ITE Journal - July 2020 - 40

Bikeway Definition
Bikeways are dedicated facilities that designate space for bicyclists
and are distinct from motor vehicle traffic. A bikeway does not
include shared lanes, sidewalks, signed routes, or shared lanes
with shared lane markings, but does include bicycle boulevards,
which are shared lanes with low vehicular traffic volume
operating at low speeds. Other examples of bikeway facilities
include advisory bicycle lanes, shoulders, bicycle lanes, separated
bicycle lanes, and sidepaths, or shared use paths parallel to a
roadway designed to mix pedestrians and bicyclists.

Technical, political, or financial realities may mean that not all
roads can be retrofitted or designed with the appropriate bikeway.
At locations where the preferred bikeway cannot be provided on
the primary route and a parallel route is not feasible, agencies must
recognize that bicycle activity may be suppressed, and the safety
of bicyclists operating on this roadway segment may be reduced.
When this occurs, other remedies such as the reduction of traffic
speed or volume may be considered to help the community meet
bicycling goals established in their adopted plans.

Uptake and Training
Since the release of the Guide, a webinar and series of workshop
trainings have engaged practitioners across the United States.
The Bikeway Selection Guide webinar is available to view on the
Pedestrian and Bicycle Information website (www.pedbikeinfo.
org/webinars) and includes discussion among Guide authors from
the consulting firms Toole Design and VHB.
To encourage use of the Guide, FHWA hosted in-person
workshops across the country and has adapted the format to
include virtual learning in response to COVID-19. During the
workshops, instructors emphasize the importance of assessing
planned bikeway projects and conducting formal feasibility
studies. The Guide introduces these as specific steps in the
overall process, prior to moving into final bikeway selection
and designing the bikeway, as opportunities to identify and
evaluate the trade-offs between bikeway options. The instructors
use visualizations to illustrate typical challenges to bikeway
implementation-such as curbside traffic, driveway conflicts,
on-street parking, and utility infrastructure. Participants work
together to identify trade-offs and options for bikeways by
examining local case studies.
For some agencies, these workshops provide a "nudge" when
leadership has been reluctant to shift from a car-centric focus
to one of multimodal inclusion, and for other agencies these

40

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workshops can reinforce their commitment to planning for
bicycling while helping them work through the inherent tradeoffs.
For the Northeast Arkansas Regional Transportation Planning
Commission, the shift to multimodal transportation planning
has been slow and not universally supported according to MPO
Director Cecelie Cochran. Ms. Cochran found that "through the
FHWA Bikeway Selection Guide workshop, we were able to discover
the incorporation of available options that are practical to our
roadway system." She added that her staff will use what they learned
to identify and prioritize improvement projects throughout the
region. In Ohio, workshop participants will apply what they learned
as the Ohio Department of Transportation develops a statewide
pedestrian and bicycle policy plan in 2019-2020.
By talking through these group exercises, workshop participants
become more confident that they can clearly articulate the benefits
and challenges of bikeway options to stakeholders and decision
makers. This clarity promotes transparency and often leads to
increased public support for bikeway implementation.
The full FHWA Bikeway Selection Guide is available
at: https://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/ped_bike/tools_solve/docs/
fhwasa18077.pdf. To learn more about technical assistance and
training workshop opportunities, contact Tamara Redmon,
+1-202-366-4077, tamara.redmon@dot.gov itej

References
1.	 Schultheiss, B., Sanders, R., Ludelman, B, Boudart, J., Blackburn, L.,
Brookshire, K., Nordback, K., Thomas, L., Van Veen, D., and Embry,
M. "Literature Review: Resource Guide for Separating Bicyclists
from Traffic." FHWA-SA-18-030: Federal Highway Administration,
Washington, DC, 2018.
2.	 Schultheiss, B., Goodman, D., Blackburn, L., Wood, A., Reed, D., and
Elbech, M. "Bikeway Selection Guide." FHWA-SA-18-077: Federal Highway
Administration, Washington, DC, 2019.
3.	 Schultheiss, W. Sanders, R. Toole, J. "A Historical Perspective on the
AASHTO Guide for the Development of Bicycle Facilities and the Impact
of the Vehicular Cycling Movement." Transportation Research Record:
Journal of the Transportation Research Board, Volume 2672, Issue 13
(2018): 38-49.
4.	 Dill, D. and McNeil, N. "Revisiting the Four Types of Cyclists." Transportation
Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, Volume
2587, Issue 1 (2016): 90-99.
5.	 National Association of City Transportation Officials. "Don't Give Up At
the Intersection: Designing All Ages and Abilities Bicycle Crossings."
May 2019.


https://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/ped_bike/tools_solve/docs/fhwasa18077.pdf https://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/ped_bike/tools_solve/docs/fhwasa18077.pdf http://www.pedbikeinfo.org/webinars http://www.pedbikeinfo.org/webinars

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