Culinology - June 2021 - 19

INGREDIENT trends
leverage this technology to solve one of the
world's most pressing problems. "
There's also a new approach to sourcing
animal protein that involves krill, the small,
shrimp-like planktonic crustacean found in
the open seas and consumed by a number
of larger animals, including whales. A new
ingredient from Aker BioMarine, Oslo,
Norway, was formulated for use in a range
of applications to promote healthier eating
while also being a sustainable protein
source.
" It is a highly concentrated protein isolate
provides a complete protein
Most plant proteins are missing one or more of the nine essential amino
acids, making them incomplete proteins. Exceptions include soy, quinoa,
chia seed and hemp, the latter being a relatively new ingredient option in
the plant protein space.
" The main challenge faced by hemp protein has historically been its
flavor profile, " said Chad Rosen, founder and chief operating officer,
Victory Hemp Foods, Carrollton, Ky. " Traditional hemp protein includes
the shells of the hemp seed, which contain tannins and chlorophyll,
contributing to its green color and bitter notes. We solved this by
developing novel processing that gives us protein from the heart of the
seed, resulting in a more than 70% protein powdered ingredient with a
very mild flavor profile and almost white color. "
Hemp seeds do not naturally contain cannabidiol (CBD) or
tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which are compounds found in other
parts of the cannabis plant. The seeds are about one-third protein and
are also high in omega-3 fatty acids. Recognizing hemp as a source
of nutrients, as well as a cash crop, federal regulators relaxed policy
governing the production and use of hemp in 2018. Today, many hemp
grain products are " generally recognized as safe " (GRAS) and exempt
from food additive tolerance requirements.
" In other words, the GRAS designation allows hemp seeds to be
used in formulation of all food and beverage, " said Ben Raymond,
director of research and development. " The two major proteins in
hemp hearts - edestin and albumin - are easily digested and offer
compelling functional characteristics, including holding oil and water well
in meat analogs. "
Hemp heart proteins coagulate as they are cooked and firm similar
to meat, helping to create a juicy bite when formed into a patty. The
proteins also develop similar savory and umami flavors associated with
animal protein.
The company offers other hemp ingredients, including shelled hemp
seeds (hearts). They may be used in a similar fashion to nuts or seeds, in
particular grain-based baked goods and cereals.
" Hemp hearts may substitute for pine nuts in pesto, " Mr. Raymond
said. " They can be seasoned for a vegetable topper or sweetened and
used in chocolate brickle. "
18 | Culinology | JUNE 2021
with an average protein purity above 90%, "
said Lalen Dogan, vice president of Aker
BioMarine. " Containing all the essential amino
acids at proportions in line with the body's
need and (it) has a complete amino acid
profile. It has been enzymatically hydrolyzed
into predigested peptides, which promotes
rapid uptake into the body and better
mixability into beverages. Further, it is heatstable,
which allows for high-temperature
processing and minimal end-product
precipitation.
" With high solubility, it is ideal for
incorporation into powder and ready-to-drink
beverages, as well as broader food and
beverage applications for brands looking
to grow their product portfolio with a novel,
high-quality and sustainable protein source. "
In addition, its high water-binding capacity
can give a smoother texture and moistness
to provide maximum functionality in a variety
of end-applications, from clear protein
concentrates to bars.
The krill-based protein also is a natural
source of minerals, such as calcium and
magnesium, which is why the company
initially is targeting the sports and active
nutrition category. It has a neutral taste and
smell profile, allowing its use in delicately
flavored foods.
" The ingredient is sustainable, and that
is something that consumers are looking
for in a protein product, " Mr. Dogan said.
" In fact, from clean labels to sustainably
sourced ingredients, consumers are investing
in brands that align with their beliefs and
values. And as consumers continue to look at
reducing their meat and dairy intake based on
concerns over planetary and human health,
marine-derived sources will become a great
alternative to conventional protein sources. " *

Culinology - June 2021

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