Meat&Poultry - March 2013 - (Page 78)

From the Corral BY DR. TEMPLE GRANDIN Slow and steady improvements steers with extremely heavily muscled in the Journal of Animal Science, which rear ends that were reluctant to walk, compared a sophisticated loading gan- probably due to overuse of beta-ag- try with a standard loading ramp. The onists or poor uneven feed mixing. study was done by researchers at Iowa During hot weather, I have ob- State Univ. and Jeffrey Hill in Alber- served some cattle that were heat ta, Canada. The traditional ramp was stressed with extended tongues and only 30-inches wide and the slope was recent survey done by Kansas A open mouth breathing. Many of these 19 degrees. The loading gantry was State Univ. indicates that feedlots animals were sore-footed lame. I am 36-inches wide and it had a more grad- in Kansas have improved their han- willing to evaluate everything on ual slope. dling. A total of 56 commercial feed- an outcome basis. I don’t care what The percentage of pigs that fell, lots were surveyed while cattle were you fed them, but stiff, lame or heat- jammed or piled up on the loading being handled in the squeeze chute stressed cattle are never acceptable. gantry were significantly lower. The for vaccinations. At each feedlot, 100 loading gantry is extremely expensive, cattle were observed and handling was Pig loading and the simpler ramp that I observed scored similar to the AMI guidelines. Recently, I had the opportunity to ob- at the pig farm had the two most im- The average scores at the 56 feed- portant features, which accounted for had a simple, economical, portable the improvements in handling. prod: 4 percent. Cattle falling when exit- pig-loading ramp. It was on a 15-de- When I looked at the falling scores ing the squeeze chute: 0.2 percent. Cat- gree slope and two 275-lb. market on the loading gantry vs. the tradition- tle vocalizing while entering the squeeze hogs could easily walk up side-by-side. al chute, they were 62 percent vs. 12 chute and during catching: 0.9 percent. The width has to be just right at about percent. These are atrocious scores. Cattle that ran or jumped when exiting: 6 36 inches. If it is too wide, a third pig When I called the author, he admitted percent. Cattle caught in the wrong po- will cause jamming and if it was only that the loading crew used an electric sition in the squeeze chute: 0.2 percent. 30 inches wide, the two pigs will jam. prod on every pig. These scores are all at the excel- The metal floor had round metal rod Design makes a difference. A chute lent level and can serve as a baseline. cleats spaced 8 inches apart. It had a that’s 36-inches wide with a 15-degree Unfortunately, there are some areas catwalk on one side and convenient slope, can provide similar benefits. ■ where I’ve seen problems. I have ob- racks for storing parcels and driving served problems with fed cattle that aids. The falling score and electric are difficult to handle. During cold prod score on this ramp was 0 percent. weather, I have observed stiff feedlot 78 78 serve loading pigs at the farm. They lots were: Cattle moved with an electric An article was recently published • Meat&Poultr y • March 2013 • Mea Poultr Me Meat&Poultry ea Poult o tr March 2013 arc 013 arc 01 r 13 w ww.MeatPoultr w w Mea oult ww w. e l o Dr. Temple Grandin operates Grandin Livestock Systems Inc. Fort Collins, Colo., and is a faculty member in the animal science department at Colorado State Univ.

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Meat&Poultry - March 2013

Meat&Poultry - March 2013
Table of Contents
Commentary - Food-safety déjà vu
Business Notes - Vilsack details sequester impact on meat industry
More horse meat detected in European products
Smithfield, Kansas City Sausage form jv
Tyson addresses plant closure, acquisitions
Sanderson to build poultry complex in Texas
USDA expected to OK horse-slaughter plant
Washington - Consequences of inspection cuts
Top 100 - This year's Top 100 ranking reflects the industry's evolution during challenging times
Corporate Citizenship - Sustainability-driven
Small Business Matters - Aiming to please
Ingredient Solutions - Accent on adventure
Pork Processing - Hog ties
Tools of the Trade - Cool Birds
Packaging Solutions - MAP mindsets
Show Preview - Worldwide welcome
From the Corral - Slow and steady improvements
Names in the News
New Product Showcase
Classified Advertising
The Insider

Meat&Poultry - March 2013