ILMA Compoundings - March 2020 - 24

an improved electric driveline, GVW
80,000 and next-generation battery,"
she said.
Volvo has focused its early EV
projects in areas where the air quality
is the worst in California. "We already
have a couple of trucks that have
arrived in California, with more to
come," Fenton said.
Large and small automakers, including Ford, Nissan, Fiat Chrysler and
Mercedes-Benz, recently demonstrated
new electric models during the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas.
U.S. automakers have reported that they
will have more than 100 EVs on sale by
the end of 2020, and a report from the
consulting firm McKinsey said there will
be more than 400 new EV models in
the pipeline globally over the next three
years, compared to 136 in 2018.
Sean Hillard, business development
manager for BRT Transportation, said
he has kept a close eye on EVs as well
as alternative fuels. Not only does the
company operate a fleet, but it also
delivers gas and diesel to convenience
stores and truck stops.
"From what we see, EVs will have
the quickest and most significant
impact in the car market first," Hillard
said. "The impact it will have in the
trucking market will primarily consist
of fleets that are operating smaller box
trucks in local short-haul operations,
where the truck goes back to a home
base every night and is not used for a
second shift overnight."

Creating Industry
Standards

As the growth of EVs advances,
industry standards take on greater
importance. TMC's study group S.18
is looking at automated vehicles as
well as EVs. TMC has other groups
working on specific applications
related to EVs, such as electrification
in utility and work trucks.
"We're approaching it in a lot of
different ways," Legler said. "As we

24

MARCH 2020

| COMPOUNDINGS | ILMA.ORG

"From what we see, EVs will have the quickest and most
significant impact in the car market first."
Sean Hillard, business development manager, BRT Transportation
develop information on maintenance
and specifications, we look at all recommended practices. The trick with
electrification is this is all new. We
don't have a vast array of subject-matter experts to draw on."
TMC's study group, S.14 Light &
Medium & Specialty Trucks Study
Group, which is led by fleet owners,
suppliers and OEMs, is examining the
effects of electrification on specifications and maintenance of vocational
trucks, which include work vehicles
such as garbage trucks or utility
service trucks.
On electric vocational trucks, everything that is currently engine-driven
typically is going to have to be electrically driven instead of belt-driven or
gear-driven, Legler explained. "With
the internal combustion engine, the
engine is running all the time. When
you have hydraulics to run, the engine
will meet the demand of the hydraulic
function," he said.
However, in an electric truck, the
engine is idle, so manufacturers have to
replace all of the belt- and gear-driven
parts with electric parts. "That is one

specific thing our utility truck task
force is looking [at]," Legler said. "A
lot of new things have to be brought
online to meet vocational needs."
Legler said TMC is working to identify and prioritize the work that needs
to be done and develop the information
that will eventually go into its recommended practices. "I suspect these will
come out as information reports until
we can get the details we need," he said.
"There are very few operational EVs
out there. There isn't a lot of hands-on
experience."

Crunching the Numbers

Legler said there are specific financial
implications for companies that switch
to an electric fleet, and TMC's study
groups will develop recommended
practices, which Legler said will take
time. He added that TMC works
closely with the Society of Automotive
Engineers International. "In the next
three to four years, we'll be getting
some definitive experience we can lay
down some practices on."
While a lot of fleets are looking at
prototypes and demos, Legler said
they aren't going to pay more just


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ILMA Compoundings - March 2020

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