ITE Journal - April 2020 - 44

PARTNERSHIPS

Safeguarding Safety for Road Users Now
While Planning for an Automated Future

A

By Eleanor Leshner, Nico B oyd, and Alice Grossman, Ph.D.
lthough uncertainty remains about the benefits and risks of automated vehicle
(AV) technology, advocates of AVs tout increased safety for roadway users as
an anticipated benefit of the technology. Exploring the potential for highly
automated vehicles, or HAVs*, to complement existing efforts to increase safety

for pedestrians and bicyclists is especially relevant in the context of recent trends in roadway
safety.1 Roadway deaths for vulnerable road users (VRUs) have been on the rise in recent years,
with increasing rates of pedestrian and bicyclist fatalities resulting from collisions with motor
vehicles.2 Figure 1 shows trends in traffic-related pedestrian deaths from 2000 to 2016, and data
from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) indicates that speeding-related deaths comprise a large portion of traffic-related fatalities, accounting for more than a
quarter of all traffic-related fatalities in the U.S. in 2018.2

shutterstock/ambrozinio

*	 For the purposes of this paper HAVs are defined as vehicles under the operation of Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) definition of Level 4 or 5 vehicle automation.
Level 4 vehicles can still be driven by an occupant whereas Level 5 vehicles do not have a steering wheel, gas pedal, or brake pedal.1

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ITE Journal - April 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of ITE Journal - April 2020

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ITE Journal - April 2020 - Cover3
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https://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ITE/G103582_ITE_February2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ITE/G102868_ITE_January2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ITE/G100155_ITE_December2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ITE/G100154_ITE_November2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ITE/G99495_ITE_October2018
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