ITE Journal - April 2020 - 32

A

s a part of its mandate to serve its membership, ITE is advancing knowledge,
providing guidance, and instilling the spirit of workforce development in all
aspects of transportation technology advancements. As part of ITE's Connected
and Automated Vehicle (CAV) Institute Initiative, a joint Steering Committee

on CAV was formed. Some of the objectives of this CAV Steering Committee include: advocating
for the policy and governance elements; providing guidance on technology deployments;
documenting the lessons learned; discussing topics of interest to the practitioners; and speaking
for the membership on policy, education, outreach, national standards, rule-making, and more.
The ITE CAV Steering Committee's activities are aimed at
stakeholders such as the following:
ƒ	 The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA);
ƒ	 Infrastructure Owner Operators (IOO) such as the state
Departments of Transportation (DOTs), local agencies, and
Metropolitan Planning Organizations (MPOs);
ƒ	 The transportation consulting industry;
ƒ	 Technology equipment vendors and industry partners including
auto manufacturers often referred to as Original Equipment
Manufacturers (OEMs);
ƒ	 Academia and researchers; and
ƒ	 Standards development organizations such as the Society of
Automotive Engineers (SAE) and the Institute of Electrical and
Electronics Engineers (IEEE).
The ITE CAV Steering Committee includes members from
all core ITE Technical Councils, as well as members who serve
on other significant national groups such as the American
Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials
(AASHTO), Transportation Research Board (TRB), ITS America,
National Operations Center of Excellence (NOCoE), and the
National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA); while
also coordinating with international entities such as the ERTICO,
ITS Asia-Pacific, AustRoads, etc., as necessary.
This white paper synthesizes topics of immediate relevance to
the ITE membership and the transportation community at large.
It is timely because several IOOs are deploying CAV programs
with synergistic projects, or are considering emerging technologies with the primary objective of significantly reducing traffic
crashes and improving mobility for all road users. These safety
and mobility benefits are to be gained during both recurring and
32

Apri l 2020

i te j o urn al

non-recurring congestion, on freeways and arterials, in urban and
rural areas, within the United States and around the world.
Emerging technologies within the transportation context,
and an understanding of good project management practices and
innovative procurement methods, are essential for implementing
CAV programs. Strategic planning should also recognize user
needs, avoiding technology deployments just because they are
"cool." A typical project management lifecycle requires systematic
and systems level planning, but with a goal to quickly deploy
projects to immediately realizing the benefit of current technologies. Practitioners experience challenges with seeking funding to
deploy CAV projects, especially because estimating benefit-to-cost
ratios or return on investment is difficult. This is partly because
few methodologies exist to quantify the safety and mobility
benefits of these emerging technologies.
AASHTO and USDOT are credited with their milestone
announcements on the Signal Phasing and Timing (SPaT)
Challenge and the USDOT Joint Program Office (JPO) connected
vehicle (CV) Pilot projects, which have both radically transformed
emerging technologies deployments and the active utilization of
the 5.9 GHz safety spectrum.

Intelligent Transportation Systems
Traditional traffic engineering has been in development for
several decades before the advent of the Intelligent Vehicle
Highway Systems (IVHS) during the 1990s, which led to the
creation of a well-defined, actively discussed, and comprehensively collaborated intelligent transportation systems (ITS)
framework. Today, practically every transportation entity, public
or private, includes ITS, and leverages ITS technologies with
real-time traffic data monitoring capabilities. IOOs also include



ITE Journal - April 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of ITE Journal - April 2020

ITE Journal - April 2020 - Cover1
ITE Journal - April 2020 - Cover2
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https://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ITE/G102868_ITE_January2019
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https://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ITE/G100154_ITE_November2018
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