World Grain - January 2015 - (Page 24)

COUNTRY FOCUS Focus on Poland One of Europe's largest grain producers is now covered by the E.U.'s Common Agricultural Policy by Chris Lyddon Poland is one of Europe's biggest grain producers, with a farm sector that has changed dramatically since it joined the European Union (E.U.) more than 10 years ago. Polish agriculture is now covered by Europe's Common Agricultural exporter of grains and processed products, while demand for biodiesel has encouraged production of oilseed rape. According to the International Grains Council's Grain Market Report, Poland's total grains production in 2014-15 will be 30.4 million tonnes, up from 28.2 million in the previous year. Wheat production is put at 11.1 million tonnes, up from 9.6 million the year before. The barley crop is put at 3.3 million tonnes, up from 3 million. Oat production is put at 700,000 tonnes, up from 600,000. Poland is also predicted to produce 3.2 million tonnes of rye, just down on the previous year's 3.3 million. Polish rapeseed proLITHUANIA duction in 2014-15 is put at 3 million tonnes, up from 2.8 in 2013-14. According to the BELARUS POLAND GERMANY European Flour Millers' Association, there CZECH Poland in 2013 with a capacity of 7 million SLOVAKIA tonnes. The association breaks the total down into 40 mills with a capacity of less than 30 tonnes a day, 180 mills with a capacity of between 20 and 100 tonnes a day, and 215 mills with a capacity of over 100 tonnes a day. Capacity usage in the industry is put at 65% and UKRAINE "Production of cereals constitutes one of the main directions of agricultural production in Poland," the country's agricultur24 Key Facts Capital: Warsaw Population: 38,346,279 (July 2014 est.) Religions: Catholic 87.2% (includes Roman Catholic 86.9% and Greek Catholic, Armenian Catholic, and Byzantine-Slavic Catholic .3%), Orthodox 1.3% (almost all are Polish Autocephalous Orthodox), Protestant 0.4% (mainly Augsburg Evangelical and Pentacostal), other 0.4% (includes Jehovah's Witness, Buddhist, Hare Krishna, Gaudiya Vaishnavism, Muslim, Jewish, Mormon), unspecified 10.8% (2012 est.). Location: Central Europe, east of Germany. Government: Republic. Chief of state: President Bronislaw Komorowski (since Aug. 6, 2010); head of government: Prime Minister Donald Tusk (since Nov. 16, 2007). Economy: Poland has pursued a policy of economic liberalization since 1990 and Poland's economy was the only one in the E.U. to avoid a recession through the 2008-09 economic downturn. Although E.U. membership and access to E.U. structural funds have provided a major boost to the economy since 2004, GDP per capita remains significantly below the E.U. average while unemployment continues to exceed the E.U. average. The government of Prime Minister Donald Tusk steered the Polish economy through the economic downturn by skillfully managing public finances and adopting controversial pension and tax reforms to further shore up public finances. While the Polish economy has performed well over the past five years, growth slowed in 2012 and 2013, in part due to the ongoing economic difficulties in the euro zone. Short term, the key policy challenge will be to consolidate debt and spending without stifling economic growth. Over the longer term, Poland's economic performance could improve if the country addresses some of the remaining deficiencies in its road and rail infrastructure, business environment, rigid labor code, commercial court system, government red tape, and burdensome tax system. GDP per capita: $21,100 (2013 est.) inflation: 1% (2013 est.); unemployment: 10.3% (2013 est.). Currency: Zlotych (PLN): 3.484 zlotych equals 1 U.S. dollar (Dec. 22, 2014). Exports: $202.3 billion (2013 est.): machinery and transport equipment 37.8%, intermediate manufactured goods 23.7%, miscellaneous manufactured goods 17.1%, food and live animals 7.6%. Imports: $207.4 billion (2013 est.): machinery and transport equipment 38%, intermediate manufactured goods 21%, chemicals 15%, minerals, fuels, lubricants, and related materials 9% (2011 est.). Major crops/agricultural products: Potatoes, fruits, vegetables, wheat; poultry, eggs, pork, dairy. Agriculture: 4% of GDP and 12.9% of the labor force. Internet: Code: .pl; 13.265 million (2012) hosts and 22.452 million (2009) users. Source: CIA World Factbook January 2015 / World Grain /

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of World Grain - January 2015

World Grain - January 2015
Table of Contents
From the Editor-in-chief - China’s land policy an issue for grain
Calendar of Events
International Agro-technological Conference
News review - EBRD makes investments in milling, grain industries
Sosland Publishing relocating company headquarters
Louis Dreyfus restarts CEO search
Nidera acquires terminal in Port of Constanta
Nutreco acquires two Brazilian feed companies
IGP Institute expands program offerings
CGB plans grain terminal
Brazilian port sets new record in grain exports
Barilla launches China market-specific pasta
Interflour acquires Indonesian flour mill
Gruma to build tortilla plant in Russia
Cargill announces additions to board, leadership team
Richardson plans new high throughput elevator
CP investing in its rail network
Kampffmeyer Food becomes GoodMills Innovation
China approves Syngenta’s GMO corn trait
Trimex finalizes purchase of Gruma wheat milling business
Grain Market Review - Oilseeds
Country Focus - Poland
Feature - U.S. flour milling industry ‘resilient'
Feature - Fast-growing industry
Feature - Ardent exec sees ‘vibrant’ industry
Feature - Building a modern milling company
GoodMills Group
Feature - Don't expect bull market in 2015
Feature - GEAPS Exchange 2015
GEAPS Product Showcase
Feature - IAOM MEA celebrates 25th anniversary
Feature - Opinions diverge on ocean rates
Feature - U.S. buying more grain from Canada
Canada-U.S. trade task group re-dedicates itself to mission
Feature - IGC cuts flour export projections
World Grain Weather report - What happened to El Nino drought?
Feature - Johannes Wick interview
Supplier News
World Grain Archive
Ad Index/Reader Information Form International Faxback Program

World Grain - January 2015