Aerospace & Defense Technology - December 2021 - 26

RF & Microwave Technology
Although AI can enable sensors to
work autonomously, interpret the data
they create, and make recommendations
on how to meet a mission's objectives,
the actual decisions will be left to human
commanders. The key to making that
work is to show those commanders,
throughout the development and implementation
of new technologies, that AI
is interpreting the battlefield correctly
and generating good advice, Wright said.
Effectors
Effectors - a term that encompasses missiles, mortars, and non-kinetic weapons - have two main roles in
JADC2: to defeat targets and to create data of their own. (Raytheon Technologies)
The demonstration also showed that
sensors from across that force can warn
the tanker of potential threats, helping
it re-route accordingly and survive its
own missions.
Artificial Intelligence and Machine
Learning
Another method to build in that resiliency
is the use of artificial intelligence
and machine learning to achieve
what's known as " cognitive data management. "
Basically, that would mean a
smart system, built on a lattice of connected
information nodes, that optimizes
the flow of data, dedicating bandwidth
to high-priority tasks and moving
essential mission data despite low-quality
or disrupted networks.
" By automatically adapting to mission
contexts, the right data is available
at the right time to the right person or
machine, " said Jim Wright, technical director
for the intelligence, surveillance,
and reconnaissance systems organization
at Raytheon Intelligence & Space.
" There is no alternative in the future
high-tempo fight. "
Directing the flow of data - and redirecting
it when parts of the network fail
- is just one way JADC2 would use artificial
intelligence and machine learning.
The others fall into two main categories:
" sense-making, " or the aggregation and
analysis of data, and then using that
analysis to advise military commanders
about their next moves.
26
Intro
Cov
The JADC2 network, with its hundreds
or even thousands of data sources, would
produce far more information than any
person could possibly compute - at
least not at the speed of battle. But AI
software and powerful processors are up
to the task. That is part of why Raytheon
Intelligence & Space is working with
C3.ai, an AI software company, to provide
AI technologies for government customers
including the intelligence community
and the U.S. Air Force, which has
been at the fore of JADC2 with its part of
the concept known as the Advanced Battle
Management System.
" The U.S. military's Internet of Things
will consist of millions of intelligent
nodes - satellites, autonomous aircraft,
self-driving ground vehicles, unmanned
submarines - that continuously collect
and share data, " said Ed Abbo, C3.ai's
president and chief technology officer.
" AI and machine learning will play a
critical role to interpret and optimize
battlespace operations in milliseconds
rather than minutes, hours, and days. "
Also in the works at Raytheon Technologies:
a prototype for the U.S. Army's
Tactical Intelligence Targeting Access
Node, a ground station that can find
and track potential threats by quickly
combing through immense amounts of
sensor data. Collins will contribute its
expertise in the use of open systems architecture
for communications - a key
to meeting the military's desire for fast
and efficient upgrades.
www.aerodefensetech.com
ToC
+
-
Much of the conversation about
JADC2 focuses on the concept itself -
the networking of disparate sensors and
systems, the analysis of data, and the creation
of critical, real-time intelligence.
But there's even more to it than that,
said Jonathan Selby, a retired U.S. Marine
Corps helicopter pilot who now works
for Raytheon Missiles & Defense.
" JADC2 is a means to an end, " he said.
" The end is effective warfighting. "
Selby's role in supporting JADC2 focuses
on the use of effectors - a term
that encompasses missiles, mortars, and
essentially anything else that can be used
to defeat or degrade a target. " JADC2 is all
about the deployment of effectors, " he
said. " Whether that's a rifleman shooting
a bullet, a missile shooting an airplane, or
a tank shooting another tank, this is all
about effecting change in the adversary. "
Effectors have two main roles in
JADC2: to defeat targets and to create data
of their own. Just as the sensors that have
traditionally cued effectors undergo fundamental
changes themselves - such as
the Office of Naval Research's Flexible Distributed
Array Radar - effectors, too, are
evolving. Missiles with sophisticated computer
processors and two-way data links,
for example, are far more than weapons
- they've become flying sensors.
There are two main benefits to the types
of data effectors can produce, Selby said.
One is granularity - an up-close, realtime
look at a mission theater or even a
specific engagement; the other is battle
damage assessment - a confirmation
that the weapon worked, which is often a
cue for the next action in the battle plan.
This article was contributed by Raytheon
Technologies Corp., Waltham, MA. For more
information, visit http://info.hotims.com/
79420-512.
Aerospace & Defense Technology, December 2021
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http://www.C3.ai http://info.hotims.com/79420-512 http://www.aerodefensetech.com http://info.hotims.com/79420-922

Aerospace & Defense Technology - December 2021

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Aerospace & Defense Technology - December 2021

Aerospace & Defense Technology - December 2021 - Intro
Aerospace & Defense Technology - December 2021 - Sponsor
Aerospace & Defense Technology - December 2021 - Cov1
Aerospace & Defense Technology - December 2021 - Cov2
Aerospace & Defense Technology - December 2021 - 1
Aerospace & Defense Technology - December 2021 - 2
Aerospace & Defense Technology - December 2021 - 3
Aerospace & Defense Technology - December 2021 - 4
Aerospace & Defense Technology - December 2021 - 5
Aerospace & Defense Technology - December 2021 - 6
Aerospace & Defense Technology - December 2021 - 7
Aerospace & Defense Technology - December 2021 - 8
Aerospace & Defense Technology - December 2021 - 9
Aerospace & Defense Technology - December 2021 - 10
Aerospace & Defense Technology - December 2021 - 11
Aerospace & Defense Technology - December 2021 - 12
Aerospace & Defense Technology - December 2021 - 13
Aerospace & Defense Technology - December 2021 - 14
Aerospace & Defense Technology - December 2021 - 15
Aerospace & Defense Technology - December 2021 - 16
Aerospace & Defense Technology - December 2021 - 17
Aerospace & Defense Technology - December 2021 - 18
Aerospace & Defense Technology - December 2021 - 19
Aerospace & Defense Technology - December 2021 - 20
Aerospace & Defense Technology - December 2021 - 21
Aerospace & Defense Technology - December 2021 - 22
Aerospace & Defense Technology - December 2021 - 23
Aerospace & Defense Technology - December 2021 - 24
Aerospace & Defense Technology - December 2021 - 25
Aerospace & Defense Technology - December 2021 - 26
Aerospace & Defense Technology - December 2021 - 27
Aerospace & Defense Technology - December 2021 - 28
Aerospace & Defense Technology - December 2021 - 29
Aerospace & Defense Technology - December 2021 - 30
Aerospace & Defense Technology - December 2021 - 31
Aerospace & Defense Technology - December 2021 - 32
Aerospace & Defense Technology - December 2021 - 33
Aerospace & Defense Technology - December 2021 - 34
Aerospace & Defense Technology - December 2021 - 35
Aerospace & Defense Technology - December 2021 - 36
Aerospace & Defense Technology - December 2021 - 37
Aerospace & Defense Technology - December 2021 - 38
Aerospace & Defense Technology - December 2021 - 39
Aerospace & Defense Technology - December 2021 - 40
Aerospace & Defense Technology - December 2021 - Cov3
Aerospace & Defense Technology - December 2021 - Cov4
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