ITE Journal - May 2021 - 47

Putting Accessibility to Use
The technical issues only matter if accessibility measures will be
employed in decision-making to improve transportation outcomes.
Two questions are important:

1. What accessibility-related goals should be pursued?
Improving accessibility for accessibility's sake is a worthwhile
objective, but in most places, access by walking, biking, and transit
lags far behind access by driving. In fact, road improvements that
benefit drivers often degrade or impede access for non-drivers.
Accessibility analysis, therefore, provides an opportunity to look
for opportunities in every plan or project to help improve non-auto
accessibility, relative to driving. A process that considers all modes

gives decision-makers a lens for understanding how a project will
potentially push the needle on related outcomes like livability,
equity, and travel behavior. Equitable access, for example, could
be operationalized as access to jobs from low-income households
by modes other than driving, or access from the same households
to food or healthcare. Accessibility metrics can also help predict
how changes to the built environment could affect travel behavior
outcomes such as VMT or modal usage, as shown in Figure 2.

2. How will accessibility live within a program or agency?
Planners, project developers and others involved in transportation
decision-making might simply appreciate analyzing projects
using an accessibility lens, but improving access systematically

Figure 1. Examples of local and regional accessibility measures by mode and trip purpose.

Figure 2. Relationship between transit or walking accessibility and average household VMT in greater Boston, MA, USA.
w w w .i t e.or g

May 2021

47


http://www.ite.org

ITE Journal - May 2021

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of ITE Journal - May 2021

ITE Journal - May 2021 - 1
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 2
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 3
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 4
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 5
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 6
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 7
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 8
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 9
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 10
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 11
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 12
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 13
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 14
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 15
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 16
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 17
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 18
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 19
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 20
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 21
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 22
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 23
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 24
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 25
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 26
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 27
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 28
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 29
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 30
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 31
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 32
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 33
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 34
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 35
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 36
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 37
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 38
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 39
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 40
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 41
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 42
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 43
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 44
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 45
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 46
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 47
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 48
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 49
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 50
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 51
ITE Journal - May 2021 - 52
https://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ITE/ite-journal-june-2021
https://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ITE/ite-journal-may-2021
https://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ITE/ite-journal-april-2021
https://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ITE/ITE_Mar2021
https://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ITE/ITE_Jan2021
https://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ITE/ITE_Dec2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ITE/ITE_Nov2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ITE/ITE_Oct2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ITE/ITE_Sept2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ITE/ITE_Aug2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ITE/ITE_July2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ITE/ITE_June2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ITE/ITE_May2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ITE/ITE_April2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ITE/ITE_March2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ITE/ITE_February2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ITE/ITE_January2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ITE/ITE_December2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ITE/G110939_ITE_November2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ITE/G110110_ITE_October2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ITE/G110109_ITE_September2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ITE/G108559_ITE_August2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ITE/G108250_ITE_July2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ITE/G107225_ITE_June2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ITE/G104039_ITE_May2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ITE/G104038_ITE_April2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ITE/G104036_ITE_March2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ITE/G103582_ITE_February2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ITE/G102868_ITE_January2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ITE/G100155_ITE_December2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ITE/G100154_ITE_November2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ITE/G99495_ITE_October2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ITE/G98028_ITE_September2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ITE/G97366_ITE_August2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ITE/G96287_ITE_July2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ITE/G94315_ITE_June2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ITE/G93877_ITE_May2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ITE/G93065_ITE_Apr2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ITE/G91484_ITE_Mar2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ITE/G89434_ITE_Feb2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ITE/G86608_ITE_Jan2018
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com