Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 17

Desired waveform of DC input
Desired waveform of AC input
i(t)
tt
i(t)
=
~
~
~
Battery DC link capacitorTransistors3-phase motor
Figure 1. A diagram of a Bosch three-phase inverter's core circuitry. The battery provides DC current,
which is converted to a three-phase AC current by the action of three sets of transistors. By switching
on and off in a precise sequence, the transistors produce alternating current in three distinct
phases, causing the car's drive motor to rotate. To make the motor's performance as smooth as
possible, the DC link capacitor helps manage the input current that is fed to the transistors.
its drive motor. The inverter's ability to
provide a smooth flow of current depends
on its integral DC link capacitor.
" The capacitor is one of the most expensive
components of the inverter. Its
performance has a direct impact on the
performance and reliability of the inverter,
which is fundamental to the operation
of the drivetrain, " explained
Martin Kessler, Bosch's senior expert
for automotive electronics.
For the global automotive sector to
meet its ambitious electrification goals,
inverters and their capacitors must undergo
continuous improvement and optimization.
Kessler and his team rely on
multiphysics simulation to test and refine
Bosch's DC link capacitors. Their
simulation-enabled predictive analysis
complements and optimizes the live prototyping
of new designs. " It is simply not
possible to predict potential problems
with testing alone; we need both simulation
and prototyping working hand in
hand, " said Kessler.
End Spray
Heavily Metallized
Area
Metallization Area
Unmetallized
Margin
Figure 2. DC link capacitors are made from metallized polypropylene film, which is wound into an
elongated canister shape.
Tech Briefs, June 2022
www.techbriefs.com
Indispensable Inverter, Crucial
Capacitor
To make a fully electric car, it is not
enough to replace the engine with an
electric motor and the gas tank with a battery.
Such familiar devices are only parts
of a larger system, which helps deliver
smooth, reliable performance by adjusting
to the constantly varying conditions
under which every vehicle must operate.
The role of the inverter in an automotive
drivetrain is simple in concept, but
complex in practice. The inverter must
satisfy the AC demands of the motor
with the DC provided by the battery, but
it must also adjust to ongoing fluctuations
in load, charge, temperature, and
other factors that can affect the behavior
of each part of the system. All of this
must occur within tight cost and spatial
constraints, and the component must
sustain this performance for years to
come (Figure 1).
To understand the inverter's function,
consider what a three-phase AC motor
17
TB Feature 1 0622_1.indd 17
Cov
ToC
5/19/22 6:25 PM
http://www.techbriefs.com http://info.hotims.com/82322-850

Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022

Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - Intro
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - Sponsor
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - Band1
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - Band2
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - Cov1
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - Cov2
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 1
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 2
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 3
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 4
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 5
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 6
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 7
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 8
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 9
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 10
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 11
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 12
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 13
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 14
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 15
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 16
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 17
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 18
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 19
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 20
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 21
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 22
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 23
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 24
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 25
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 26
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 27
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 28
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 29
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 30
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 31
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 32
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 33
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 34
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 35
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 36
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 37
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 38
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 39
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 40
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 41
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 42
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 43
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 44
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 45
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 46
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 47
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 48
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 49
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 50
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 51
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 52
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 53
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 54
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 55
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - 56
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - Cov3
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - Cov4
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - MD-Cov1
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - MD-Cov2
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - MD-1
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - MD-2
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - MD-3
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - MD-4
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - MD-5
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - MD-6
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - MD-7
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - MD-8
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - MD-9
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - MD-10
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - MD-11
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - MD-12
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - MD-13
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - MD-14
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - MD-15
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - MD-16
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - MD-17
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - MD-18
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - MD-19
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - MD-20
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - MD-21
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - MD-22
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - MD-23
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - MD-24
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - MD-Cov3
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - MD-Cov4
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - Sensor-Cov1
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - Sensor-Cov2
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - Sensor-1
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - Sensor-2
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - Sensor-3
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - Sensor-4
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - Sensor-5
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - Sensor-6
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - Sensor-7
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - Sensor-8
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - Sensor-9
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - Sensor-10
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - Sensor-11
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - Sensor-12
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - Sensor-13
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - Sensor-14
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - Sensor-15
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - Sensor-16
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - Sensor-17
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - Sensor-18
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - Sensor-19
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - Sensor-20
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - Sensor-21
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - Sensor-22
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - Sensor-23
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - Sensor-24
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - Sensor-Cov3
Tech Briefs Magazine - June 2022 - Sensor-Cov4
https://www.nxtbook.com/smg/techbriefs/22TB09
https://www.nxtbook.com/smg/techbriefs/22TB08
https://www.nxtbook.com/smg/techbriefs/22TB07
https://www.nxtbook.com/smg/techbriefs/22TB06
https://www.nxtbook.com/smg/techbriefs/22TB05-P
https://www.nxtbook.com/smg/techbriefs/22TB05-D
https://www.nxtbook.com/smg/techbriefs/22TB04
https://www.nxtbook.com/smg/techbriefs/22TB03
https://www.nxtbook.com/smg/techbriefs/22TB02
https://www.nxtbook.com/smg/techbriefs/22TB01
https://www.nxtbook.com/smg/techbriefs/21TB12
https://www.nxtbook.com/smg/techbriefs/21TB11
https://www.nxtbook.com/smg/techbriefs/21TB10
https://www.nxtbook.com/smg/techbriefs/21TB09
https://www.nxtbook.com/smg/techbriefs/21TB08
https://www.nxtbook.com/smg/techbriefs/21TB07
https://www.nxtbook.com/smg/techbriefs/21TB06
https://www.nxtbook.com/smg/techbriefs/21TB05
https://www.nxtbook.com/smg/techbriefs/21TB04
https://www.nxtbook.com/smg/techbriefs/21BT03
https://www.nxtbook.com/smg/techbriefs/21TB02
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com