World Grain - August 2014 - (Page 22)

COUNTRY FOCUS Key Facts Focus on South Africa Country imports nearly 2 million tonnes of wheat to supply its highly concentrated milling industry by Chris Lyddon South Africa relies on maize (corn) and wheat to feed its people. It produces enough maize to export a surplus, but wheat has to be imported to supply its highly concentrated milling industry. Oilseeds production is rising to satisfy a growing crushing industry, while increased poultry production absorbs the meal. According to the International Grains Council (IGC), South CAMEROON SOMALIA Africa's total grains production is set to fall to 15.5 million UGANDA KENYA tonnes in 2014-15 from 16.2 million the year before. Wheat CONGO RWANDA production is set to fall to 1.9 million tonnes from 2 million DEM. REP. OF CONGO the prior year.BURUNDI The IGC forecasts TANZANIA in South African maize production in a fall 2014-15 to 13 million tonnes from 13.8 million the year before. The country is also forecast to produce 300,000 tonnes, up from 100,000 the previous year. MALAWI Its total grain imports are forecast at 2.1 million tonnes in ANGOLA ZAMBIA 2014-15 from 2 million MOZAMBIQUE before. It is forecast to export the year 2.7 million tonnes of grain, up from 2.1MADAGASCAR the previous year. million Imports are overwhelmingly wheat, foreZIMBABWE cast at an unchanged 1.8 million tonnes BOTSWANA in 2014-15. Exports are overwhelmingly NAMIBIA maize, forecast at 2.4 million tonnes in 2014-15, up from 1.8 million the year beSWAZILAND fore. SOUTH South Africa is also predicted to import LESOTHO AFRICA an unchanged 1 million tonnes of rice and 900,000 tonnes of soy meal, up from 600,000 in 2013-14. A study published in 2013 by a team led by Dr. André van der Vyver of the Department of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Rural Development, University of Pretoria, noted the origins. "The main countries from which wheat has been imported over the past 3 years are Argentina, the United States and Australia. Argentina is the main country at 41%, followed by the U.S. at 21% and Australia at 15%," it said. "South Africa is a net importer of wheat since we no longer produce enough to satisfy local demand. The local industry is one 22 Capital: Pretoria (administrative capital); Cape Town (legislative capital); Bloemfontein (judicial capital). Population: 48,375,645 note: Statistics South Africa (the national statistical agency of South Africa) estimates the country's mid-year 2013 total population to be 52,981,991, which takes into account the findings of South Africa's 2011 census; estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.). Religions: Protestant 36.6% (Zionist Christian 11.1%, Pentecostal/Charismatic 8.2%, Methodist 6.8%, Dutch Reformed 6.7%, Anglican 3.8%), Catholic 7.1%, Muslim 1.5%, other Christian 36%, other 2.3%, unspecified 1.4%, none 15.1% (2001 census). Location: Southern Africa, at the southern tip of the continent of Africa. Government: Republic. Chief of state and head of government: President Jacob Zuma (since May 9, 2009). Economy: South Africa is a middle-income, emerging market with an abundant supply of natural resources, welldeveloped financial, legal, communications, energy, and transport sectors and a stock exchange that is the 16th largest in the world. Even though the country's modern infrastructure supports a relatively efficient distribution of goods to major urban centers throughout the region, unstable electricity supplies retard growth. The global financial crisis reduced commodity prices and world demand. GDP fell nearly 2% in 2009 but has recovered since then, albeit slowly with 2014 growth projected at about 2%. Unemployment, poverty, and inequality - among the highest in the world - remain a challenge. Official unemployment is at nearly 25% of the workforce and runs significantly higher among black youth. Eskom, the state-run power company, has built two new power stations and installed new power demand management programs to improve power grid reliability. Construction delays at two additional plants, however, mean South Africa is operating on a razor thin margin; economists judge that growth cannot exceed 3% until those plants come on line. South Africa's economic policy has focused on controlling inflation; however, the country has had significant budget deficits that restrict its ability to deal with pressing economic problems. The current government faces growing pressure from special interest groups to use state-owned enterprises to deliver basic services to low-income areas and to increase job growth. GDP per capita:  $11,500 (2013 est.); inflation: 5.8% (2013 est.); unemployment: 24.9% (2013 est.). Currency: Rand (ZAR): 10.604 rands equals 1 U.S. dollar (July 21, 2014). Exports: $91.05 billion (2013 est.): gold, diamonds, platinum, other metals and minerals, machinery and equipment. Imports: $99.55 billion (2013 est.): machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum products, scientific instruments, foodstuffs. Major crops/agricultural products: Corn, wheat, sugarcane, fruits, vegetables; beef, poultry, mutton, wool, dairy products. Agriculture: 2.6% of GDP and 9% of the labor force. Internet: Code: .za; 4.761 million (2012) hosts and 4.42 million (2009) users. Source: CIA World Factbook August 2014 / World Grain /

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of World Grain - August 2014

World Grain - August 2014
Table of Contents
From the Editor-in-chief - Fundamentals drive wheat prices
Calendar of Events
Latin American milling conferences
News Review - Interflour to build flour mill in Philippine free-trade zone
San Miguel to double flour milling capacity
ADM Milling completes expansion in Indiana
Bartlett building grain facility in Kansas
Cargill to build grain facility in Arkansas
Grupo Bimbo acquires Ecuadorean baker
Didion Milling names vice-president, business development
GrainCorp buys stake in Egyptian flour miller
Egypt purchases 5.1 million tonnes of wheat in 2013-14
United Grain plans bigger expansion at port
E.U. feed groups want decision on GMs
Toepfer renamed ADM Germany
E.U., EIB to work together on agriculture
Uzbekistan harvests record 8 million tonnes of grain
Ungashick joins World Grain sales team
E.U. sets import duty for first time in nearly four years
CHS earnings up 51% in third quarter
CHS makes management changes
Ardent Mills selects office location
Grain Market Review - Coarse grains
Country Focus - South Africa
Feature - Dawn of a New Era
Ardent Mills partners, executives, bring deep roots in flour milling
Regional Review - A Vital Grain Producer
Regional Review - Overflowing with Oilseeds
Regional Review - Export Challenges
Feature - Using Corn as a 'Lifeline'
LifeLine products
Technical Profile - Demanding the best
Feature - A Growing Issue
Feed Operations - Pellet Mills
Feature - Debugging your facility
Species spotted
Guest Commentary - Unforgettable: How flour saved Berlin
Feature - Olam's rice nucleus program
Rice Quarterly - UN sets acceptable levels of arsenic in rice
New rice mill planned for Arkansas
Italy wants ‘fairer’ rice deal
Thailand province developing jasmine rice
Thailand’s rice price shoots up on drought
Supplier News
Product Showcase
World Grain Archive
Ad Index/Fax Back Program

World Grain - August 2014