ITE Journal - May 2021 - 40

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May 2021

i te j o urnal

2.	 Pinpoint employment centers, in proximity to the target
historically disadvantaged communities, that possess
relevant job opportunities
3.	 Evaluate the quality of the non-automobile transportation
service to the target historically disadvantaged communities,
understanding the work shift timeframes
4.	 Identify deficiencies / gaps in transportation service between
the communities and employment centers
5.	 Engage the identified communities for input and understanding of their transportation service needs
6.	 Recommend strategies for service improvements collaboration with the communities
The city's recently released Complete Streets Design Manual
details the policies specified by the city's ordinance, including the
section " Addressing Equity in Baltimore. "
Another example of how to incorporate the equity lens in safety
projects includes the Hillsborough Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO) in Tampa, FL, USA, which recently completed a speed
management action plan. With communities across the country

Wallace Montgomery

for pedestrians to engage in physically distant walking, biking, or
other physical activities.
However, the city recognized the need to evaluate which
pedestrians Slow Streets was helping and whom the program might
overlook. The program received feedback that many residents,
especially essential workers, would benefit more from improved
traffic safety at access points to essential services on busier arterial
roads rather than physically distant walking corridors on roads that
already had less traffic. In response, the city added an " Essential
Places " aspect of the program to create temporary traffic infrastructure changes that allow safer access to services such as grocery
stores, food distribution sites, and COVID-19 testing sites.
Next, the city paused the addition of new Slow Streets corridors
in order to evaluate the impact of the existing sites through an
equity lens. The program is using data from OakDOT's Geographic
Equity Toolbox to prioritize reaching out to the most historically
and currently overlooked neighborhoods first and to assess the
impacts of Slow Streets so that they can adapt the program to better
serve the community. Oakland's Slow Streets program rollout is an
important demonstration of how equity work must go hand in hand
with the move toward more complete streets.
The City of Baltimore, MD, USA has several transportation
initiatives underway to improve service to historically underprivileged communities. Baltimore has addressed project development
and delivery through its city council's Complete Streets Ordinance,
which identifies specific elements of the transportation process
requiring the application of an equity lens. Key requirements
include the inclusion of an equity assessment as part of the project
selection/prioritization process, equity policies in stakeholder
outreach, and the application of an " equity lens " to the data-driven
Complete Streets Annual Report.
Baltimore's community engagement policies address equity from
a number of valuable perspectives: race, gender, culture, income,
age, and accessibility. Each of these engagement policies defines the
importance of customizing outreach for the sector of the community
and recommended outreach strategies to encourage participation.
The city leveraged a Transportation Equity Gap Analysis, funded
by the Baltimore Metropolitan Council, to develop a methodology
for technically assessing equity in the city using available data and
technical tools. This methodology will be applied to the city transportation department's project prioritization process, and adds an
important technical process for connecting equity policy to identifying
and improving transportation service to historically disadvantaged
communities. The city established a framework/method to measure
transportation equity in Baltimore community populations by
researching best practices (such as the Victoria Transport Policy
Institute's work) and developing the following products:
1.	 Identify underprivileged communities based on quantifiable
equity indicators

Figure 1. GIS analysis tool developed by the Baltimore City Department of
Transportation/Wallace Montgomery to evaluate public transit access to
viable employment opportunities for select communities.



ITE Journal - May 2021

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of ITE Journal - May 2021

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