Medical Design Briefs - July 2023 - 10

Innovations
Drive
Improved
Orthopedic
Prosthetic
Implants
T
10
he first ever bone plate that was implanted
in a human body is reported to be in the
1560s, centuries before the advent of anesthesia.
Since then, there has been no looking back
in the implants sector, and further upgrades in
medical inventions have led the way to the development of
orthopedic prosthetic implants.
Orthopedic prosthetic implants are utilized either to replace
a damaged body part enabling proper functioning with improved
strength, or to make an available fixation point of bone
to hold the implant.
Each year, more than 500,000 patients globally suffer a spinal
cord injury for reasons ranging from sports-related trauma and
road accidents to increasing incidences of spondylolisthesis and
disc degenerative conditions, and more, according to the National
Center for Biotechnology Information. These incidents lead to severe
health conditions, and in some cases, a patient can even be
confined to a wheelchair. In many cases, orthopedic prosthetic implants
can enable such patients to get regain their mobility.
Artificial limbs, spinal fusion, joint replacement, and plates and
screws are a few orthopedic prosthetic implants in use today. Although
these implants don't create a new life, they surely improve
the quality of life, allowing patients to live without the discomfort
that chronic pain, deformities, or injuries bring.
Types of Prosthetic Implants and Their Uses
Orthopedic implants can be permanent, such as replacements
of knees, ankles, shoulders, and hips, or temporary, such as
screws,
pins, and
plates, which
are used for inserting
and fixing implants in
the correct position of the body.
The most common types of orthopedic prosthetic implants are
screws, plates, and prostheses.
Screws. They look similar to the ones found at any hardware
store and also serve the same purpose. The screws used during
implant surgeries tighten the damaged areas, produce compression,
and repair a fractured bone.
Plates. In the 1880s, orthopedic plates were used to fix long
bone fractures, and since then, these plates have been and remain
a successful treatment for fractures or reconstruction. Plates should
have a proper thickness, width, and length to hold and support
both sides of the fractured bones. There are five basic types of orthopedic
plates (see Table 1).
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Medical Design Briefs - July 2023

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Medical Design Briefs - July 2023 - Cov1A
Medical Design Briefs - July 2023 - Cov1B
Medical Design Briefs - July 2023 - Cov1
Medical Design Briefs - July 2023 - Cov2
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