Tech Briefs Magazine - July 2022 - 30

Materials
The infrastructure and construction industries have been paying considerable attention to how the advancement of material and process engineering
can bring about sustainability in their products.
protects their troops to how this very article was written with a
supporting role by artificial intelligence. Yes, every time you sit
down at your laptop to write using spell-check, Grammarly, or
any other cloud-based typing assistant that reviews spelling,
grammar, punctuation, clarity, engagement, and delivery mistakes,
you are using AI.
The fact is an entire industry is forming around how AI can
help everyday businesses do better. According to Earth.org, Google
uses an AI model to reduce the energy load of its resource-hungry
data centers, reducing the energy cost of cooling by 40 percent,
IBM uses AI for better weather forecasting, making their
predictions 30 percent more accurate. This helps renewable energy
companies better manage their plants, maximize renewable
energy production, and reduce carbon emissions. Xcel Energy, a
coal-burning and nitrous oxide-emitting utility company, uses AI
to predict energy consumption patterns better and adapt its operating
systems, thus significantly boosting efficiency. Carbon
Tracker, a climate advocacy think-tank, uses AI to track emissions
from coal plants using satellite imagery. Using satellite data, they
help guide investments toward lower-footprint ventures.
New Business Model
For companies in the composites and process engineering
industry to compete, we must collectively embrace energy efficiency,
carbon neutrality, and biological materials as a new
business model. Automobiles and trucks have seen the most
attention in developing composite structure usage to establish
lightweighting trends needed to meet imposed regulations.
Carmakers embraced glass and carbon fiber technologies and
(initially) with thermoset resins and rapid cure processes.
30
More recently, cars are built with structural thermoplastic
systems, and automated manufacturing equipment development
is used to manage a variety of composite methods that
have decreased overall production time and waste. Hydrogen
technology will play a more critical part in cars, and automotive
" end-of-life " regulations will require more attention to recycling
and bio-derived materials.
The infrastructure and construction industries have been paying
considerable attention to how the advancement of material
and process engineering can bring about sustainability in their
products: power poles, light poles, for example, use filament-wound
or pultruded composites.
Guard rails, rebar, transmission power lines, flooring/grating,
and protective walls (some that are fire resistant) embrace the
many attributes of composites to make their products more robust,
lighter, and with a longer life span, all of which mean more
sustainable products.
Material and process engineers have dedicated the past 50
years to energy technology, in wind, tidal, solar, geothermal, oil
and gas, and transportation/conversion. They are looking into
the future to embrace new, emerging markets:
* Hydrogen technologies (growth arena for past 10+ years)
* Fuel cell technologies
* Battery technologies (often within structures)
* Electrification aspects
In addition, lessons learned in hydrogen " packaging " within
various configurations was developed in the 1970-1980s from
the CNG/LPG tank technologies with thermoset/thermoplastic
resin filament-wound pressure vessels are now being used to
create the e-vehicles of the future.
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Tech Briefs, July 2022
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Tech Briefs Magazine - July 2022

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Tech Briefs Magazine - July 2022

Tech Briefs Magazine - July 2022 - Intro
Tech Briefs Magazine - July 2022 - Sponsor
Tech Briefs Magazine - July 2022 - Cov1
Tech Briefs Magazine - July 2022 - Cov2
Tech Briefs Magazine - July 2022 - 1
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Tech Briefs Magazine - July 2022 - 43
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