSAB - a load carrier for use in mining and quarrying.
More vehicles will follow in 2022, said Volvo Group president and CEO
Martin Lundstedt, in what will become a series of concept vehicles and
components using the sustainable steel. The components will be
across Volvo's product ranges, with a step-by-step approach, he said.
Lundstedt reinforced Volvo Group's commitment to be climateneutral
and achieve net-zero value chain greenhouse gas (GHG)
emissions by 2040. Along with the electrification of its vehicles and
machines, Volvo is determined to reduce the carbon footprint of its
entire supply chain, he said.
" The initiative with SSAB sets the benchmark for a fossil-free future, "
Lundstedt said during the concept vehicle's reveal. " Just as the
nations of the world come together at COP26 [the United Nations
Climate Change conference, held in Glasgow, Scotland] to address
climate change, so too must organizations and industries work in
collaboration to develop innovative new solutions for a GHG emission-free
future. Volvo Group is committed to develop attractive, safe
14 December 2021
and efficient new vehicles and machines that pave the
way for a more sustainable transport and infrastructure
system adopted for the future. "
The dumper/hauler concept was produced at Volvo
CE's facility in Braås, Sweden. The first units will be
test vehicles. Smaller-scale series production and first
customer deliveries are planned by early 2022, with
mass production set to follow.
" Our collaboration with Volvo Group shows that
green transition is possible and brings results, " said
Martin Lindqvist, president and CEO at SSAB. " Together,
we will continue reducing climate impact all the way to
the end customer while ensuring that our customers
get high-quality steel. We look forward to continuing to
work with Volvo Group in research and development to
produce more fossil-free steel products. "
HYBRIT process
SSAB aims to start supplying fossil-free steel at a commercial
scale in 2026, including from its Americas operations.
SSAB Americas' modern steel mills are located
in Mobile, Alabama, and Montpelier, Iowa.
Five years ago, iron ore producer LKAB, energy company
Vattenfall and SSAB collaborated to create HYBRIT
(Hydrogen Breakthrough Ironmaking Technology). The
result of the HYBRIT process is hydrogen-reduced sponge
iron that is then melted in an electric arc furnace. The
sponge iron is produced at a pilot plant in Luleå, Sweden.
In July, SSAB Oxelösund in Sweden rolled the first
steel produced using HYBRIT sponge iron, which is
reduced by 100% fossil-free hydrogen instead of coal
TRUCK & OFF-HIGHWAY ENGINEERING
VOLVO GROUP

Truck & Off-Highway Engineering - December 2021

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Truck & Off-Highway Engineering - December 2021

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