ILMA Compoundings August 2016 - 36

POWER PLAY Phosphorus Concerns in the Great Lakes Region Daniel T. Bryant T he level of phosphorus in the Great Lakes Region continues to receive significant attention at the national, state and local levels. The high concentrations of phosphorus in Lake Erie has led to increased algae blooms that have impacted drinking water supplies and recreational activities in the summer months. The situation got so dire two years ago that citizens around Toledo, Ohio, were unable to drink water produced from Lake Erie for several days. Fertilizers and livestock manure from farms in the Midwest are the primary generators of the type of phosphorus that feed the harmful algae, although sewage from urban treatment plants and failed septic tanks also contribute to the problem. The U.S. and Canadian governments are addressing the issue jointly through the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement. Additionally, Midwestern states, such as Ohio, are looking to take state-level action to combat phosphorus levels. Further, mayors of affected Midwestern cities have also come together. At present, it is unclear what measures the federal government and Midwestern states ultimately will take to reduce phosphorus levels. As many ILMA members use phosphoruscontaining antiwear additives in engine oils or are potentially exploring extreme-pressure additive alternatives to mediumand long-chain chlorinated paraffins in certain metalworking fluids, this regulatory development could pose challenges for some members and their customers in the Great Lakes Region. Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement The Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement (GLWQA) was originally signed by the United States and Canada in 1972. It was subsequently amended and updated in 1983, 1987 and 2012. The GLWQA provides a framework for the two nations to address the "chemical, physical and biological integrity" of one of the world's largest fresh water supplies. It outlines principles, approaches and objectives to accomplish the goals of pollution abatement and prevention. Currently, Canada and the United States have agreed to target reductions and must craft implementation plans by February 2018 to achieve a 40 percent reduction in phosphorus in the Great Lakes region (compared to 2008 levels). However, there is currently no firm deadline by which those reductions must be achieved. Ohio and Other Midwest States' Activities In addition to activities on the national level, several Midwestern states have taken their own initiatives to craft plans. Ohio's new state plan, similar to the GLWQA, seeks to cut the amount of phosphorus entering Lake Erie by 40 percent (compared to 2008 levels). However, Ohio currently sets a concrete deadline of 2025 to achieve those reductions. Ohio intends to look closely at the western part of Lake Erie as the water is particularly shallow there and, thus, more prone to algae growth. Additionally, the state will look at water treatment plants and areas particularly susceptible to erosion as avenues to reduce phosphorus entering Lake Erie. Vol. 66 No. 8 * 36 * August 2016 Compoundings

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of ILMA Compoundings August 2016

FROM THE CEO
FROM THE PRESIDENT
BOARD BRIEF
NOTES FROM NLGI
THE HEART OF ILMA
In Memoriam Mike Ryterski (1920–2016)
Radco Industries Promotes Brian Finch
Manufacturing Day is Coming! October 7, 2016
THE EVOLUTION OF GROUP II
VOICES & VIEWS
INTERNATIONAL INSIGHT
FOCUS ON ETHICS
FAMILY BUSINESS
RULES & REGS
POWER PLAY
LEGAL EASE Preparing for Brexit
THE WHITE PAPER

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