ITE Journal March 2018 - 31

TOOL

SAFETY BENEFITS OF THE GATEWAY R1-6 TREATMENT:

An Examination of Effects on
Drivers Yielding to Pedestrians, Speed
at Crosswalks, and Sign Durability

By Ron Van Houten, Ph.D., Jonathan Hochmuth,
De'Lon Dixon, and Carissa McQuiston

P

edestrian fatalities and injuries represent a growing
percentage of all traffic fatalities and injuries.1 For

example, pedestrian fatalities comprised 10.9 percent of
all traffic deaths nationwide in 2004, but 14.5 percent

in 2013. It should be noted that pedestrian fatalities in the United
States increased to 5,997 in 2016.2 In an attempt to develop a low-cost
treatment that could be effective at crossing on multilane roads,
Bennett, Manal, and Van Houten reported on the use of a gateway
configuration of the in-street sign (the use of in-street R1-6 signs
on four-lane roads with two lanes in each direction.)3 This gateway
treatment produced a marked improvement in yielding at multilane
uncontrolled crosswalks that was comparable to those produced
by a Rectangular Rapid Flashing Beacon (RRFB) or a Pedestrian
Hybrid Beacon (PHB).4,5 Figure 1 shows a portion of a Gateway R1-6
treatment on one side of a pedestrian refuge island.
w w w .i t e.or g

M arch 2018

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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of ITE Journal March 2018

ITE Journal March 2018 - 1
ITE Journal March 2018 - 2
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