HIV Specialist - June 2021 - 33

Lessons Learned
From a Low
Prevalence
Country
BY: NAOKATSU ANDO, MD, AAHIVS
T
HERE ARE 38 MILLION PEOPLE
living with HIV globally.1
However, Japan has been known
as a country with a low HIV
prevalence rate. According to the annual
report of the National AIDS Surveillance
committee for the year 2019 in Japan,
the number of new HIV/AID cases was
1,236 and the incidence rate was 0.98 per
100,000 people respectively.2 (Fig.1) These
estimated numbers are considered to
be very small compared to that reported
from high prevalence countries such as
the United States with 36,400 new HIV
infections in 2018 and an incidence rate of
13.3 per 100,000 people. 3 However, there is
still room for improvement. The proportion
of AIDS patients in Japan in the total
number of newly diagnosed infections has
remained constant at about 30 percent for
more than 10 years.2 (Fig. 1) This means
that we have not been able to detect people
with HIV (PWH) at an early stage. This is
an important issue to consider in order to
further reduce HIV infection.
SHUTTERSTOCK/ NIYAZZ
WWW.AAHIVM.ORG HIVSPECIALIST JUNE 2021 33
http://WWW.AAHIVM.ORG

HIV Specialist - June 2021

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